National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Spain

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....1
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....9
          2. - Class I-II .....7
          3. - Class III-IV .....2
          4. - Others .....1
          5. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....1
          2. - Personal computers .....10
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....8
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....8
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....3
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....25
        2. - New instruments added .....1
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....450
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Weekly agrometeorological bulletin
      Decadal water balance bulletin
      Local quantitative deterministic and probabilistic forecasts of different meteorological parameters (daily)
      Frost probability (daily)

      Specific forecasts or forest fire prevention and control. Generation of maps of forest fires risk forecasting values (daily)

      Drought monitoring products based on SPI (maps and graphics) : monthly updated
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....N/A
      2. - Brochures .....No
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....No
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.aemet.es
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Water balance elements (updated every ten-days)
        Local quantitative deterministic and probabilistic forecasts of different meteorological parameters for all the Spanish villages and towns.


        Agrometeorological bulletin (only intranet)


        Drought maps and graphics based on SPI drought index (intranet)
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture

        National and Regional Forestry Services
        National Hydrological Service
        Civil Protection Autorithy
        Polithechnic University of Madrid
        State Agency of Agrarian Insurance (ENESA)
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals? .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      The economic value obtained from the local probabilistic quantitative forecasts of some meteorological parameters of interest for the agrarian sector is routinely assessed
      Economic value obtained from meteorological fire danger index forecasts.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      National water balance model (irrigation needs assessment)
      Meteorological wildfire risk assessment and prediction
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      SPI (mainly SPI 3 and SPI 6)
      Soil moisture compared with Soil Water Capacity
      Soil moisture anomaly
      Percentage of precipitation compared with normal value (different time scales)
      Quintiles
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      N/A
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      “Meteorological Information as input in agrometeorological models: Analysis of the potential use of data from Numerical Weather Models in agrometeorology. A. Mestre (2006). in “Meteorology Applications for Agriculture”. Pp 5-47. Eds. G.Maracchi, A. Mestre, L. Toulios, L.Kajfez Bogataj and A.Hocevar. Cost 718 Action, COST Office, 2006.

      La observación meteorológica en agrometeorología y climatología. De Cara J.A y Mestre. A (2006). Oral presentation in “XXIX Jornadas Científicas de la AME: Aplicaciones Meteorológicas”. Pamplona, Spain. 24-26 de Abril de 2006. Pgs. 70-72.

      “European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern”. A. Menzel, T.Sparks, N. Estrella, E.Koch, A. Aaasa, R.Aha , P.Bisolli, O. Braslavska, A.Briede, F. Chmielewski, Z.Crepinsek, Y. Curnell, A. Slo Dahlk, C. Defila, A. Donnelly, Y. Filella, K. Jatcza, F. Mage, A. Mestre, Øyvind Nordel, J. Peñuela, P. Pirinen, V. Remisova, H. Scheifinger, M. Strizz, A. Susnik, A. Van Vliet, F. E. Wielgolaski, S. Zach, and A Zust. In Global Change Biology (2006) 12, 1969–1976.

      “Estudio sobre precipitaciones máximas diarias y sus período de retorno para un conjunto seleccionado de estaciones pluviométricas de España” (2006). INM: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente.

      “Phenological observations in the Spanish National Institute of Meteorology”. J.A de Cara y A. Mestre. “European Conference of Applied Climatology”. Ljubljana, Septiembre de 2006. Poster .

      La sequía meteorológica: caracterización y predicción. A. Mestre. Oral presentation in “V Congreso de la Asociación Española de Climatología (AEC)”. Mesa redonda sobre clima, agua y sequía, Zaragoza, 20 de Septiembre de 2006.

      “Los fenómenos meteorológicos extremos en España”.. A. Mestre. Oral presentation in 3rd
      Congreso Nacional de Ingeniería Civil, Territorio y Medio Ambiente. Mesa redonda sobre riesgos naturales e infraestructuras. Zaragoza, 25 de octubre de 2006.

      Economical value of two meteorological wildfire risk indexes in Spain. M. Manta, A. Mestre
      and D.X. Viegas. Proceedings of the V International Conference on Forest Fire Research. D. X. Viegas (Ed.), 2006. Figueira da Foz (Portugal), 27-30 November 2006.

      “Climate information for water resources management in Spain”. A. Mestre, J.V Moreno and M. Lazcano. Poster. “ Conference on Social and Economic benefits of Weather, Climate and Water Services”. Madrid, 19-22 March 2007.

      Apoyo meteorológico del INM a la lucha contra los incendios forestales: Actualización y mejora en colaboración con la D.G.B. A. Mestre, M- Allué, C. Peral y M. Lazcano. IV International Conference on Forest Fires. Sevilla, 14-17 de Marzo de 2007.

      Description of the type state of spring phases in some fruits trees on the BBCH code. J. A de Cara, C. Luiz López and A. Mestre. Poster presented to the 7ª EMS Annual Meeting and 8th European Conference of Applications of Meteorology. El Escorial 1-5 de Octubre de 2007.

      Description of the type state of spring phases in some pip fruits trees (apple tree and pear-tree) on the BBCH code. J. A de Cara, C. Luiz López and A. Mestre. Poster presented to the 7ª EMS Annual Meeting and 8th European Conference of Applications of Meteorology. El Escorial 1-5 de Octubre de 2007.

      Improving the INM meteorological support for wildfire prevention and fighting in Spain. A. Mestre, M. Allué, C. Peral and M. Lazcano. Poster presented to the 7ª EMS Annual Meeting and 8th European Conference of Applications of Meteorology. El Escorial 1-5 de Octubre de 2007.

      El seguimiento de la sequía en estaciones y sobre grandes cuencas a través del uso del índice SPI. Antonio Mestre , Jose Vicente Moreno . Proceedings of the XXX Jornadas Científicas de la Asociación Meteorológica Española y 9º Encuentro Hispano-Luso de Meteorología (Zaragoza, 6-8 de Mayo de 2008).

      Adaptación del código BBCH a la observación fenológica del INM. J. Antonio de Cara García (1), Carlos Ruiz López (2) y Antonio Mestre Barceló (1). Proceedings of the XXX Jornadas Científicas de la Asociación Meteorológica Española y 9º Encuentro Hispano-Luso de Meteorología (Zaragoza, 6-8 de Mayo de 2008).

      “Predicción de eventos extremos de pólenes alergénicos en la Comunidad de Madrid” J.L. Camacho, D. Cano, P. Cervigón, A.M. Gutiérrez, J. Subiza. Proceedings of the XXX Jornadas Científicas de la Asociación Meteorológica Española y 9º Encuentro Hispano-Luso de Meteorología (Zaragoza, 6-8 de Mayo de 2008).

      Phenological observations at the Spanish Meteorological Service (INM): A brief story and present status. J. A de Cara, 2008. in “The history and current status of plan phenology in Europe” COST Action 725. COST Office, 2008. pp 156-161.

      Trend analysis of long series of agroclimatic parameters in Spain. Antonio Mestre. Simposium on Climate Change and Climate Variability: agrometeorological monitoring and Response strategies- COST 7 34/ WMO Oscarborg ( Noruega) 4-6 June 2008.

      Sumarizing a questionnaire on trends of agorlcimatic indices and simulations model outputs in Europe. V. Alexandrov; E. Mateescu, A. Mestre, M. Kepinska-Kasprack, V. di Stefano y N. Dalezios. En “ Survey of Agrometeorological Practices and Applications in Europe regarding Climate Changes Impacts”. COST Action 734 – CLIVAGRI, ESSEM. Eds P.Nedjelik y S. Orlandini, Julio de 2008.

      Operational Fire Danger System in Spain. Operational Fire Danger Rating System in Spain. Antonio Mestre, M. Allue, C. Peral, R. Santamaría and M. Lazcano. International Workshop on Advances in Operational Weather Systems for Fire Danger Rating. GOFC-GOLD/WMO. Edmonton (Canada), 14-16 July 2008.

      Plant phenological trends in South Spain: response to climate change. García-Mozo, H., Galán, C. & Mestre, A. 4th ESA 2008 European Symposium on Aerobiology, Turku, Finland: 12-16 August 2008.

      Impacto del Cambio Climático sobre los ecosistemas forestales. A. Mestre y Juan Antonio de Cara. “Predicciones de Cambio Climático y Vegetación”. Proceedings of the 1er Seminario del WCRP-Diversitas (comité español)”. Valencia, 27-28 de Noviembre de 2008. Universidad de Valencia. Ed. Gloria Fernández, Mª José Estrela y Joaquín Meliá.

      Sumarizing a questionnaire on trends of agorlcimatic indices and simulations model outputs in Europe. V. Alexandrov; E. Mateescu, A. Mestre, M. Kepinska-Kasprack, V. di Stefano y N. Dalezios. En “ Survey of Agrometeorological Practices and Applications in Europe regarding Climate Changes Impacts”. COST Action 734 – CLIVAGRI, ESSEM. Eds P.Nedjelik y S. Orlandini, Julio de 2008.

      Choice and description of a climatically representative area in central Spain for phenological observation. de Cara García J. A y Mestre Barceló A. Poster presented in the ” Final Conference of COST 725 “bringing together vegetation phenologist and climatologist” Geisenheim (Alemania), 10-12 Marzo 2009.


      Características agroclimáticas de la vid. Juan Antonio de Cara. Calendario Meteorológico. AEMET 2010.

      Notas para la Observación Fenológica de la Vid: Descripción de los estadios tipo de desarrollo de Vitis vinifera L. Juan Antonio de Cara . Calendario Meteorológico 2010 AEMET

      El seguimiento de la sequía en estaciones y sobre grandes cuencas a través del uso del índice SPI. Antonio Mestre , Jose Vicente Moreno . “Revista de la Asociación Meteorológica Española”. Enero de 2009

      Monitorización de la humedad del suelo en tres observatorios meteorológicos (Campaña 2007-2008). Botey .R. J and J. Pérez, 2009. 102 pp. AEMET. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino.

      Phenological trends in southern Spain: a response to climate change. García-Mozo, H, Mestre, A. & Galán, C. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150 (2010) 575–580. April 2010. Elsevier.

      Comparing different instrumentation for measuring soil water content in a typical haploxeralf in central Spain. Botey .R. J and J. Pérez, 2009. 10 pp. Transactions of the Third International Symposium on Soil Water Measurement isng Capacitance, Impedance and Time Domain Transmission. April 7-9, 2010. Murcia (Spain).

      The Meteorological Drought Monitoring System in AEMET based on SPI. Mestre A WMO/UNISDR Expert Meeting on Agricultural Drought Indices Murcia, Spain
2-4 June 2010.
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