National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Argentina

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....3
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....5
          2. - Class I-II .....4
          3. - Class III-IV .....1
          4. - Others .....0
          5. - PhD .....0
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....5
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....0
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....0
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....1
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....34
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....0
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....34
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....0
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      forecast 1 trough 4 days

      10 days Hydric Balance (hydric balance, difference with the previous decade, ETP, precipitation less ETP)

      Evolution of the Hydric balance along 3 years

      Needs of water in the coming 10 days to be: not with drought (Fig3), not at the beginning of drought, in good conditions, starting to have excesses

      Precipitation: accumulated precipitation at different periods of time and its anomaly

      SPI, Quintiles – Deciles

      Number of days with and without precipitation

      NDVI

      heliophany

      Temperature maximum, mean end extreme and minimum mean and extreme, mean temperature

      Degree Days for 5, 10 and 13ºC

      Number of days with minimum temperature below 2ºC and 10ºC, and over 20ºC, and maximum temperature above 30ºC

      State of Major Crops in the wheat region

      Precipitation and temperature three month tendency forecast

      Monthly bulletin
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....No
      3. - Radio and TV .....No
      4. - Press releases .....No
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....No
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.smn.gov.ar
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        forecast 1 trough 4 days

        10 days Hydric Balance (hydric balance, difference with the previous decade, ETP, precipitation less ETP)

        Evolution of the Hydric balance along 3 years

        Needs of water in the coming 10 days to be: not with drought (Fig3), not at the beginning of drought, in good conditions, starting to have excesses

        Precipitation: accumulated precipitation at different periods of time and its anomaly

        SPI, Quintiles – Deciles

        Number of days with and without precipitation

        NDVI

        heliophany

        Temperature maximum, mean end extreme and minimum mean and extreme, mean temperature

        Degree Days for 5, 10 and 13ºC

        Number of days with minimum temperature below 2ºC and 10ºC, and over 20ºC, and maximum temperature above 30ºC

        State of Major Crops in the wheat region

        Precipitation and temperature three month tendency forecast

        Monthly bulletin
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. Presidency of the Nation (MAGyP)

        Office of Agricultural Risk, MAGyP (ORA)

        National Commission for Emergency and Disaster Agricultural (MAGyP)

        Ministry of Economy Presidency of the Nation

        Government of the Province of Chaco

        Government of the Province of Santa Fe

        National Institute of Agricultural Technology MAGyP
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Sancor Seguros

        Rural Channel
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....No
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals? .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      N/A
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Agrometeorological drought: Water Balance
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      Argentine Society of Agrometeorology
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Núñez L.N., G.P. Podestá. 2006: Precipitación anual, estacional y mensual vs períodos móviles. XI Reunión Argentina de Agrometeorología: La Agrometeorología y el desarrollo local., La Plata. Argentina. 169-170.

      Weber, E., G. Bernaudo, F. Bert, K. Broad, G. Caputo, A. Celis, W. Easterling, H. Herzer, C. Hidalgo, R. Katz, C. Laciana, D. Letson, A. Menéndez, C. Natenzon, L. Núñez, S. Núñez, D. Olson, R. Pulwarty, G. Podestá, B. Rajagopalan, M. Re, F. Ruiz Toranzo, E. Satorre, M. Skansi, and C. Villanueva, 2006: Agricultural Decision-Making in the Argentine Pampas: Modeling the Interaction between Uncertain and Complex Environments and Heterogeneous and Complex Decision Makers”. Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) Workshop on Decision Modeling and Behavior in Uncertain and Complex Environments. Tucson, Arizona, February 27-28, 2006.

      Weber, E., G. Bernaudo, F. Bert, K. Broad, G. Caputo, A. Celis, W. Easterling, H. Herzer, C. Hidalgo, R. Katz, C. Laciana, D. Letson, A. Menéndez, C. Natenzon, L. Núñez, S. Núñez, D. Olson, R. Pulwarty, G. Podestá, B. Rajagopalan, M. Re, F. Ruiz Toranzo, E. Satorre and M. Skansi, 2006: Different Objectives of Agricultural Decisions in the Argentine Pampas: Do Farmers Maximize Expected Utility, Regret-Adjusted Expected Utility, or the Prospect Theory Value Function?” Judgement and Decision Making Seminar, University College, London, 31 May 2006.

      Bert, F.E., Podestá, G., Satorre, E., Rajagopalan, B., Apipattanavis, S., Núñez, L., Laciana, C., Weber, E. and Letson. D. 2006. Inter-decadal climate variability in the Argentinean Pampas: impacts of plausible future scenarios on agricultural systems. Open Science Conference of the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP), Beijing, China, 9-12 November 2006.

      Berríos Cáceres, Silvia, Gonzalez Morinigo, E. Carolina, Núñez, Liliana N., Pérez, Silvia, Sierra, Eduardo y Skansi, María. ex aequo. 2008. Desarrollo de un sistema de monitoreo de un balance hidrológico seriado para el S.M.N. XII Reunión Argentina de Agrometeorología. 8 al 10 de Octubre del 2008. Jujuy. Argentina.

      Núñez, Liliana; Núñez, Silvia y Berríos Cáceres, Silvia. 2008. “El índice de aridez en el NOA”. XII Reunión Argentina de Agrometeorología, San Salvador de Jujuy, Argentina, 8 al 10 de octubre de 2008.

      Núñez, L., Berríos Cáceres, S., Morinigo, C., Ogdon, G. 2009. EVALUACIÓN DEL AÑO 2008 MEDIANTE EL ÍNDICE DE ARIDEZ. CONGREMET X. CLIMET XIII. 5 al 9 de octubre 2009. CABA. Argentina.

      Núñez, L., Morinigo, C., Berríos Cáceres, S., Ogdon, G. 2009. Temperatura en el abrigo meteorológico, sobre el suelo y a distintas profundidades del mismo. CONGREMET X. CLIMET XIII. 5 al 9 de octubre 2009. CABA. Argentina.

      Núñez, Liliana. 2009. Overview of drought indices at Argentine national meteorological Service. Inter.-Regional Workshop on Indices and Early Warning Systems for Drought. Lincoln, Nebrasca. 8 al 11 de diciembre de 2009.
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