National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.




  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....76
          2. - Class I-II .....44
          3. - Class III-IV .....24
          4. - Others .....6
          5. - PhD .....2
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....1
          2. - Personal computers .....41
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....6
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....33
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....29
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Daily weather information with assessment of agrometeorological conditions

      Middle-range (5-8 days) agrometeorological forecasts

      Long-range (monthly) agrometeorological forecasts

      Soil moisture content measurement and irrigation advising

      Phenological development observations and farmers advices

      Issue of monthly bulletin on natioinal level with assessments for past conditions

      Operational assessments of expected yields for basic agricultural crops- wheat, barely, oats, cornflower, maize, potatoes, vegetables, vineyards, etc.
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Monthly hydrological bulletin

        Monthly agrometeorolgical forecasts

        Basic results from investigations provided in NIMH on the field of agrometeorology, agroclimatology, phenology, impact of climate change, mitigation and adaptation of agriculture in Bulgaria, etc.
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture and Foods

        Ministry of Environment and Water

        Ministry of Education and Science

        National Service for Plant Protection

        Ministry of Justice- Prosecutor's and Court Offices
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Insurance Companies

        Farmer's Organizations

        Private TV channels

        Bulgarian Farmers' website:
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....No
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals? .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....No
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Management of autumn crops sowing minimize damages from winter frosts

      Management of spring crops sowing to minimize damage from summer drought

      pest and diseases management in dependence of agrometeorological conditions

      Irrigation management in dependence of soil moisture reserves spend
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.








  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Balance of atmosphere moisturizing

      hydrothermal coefficient of Seliyaninov

      Drought index
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      No agricultural meteorology society. There are the next agricultural associations: Society of grain producers, society of farmers, society of tobacco producers, etc.
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Kazandjiev V., V. Georgieva, M. Moteva 2007. Peculiarity of WOFOST model verification for maize (grain) under the soil and meteorological conditions of Bulgaria, paper on 7-th EMS and 8-th ECAM in El Escorial, Spain.

      Moteva М., V. Kazandjiev, Zh. Zhivkov, V. Georgieva 2007. Investigation of Reference Evapotranspiration under the Climatic Conditions of Bulgaria, Proceedings of ICID 22nd European Regional Conference 2007, 2-7 September 2007, Pavia, Italy.

      M. Moteva, V. Kazandjiev, V. Georgieva 2007. Impact of Climate Change on Reference Evapotranspiration in Bulgaria, paper on 7-th EMS and 8-th ECAM in El Escorial, Spain.

      M. Moteva, V. Georgieva, V. Kazandjiev 2007. Investigation of FAO Penman-Monteith Reference Evapotranspiration over the Territory of Bulgaria, paper on 7-th EMS and 8-th ECAM in El Escorial, Spain.

      Stigter C.J., V. Muthy, A. Argete, R. Grant, H. Yadong, V. Kazandjiev, B. Lalic, S. Nathan, A. Olphant, S. Orlandini, F. Sabatini and T. Sauer 2007. Chapter 2 Agricultural meteorological elements and their observations in GUIDE TO AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGICAL PRACTICES (GAMP), WMO NO. 134,

      Kazandjiev V. 2008. Agroclimatic resources and definition of less favored areas at the beginning of XXI century in Bulgaria, Conference “Global Environmental Change – Challenges to Science and Society in Southwestern Europe”. CD version.

      Kazandjiev V., N. Shopova 2008. Conference “Global Environmental Change – Challenges to Science and Society in Southwestern Europe” CD version.

      Kazandjiev V., V. Georgieva 2008. Climate change and winter wheat soil moisture supply in Bulgaria, Conference “Global Environmental Change – Challenges to Science and Society in Southwestern Europe” CD version.

      Moteva M., V. Kazandjiev, V. Georgieva, 2008. Interaction between the Meteorological Parameters in FAO 56 Penman-Monteith Equation and the Reference Evapotranspiration Estimates,Conference “Global Environmental Change – Challenges to Science and Society in Southwestern Europe” CD version.

      Kazandjiev V., M. Moteva, V. Georgieva 2008. Agroclimatic resources in Bulgaria for field grops growing under irrigated and rain fed conditions, 3-rd BALWOIS Conference, 26-30 May, Ohrid, Macedonia, p.78 and CD version.

      Eitzinger J., S.Thaler, S.Orlandini, P.Nejedlik, V.Kazandjiev, V.Vucetic, T.H.Sivertsen, D.T.Mihailovic, B.Lalic, E.Tsiros, N.R.Dalezios, A.Susnik, Christian K.C.Kersebaum, N.M.Holden, R.Matthews 2008. Agroclimatic Indices and Simulation Models, in “Survey of Agrometeorological Practices and Applications in Europe, Regarding Climate Change Impacts”, ESF, COST 734, 15-114 p.

      Moteva M., V. Georgieva, V. Kazandjiev 2008. Climatically Assured Water Supply for Agricultural Crops in Bulgaria, Journal Agricultural Engineering (JAE), (in press).

      Kazandjiev V. 2008. Phenological observations in Bulgaria, in Collection “Phenological observations in Europe”, under scientific edition of J. Nekovar and T. Spark, COST 725, 200 p.

      Kazandjiev V., N. Shopova, Y. Marinova 2009. Meteorological and Agro-meteorological Conditions during the period 1971-2000 and Growth, Development and Productivity of Crops in Bulgaria, IV-th International Workshop on Applications of Wavelets to Real World, 5-7 June 2009, Kocaeli University, TURKEY

      Georgieva, V., M. Moteva, V. Kazandjiev. 2009. Contemporary Water Supply of Winter Wheat in Southern Bulgaria. Proc. XXХIII CIOSTA, CIGR V Conference “Technology and Management to Ensure Sustainable Agriculture, Agro-Systems, Forestry and Safety”, 17-19 June, 2009, Reggio Calabria, Italy 1265-1270

      Moteva, M., V. Georgieva, V. Kazadjiev, P. Dimitrov. 2009. Atmospheric water supply for the potential evapotranspiration in Bulgaria. ICID 23rd ERC 2009 “Progress in Managing Water for Food and Rural Development”, 18-24 May, Lviv, Ukraine, CD Version

      Kazandjiev V. 2009. Indices characterizing thermal and moisturizing conditions in Bulgaria during 1971-2005 period, International Symposium "Climate Change and Adaptation Options in Agriculture" June 22-23 2009, Vienna, Austria on the WEB

      Kazandjiev V., V. Georgieva, M. Moteva 2009. Climate change, agroclimatic resources and agroclimatic zoning of agriculture in Bulgaria, 2009. 9-th EMS / ECAM Conference, Toulouse, France AW12_EMS2009-543.pdf

      Kazandjiev V., 2009. Climate change and impact on phenological develovpment of some trees in Bulgaria, 9-th EMS / ECAM Conference, Toulouse, France documents/2009/AW12_EMS 2009-543.pdf

      Moteva, M., V. Kazandjiev, V. Georgieva. 2009. Assessment of the contemporary hydro-thermal conditions for crop growing in Bulgaria. Proc. Int. Conf. “Soil Tillage and Ecology”, 1-5 Sept., Albena, Bulgaria, 134-141

      Moteva, M., V. Kazandjiev, V. Georgieva. 2009. Reference evapotranspiration in Bulgaria and the impact of climate change. Proc. 4th Conf. “Energy Efficiency & Agricultural Engineering, 1-3 Oct., Russe, Bulgaria, 287-245

      Eitzinger J., S. Thaler, S. Orlandini, P. Nejedlik, V. Kazandjiev, T. Håkon Sivertsen, D. Mihailovic 2009. Applications of agroclimatic indices and process oriented crop simulation models in European agriculture, IDŐJÁRÁS, Vol. 113, No. 1–2, January–June 2009, pp. 1–12.

      Kazandjiev V., 2009. Indices for characterization thermal and moisture conditions in Bulgaria during 1971-2005 period. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology (in press).


      Moteva. M., V. Kazandjiev, V. Georgieva 2010. Climate change and the hydrothermal and evapotranspiration conditions in the panning regions in Bulgaria in Proceedings of 14-th International water Technology Conference, IWTC, Cairo - Egypt 12 p.
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