National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Kazakhstan

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....0
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....120
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....120
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Decade Agrometeorological Bulletin throughout the Territory of Kazakhstan

      Forecast of available soil moisture at the beginning of spring fieldwork

      Forecast of optimal time of spring crop sowing in grain crop growth zone

      Information on the agrometeorological conditions of winter crop growth

      Information on the actual soil moisture in the spring from Kazhydromet Network

      Forecast of the time of spring crop ripening Kazakhstan

      Forecasts of crop capacity of spring crop in Kazakhstan

      Forecasts of agrometeorological conditions of crop harvesting in Kazakhstan

      Information on the conditions of crop disease and pest development depending on weather conditions
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....No
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        No
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        N/A
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan

        Ministry of Environmental Protection
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Grain Development “Glencore”

        National Food Corporations

        Other Users
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      First National Communication of Republic of Kazakhstan under UNFCCC

      World Bank region of Europe and Central Asia, Department of Economic and Social Sustainable Development, Drought and an estimation of management and mitigation of the effects for the Countries of Central Asia and Caucasus. Report No. 31-998-ECA March 14, 2005.
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      The profit received from the Ministry of Agriculture by Kazhydromet:
      2003 - 4.5 mln KZT
      2004 – 12.5 mln KZT
      2005 - 19.5 mln KZT
      2006 - 21.2 mln KZT
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Statistical Methods

      Dynamical-Statistical Models

      WOFOST 7.1 – Users Guide for the crop growth simulation model

      Technology from control and value from soil moisture
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Experience of application of various methods at forecasting productivity of summer grain crops in Kazakhstan, Almaty. 2001.

      The theme of scientific research work: To estimate agrometeorological conditions of land improvement of vegetation of pastures of desert and semi-desert zones of the union of the Soviet Socialist Republci (Kazahhstan). The Kazakh Scientific Research Institute of Monitoring and Preservation of the Environment. 1988.

      The theme of scientific research work: To develop a method of calculation of a stock of forages, capacities and rational use of pastures of Kazakhstan on a basis agrometeorological information. The Kazakh Scientific Research Institute of Monitoring and Preservation of the Environment. 1988.

      The stall period, birth of sheeps, race and other economic actions. Almaty. 1995.

      Agrometeorological substantation of rational use of pastures (by the example of separate types of pastures of Almaty area), Almaty, 1998.

      Economic efficiency of agrometeorological substantations of creation of teh
      improved pastures. The Kazakh Research Hydrometeorological Institute, 1989.

      Recommendations under the account of weather conditions at land improvement of vegetation of pastures and to seed renewal of plants. The Kazakh Research Hydrometeorological Institute, 1989.

      Rational use of field with forage crops. The Kazakh Research Hydrometeorological Institute, 1989.
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