National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Philippines

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....N/A
          2. - Class I-II .....10
          3. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          4. - Others .....N/A
          5. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....1
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....21
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....21
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Monthly Weather Situation

      ENSO Advisory

      Climate Impact Assessment for Agriculture

      10 day Agri Weather

      Daily Agri Weather
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        10-Day Agri Weather

        Daily Agri-Weather
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Department of Agriculture, Department of Science and Technology –PCARP

        Department of Environment and Natural Resources

        National Data Resourced Board

        National Economic Development Authority

        Department of Trade and Industry

        AFC Fertilizer & Chemical Inc.

        ALDIZ Inc.

        Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS)

        Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM)

        Dept. of Economics Research

        Croplife Phils. Inc.

        Department of Agriculture

        Department of Public Works and Gighways

        Local Water Utilities Adm.

        Manila Water Sewerage System (MWSS)

        Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA)

        National Planning & Policy Staff (NEDA)

        National Power Corporation (NPC)

        National Tobacco Administration (NTA)

        Office of the Civil Defense & Executive Officer (OCD)

        Philippine Air Force (PAF)

        The Philippne National Red Cross (PNRC)

        Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA)

        PHILVOLCS

        University of the Philippines (UP Diliman)

        Planters Products

      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM)

        CARE

        OXFAM

        Philippine Climate Change Network
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....N/A
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals? .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....N/A
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....No
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....N/A
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....N/A
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....N/A
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....N/A
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....N/A
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Studies have been done on the economic value of seasonal climate forecast but none on the benefits of agrometorologica service
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      DSSAT for research purpose only
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Percent of Normal

      Percentile Rank

      Generalized Monsoon Index

      Yield Moisture Index

      Standard Precipitation Index (very recently)
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      Philippine Meteorological Society
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Hilario, F.D., R. de Guzman, D.Ortega, P. Hayman and B.Alexander. El Niño Southern Oscillation in the Philippines: Impacts, Forecasts and Risk Management. Philippine Journal of Development, Number 67, First Sem 2009. Volume XXXVI, No.1

      Patindol, P.A.., C. Predo, R.de Guzman. Risk-efficient Planting Schedules for Corn in Matalom, Leyte, Philippines Philippine Journal of Development, Number 67, First Sem 2009. Volume XXXVI, No.1

      Reyes, Celia M., K G. Gonzale, C.D. Predo, R. G. de Guzman ., Assessing the Value of
      Seasonal Climate Forecasts on Farm-level Corn Production through Simulation
      Modelling. 2009

      Predo, C., Hayman, P., Crean, J., Mullen, J., Parton, K., Hilario, F., de Guzman, R.,
      Juanillo, E., Reyes, C. and Liguton, J. Assessing the Economic Value of Seasonal
      Climate Forecasts for Corn-based Farming Systems in Leyte, Philippines. 2009

      Predo, C.D., R.de Guzman . Interaction between Philippine Met Services and Corn
      Farmers in the Southern Philippines. The World Meteorological Organisation
      International Workshop on the Content, Communication and Use of Weather and
      Climate Products and Services for Sustainable Agriculture was held at the University
      of Southern Queensland in Toowoomba, Australia, May 18-20 2009

      Reyes, Celia, Hilario, F., Use of Seasonal Climate Information (SCF) in Philippine Rice
      Importation Policy. The World Meteorological Organisation International Workshop on
      the Content, Communication and Use of Weather and Climate Products and Services
      for Sustainable Agriculture was held at the University of Southern Queensland in
      Toowoomba, Australia, May 18-20 2009

      De Guzman, R.G., F.Hilario., Seasonal Rainfall Probabilities from RAINMAN., PIDS
      Journal. 2007

      De Guzman, R.G., Skill of Seasonal Climate Forecasts (SCF) using RAINMAN SST
      Phase Forecasting System, ACIAR Report 2007

      Monte, E., C. Predo, R. de Guzman Using Seasonal Climate Forecast in Corn
      Production among Smallholder Farmers in Cebu, Phillipines. Society of Agricultural
      Economists, held in Manila, August 2008.

      Moron, V., A. Lucero, F. Hilario, D. De Witt, B. Lyon an A.W. Robertson. Seasonal Predictability of monsoon onset over the Philippines. Clivar Exchanges. No 43(Vol 12 No 4) Oct. 2007.

      Lyon, Bradfield, Hannagrace Cristi, Ernesto Verceles, Flaviana Hilario and Rusy Abastillas. Seasonal Reversal of the ENSO Rainfall Signal in the Philippines.Geophysical Research Letters.Dec.2006

      Hilario, Flaviana D. And Juliet Mangera(2000) Soil Moisture and Vegetation Monitoring Using AIRSAR Data. Proceedings of the Workshop on POLinSAR – Applications of SAR Polarimetry and Polarimetric Interferometry, 14-16 January 2003, Frascati, Italy.

      Crisostomo B., F. Hilario, A. Alquero, M. Palaganas, V. Bato, B. Balais, J. Bernardo and V. Santos (2001). Land Cover and Land Use Change in Upper Magat Watershed. Proceedings of Conference on Global Change and Sustainable Development in Southeast Asia, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

      Hilario, Flaviana D. (1998). Short Duration Rainfall Estimation Using GMS IR and VIS Images. Proceedings of the 19th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, Manila, Phil.

      Francisco, R.V., F.D.Hilario, E.L.Juanillo and V.G. Leano(1997) Philippine Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks:1990, US Country Study Program:Philippine Country Study on Climate Change, Nov. 123pp.

      Alba Jocelyn, F.D. Hilario, A. Jose and E. Liquigan (1997). Monitoring Land Use and Land Cover Changes Using Remote Sensing and GIS. Proceedings of the Synthesis Workshop of the Southeast Asia Land Use/Land Cover Changes Case Study. National Research Council of Thailand.

      Francisco, R.V., F.D.Hilario, E.L.Juanillo, V.G. Leano, et.al.(1996) Workbook for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Sector,Workbook1,Study Element on Greenhouse Gas Inventory,Phil. Country Study on Climate Change,PAGASA,60pp.

      Amadore, Leoncio A., Alan Pineda, Flaviana Hilario, Oscar Cruz, Maximo Peralta and Roberto Crisostomo, An Assessment of the Applicability of ERS-1 SAR on Flood Monitoring in tjhe Bicol River Basin. Proceeding of the ASEAN Conference on Remote Sensing, Thailand, 20-24 Nov. 1994.

      Jose, Aida M., Raquel V. Francisco,Edna L. Juanillo and Flaviana D. Hilario, Some Implications of Mount Pinatubo Eruption on the Environment, CAB TP No. 92-2, June, 1992.

      Hilario, Flaviana D. A Preliminary Study on the Estimation of Short Duration Rainfall Using GMS Satellite Images. CAB TP No. 92-6. 1992.

      Hilario, Flaviana D. A Comparison of Parallelepiped and Maximum Likelihood Methods in Cloud Nephanalysis(1990).Unpublished Masteral Thesis. University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland.

      Bonjoc,Manuel C., Aida M. Jose, Flaviana D. Hilario, Climate Resource Inventory for Agroclimatic Zoning. Proceedings of the Farm Resources and System Forum.Book Series No. 70/1988, Philippine Council for Agriculture,Forestry and Natural Resources and Development, PAGASA/ DOST and UNDP/USAID).

      Jose,Aida M., Flaviana D. Hilario and Gilda C. Borja, Assessment of Climatic Variability and Its Impact on Agriculture During the Recent El Nino Events. Proceedings of the Farm Resources and System Forum. Book Series No. 70/1988, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, PAGASA/DOST and UNDP/USAID).

      Jose, Aida M., Flaviana D. Hilario, Isabel G. Carlos, Onset and Termination of Growing Season in the Philippines,Proceeding of WMO/PAGASA Workshop on Agroclimatological Study of Humid Tropics of Southeast Asia. 23-29 Nov. 1983.

      Hilario, Flaviana D. Water Balance in the Bicol Region (1983). Unpublished Masteral Thesis. University of the Phil., Los Banos, Laguna.
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