National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Japan

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....2
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....N/A
          2. - Class I-II .....N/A
          3. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          4. - Others .....N/A
          5. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....1300
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....1300
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....1300
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....1300
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      hort-range forecast

      one-week forecast

      early warning information on extreme weather (this is issued when a high probability (30% or more) of very high or very low seven-day averaged temperature is predicted.)

      one-month forecast

      three-month forecast

      warm/cold season forecast

      El Niño outlook

      Warning and advisory services for severe weather
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....No
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....No
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        hort-range forecast

        one-week forecast

        early warning information on extreme weather (this is issued when a high probability (30% or more) of very high or very low seven-day averaged temperature is predicted.)

        one-month forecast

        three-month forecast

        warm/cold season forecast

        El Niño outlook

        Warning and advisory services for severe weather
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries

        National Agricultural Research Center
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals? .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....No
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....No
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      N/A
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      N/A
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      The society of Agricultural Meteorology of Japan
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Climate Change Monitoring Report
      This is available on the website of Tokyo Climate Center in JMA (http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/tcc/tcc/products/gwp/gwp.html).

      Annual Report on Climate System
      This is available on the website of Tokyo Climate Center in JMA (http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/tcc/tcc/products/clisys/arcs.html).

      JMA Weather service bulletin (in Japanese)

      JMA technical report (in Japanese)

      Numerical Weather Prediction Training book (in Japanese)

      Seasonal forecast Training book (in Japanese)

      Short-range forecast Training book (in Japanese)

      JMA Journal of meteorological research (in Japanese)
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