National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Croatia

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....4
          2. - Class I-II .....1
          3. - Class III-IV .....3
          4. - Others .....0
          5. - PhD .....0
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....1
          2. - Personal computers .....4
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....2
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....0
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....3
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....50
        2. - New instruments added .....6
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....1
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....55
        2. - New instruments added .....5
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....1
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Assessment of fire weather index

      Assessment of growing degree days

      Assessment of the Palmer index

      Assessment of drought index and SPI

      Agrometeorological forecast

      Data of the phenological phases

      Data of soil temperature

      Specific ECMVF products for agrometeorological forecast for Croatia for the nine next days: soil temperature and volumetric soil water for different levels, solar radiations, insolation duration and evaporation

      Agrometeorological forecasts for TV (three times a week), radio and newspaper (once a week), internet and SMS (twice a week)
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....No
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://meteo.hr
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Agrometeorological Bulletin

        Soil temperature at 5 cm and 20 cm

        Maps of the extreme temperature, insolation duration and precipitation amount

        Temperature sum graphs for different thresholds

        Maps of SPI

        Graphs of dry and wet conditions

        Assessment of the fire weather index
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management

        Ministry of Enviromental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction

        Ministry of Science, Education and Sports

        Ministry of the Interior

        National Protection and Rescue Directorate

        Faculty of Forestry of the Zagreb University

        Faculty of Agriculture of the Zagreb University
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals? .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      University of Oklahoma, 2009: Cost/Benefit Analysis, chapter in the Final Report for the Meteorological and Hydrological Service of the Republic of Croatia – DHMZ modernization project, 258-296.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      A Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT v4)

      The Canadian Model of Fire Weather Index (FWI)

      Model of the Palmer Index

      Model of Growing Degree Days (Temperature Sums)

      Model of SPI

      Statistical model for daily precipitation amount – wet and dry conditions
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Palmer Index

      SPI

      wet and dry conditions
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      Croatian Meteorological Society since 1965
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      DHMZ, 2006–2009: Meteorological and Hydrological Bulletin, No. 1-12

      Eitzinger, J., Thaler, S., Orlandini, S., Nejedlik, P., Kazandjiev, V., Vučetić, V., Sivertsen, T. H.; Mihailović, D. T.; Lalić, B.,Tsiros, E., Dalezios, N., R., Sušnik, A., Kerserbaum, Ch., Holden, N., Matthews, R. (2008): Agroclimatic indices and simulation models, Agroclimatic practices and applications in European regarding climate change impacts, (eds. Nejedlik, P., Oraldini, S.), Florence, European Science Foundation, FP 7, ESSEM, 15–114.

      Vučetić, M., Vučetić, V., 2010: Wildfire weather analysis in Croatia using numerical modelling and products of the Canadian forest fire weather index system, International Workshop on Advances Operational Weather Systems for Fire Danger Rating, Edmonton, Canada, 14–16 July 2008 (submitted)

      Vučetić, V., 2009a: Secular trend analysis of growing degree-days in Croatia. Időjárás, 113, 1–2, 39–46

      Vučetić, V., 2009b: Modelling of maize production and the impact of climate change on maize yields in Croatia, chapter in Climate Variability Modeling Tools and Agricultural Decision Making, (ed. Utset, A.), New York, Nova Science Publishers,195–201.

      Vučetić, V., 2010a: Impact of climate variations and change on plants and on wildfire danger, chapter in the 5th National Communication of Republic Croatia under United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change, Zagreb, 137-151. http://meteo.hr

      Vučetić, V., 2010b: Modelling of maize production in Croatia: present and future climate, The Journal of Agricultural Science – Cambridge (in press)

      Vučetić, V., Ivatek-Šahdan, S., Tudor, M., Kraljević, L., Ivančan-Picek, B., Strelec Mahović, N., 2007: Weather analysis during the Kornat fire 30 August 2007, Croatian Meteorological Journal 42, 41-65.

      Vučetić, V., Vučetić, M., Lončar, Ž., 2008: History and present observations in Croatian plant phenology, The history and current status of plant phenology in Europe (eds. Nekovar, J., Koch, E., Kubin, E., Nejedlik, P., Sparks, T., Wielgolaski, F-E.), Vammalan Kirjapaino Oy,: European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research, 44–50.

      Zaninović, K. Gajić-Čapka, M., Perčec Tadić, M., Vučetić, M., Milković, J., Bajić, A., Cindrić, K., Cvitan, L., Katušin, Z., Kaučić, D., Likso, T., Lončar, E., Lončar, Ž., Mihajlović, D., Pandžić, K., Patarčić, M., Srnec, L., Vučetić, V., 2008: Klimatski atlas Hrvatske / Climate atlas of Croatia 1961-1990., 1971-2000. Zagreb, Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia.
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