National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Peru

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....3
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....15
          2. - Class I-II .....5
          3. - Class III-IV .....7
          4. - Others .....3
          5. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....6
          2. - Personal computers .....12
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....1
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....3
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....100
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....399
        2. - New instruments added .....150
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....60
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....413
        2. - New instruments added .....400
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....80
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Bulletin of Peru, (Monthly)

      Impact of meteorological conditions on agriculture (every 10 days)

      Bulletins on Extreme Events; Droughts and Frosts, for the Mantaro, Pampas, Apurimac, Urubamba, Ramis, Ilave, Chancay, Jequetepeque, Santa, Ilo and Moquegua basins.

      Bulletin of agrocimatic risk forecast for the crops in the Mataro valley. -Agrometeorological Forecast for Peru

      Bulletin of the Bibliographic Center of ARIII, (half-yearly)

      Agroclimatic Studies
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.senamhi.gob.pe/
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Bulletin of Peru, (Monthly)

        Impact of meteorological conditions on agriculture (every 10 days)

        Bulletins on Extreme Events; Droughts and Frosts, for the Mantaro, Pampas, Apurimac, Urubamba, Ramis, Ilave, Chancay, Jequetepeque, Santa, Ilo and Moquegua basins.

        Bulletin of agrocimatic risk forecast for the crops in the Mataro valley. -Agrometeorological Forecast for Peru

        Summary of the Studies carried out

        Agrometeorological Bibliography of AR-III
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture

        Agricultural Sanitation Service

        National Institute for Agricultural Research

        National Commission for Aerospatial Development

        La Molina National Agriculture University

        International Potato Center

        Science and Technology Program–FINCyT

        Andean Community

        Food and Agriculture Organization
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Agriculture Promotion Association (ASPA)

        Rural Institute of Valle Grande

        Climate Change Adaptation Plan (CCAP) in Peru

        Agencia Adventista para el Desarrollo y Recursos Asistenciales

        International Centre for Research on El Niño Phenomenon
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals? .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      DSSAT

      CROPSYS

      COLLIER- LHOME – MODELOS EMPÍRICOS

      CROPWAT

      AQUACROP
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Percentage of Normal

      Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI)

      Drought severity index

      Palmer index (PDSI)

      Precipitation Index (Pi)
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      N/A
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Evaluation of heat units for growth and development of hard yellow maize crop (Zea mays L.) in the central coast of Peru.

      Spatial Analysis of phonological behavior of vegetation in the Chira River using high spectral resolution images.

      Analysis of the spectro-temporal behavior of the agricultural crops in the valley of the San juan-Chincha River.

      Comparison of two interpolation methods to estimate air temperature applying geostatistical techniques.

      Climate Change scenarios using regional models for the Peruvian Altiplano (Departament of Puno)

      Atlas of Frost, updated (2010)

      Manual of Phenological observations (2010)

      Referential evapotranspiration Atlas

      Atlas of Evaporation in Peru

      A simple model for minimum crop temperature forescasting during nocturnal cooling

      Agroclimatic study of the cotton in the north and central coast of Peru

      Agroclimatic study of water conditions in the mountain region of Peru

      Agroclimatic study of the Cañete river basin

      Study of drought in the Department of Puno

      Agroclimatic study of the Department of Cuzco

      Agrocimatic description of Peru (Lima, Ica Arequipa Moquegua and Tacna).

      Agroclimatic Study of the Cañete River Basin

      Agroclimatic Study of the cotton plant in the northern and central part of Peru

      Agroclimatic Study of the water conditions in the south mountain region of Peru

      Agrometeorological Study of the Mantaro Valey

      Study of Droughts in Puno

      Agroclimatic Study of Cuzco

      Anise cultivation in the Curuhuasi Valley

      Agroclimatic evaluation of Puno

      Drought Study in Puno
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