National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Venezuela

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....0
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....14
          2. - Class III-IV .....3
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....1
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....10
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....2
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
          5. - Vehicles .....10
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....3
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....2
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....15
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....50
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....6
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....6
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....20
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological bulletins, National Institute of Agricultural Investigations (INIA), Ministry of the Atmosphere (MARN)

      Agrometeorological prognoses, MARN

      Projects of investigation (INIA, MARN)

      Consultancies in Agrometeorology

      Functions of institutions (MARN)
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....No
      2. - Radio and TV .....No
      3. - Press releases .....No
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.marn.gob.ve
        www.inia.gob.ve
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        N/A
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Universities (Masters and Doctorates)

        Exchange of information with Air Force of Venezuela, Ministry of the Environment, EDELCA
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Producer Associations

        Agricultural Cooperatives

        Missions
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....No
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....N/A
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Climatic methodology for the selection of Models of General Circulation of the Atmosphere, First Climatic National Communication of Venezuela. Project MARN-UNDP 00/G31, Direction of Hydrology and Meteorology SEE, National Ministry of the Atmosphere and Resources. Caracas, Venezuela. MAT 2003. Agricultural Statistics.

      Integrated Management of Silvopastoral system to increase animal productivity and to reduce environmental deterioration.

      Maps of Arid, semi-arid, and sub-humid zones of Latin America and the Caribbean
      Integration of agro-ecological data in the North of the Orinico, Venezuela

      Development of an integrated system of evaluation and transference of
      sustainable agriculture practical system management.
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      N/A
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Arias, I. y J. Riero "Diagnostico regional - Caracterization agro agroclimatic de le regin oriental de Guarico." 68 pginas.

      Brito, P. y Brito, J. "Caracterization agroclimatic de los llanos occidentales y sus relaciones con el ciclo del cultivo del maz." 125 paginas.

      Burgos, J. Aptitud agroclimatic y planificacion de siembra da papa en la region Andina Venezolana." 19 paginas.

      Burgos, J. "Estimation del regimen termico de Venezuela por el metodo de los gradientes medianos de De Fina y Sabella."

      Burgos, J. "Elementos del balance hidrolgico y los tipos de clima de Venezuela estimados por el metodo de Thornthwaite (1948-55)."

      Burgos, J., E. Gonzlez, J. Sanchez Carrillo. "Estimation de la radiacion global en Venezuela."

      Burgos, J., A. Gamez, C.E. Len, H. Wiedenhofer. "Regiones bioclimaticas para la ganadera en Venezuela."

      Cortez, A., O. Francisco, M. Rodrguez, C. J. Rey, M.C. Nunez. 2005. Variabilidad temporal a nivel anual y mensual en parametros climticos en un campo experimental. Agronoma Tropical. Volumen 55, No. 3.

      Cortez, A., L. Aceves, R. Arteaga, M. Vzquez. 2005. Zonificacion Agroecolgica del cultivo del aguacate en la zona central de Venezuela. Terra Lationamericana Volumen 23, No. 2, 159-166.

      Fonaiap. "Diagnostico agro ecolgico preliminar de las areas del pas al notre del rio Orinoco". 137 paginas.

      Grasi, C. "Estimacion de los ojos consuntivos de agua y requerimientos de riego etc." 130 paginas.

      MARN. 2005. Primera cominicacion Nacional en Cambio Climtico de Venezuela. Proyecto MARN-PNUD-GEF-VEN00G31. Subcontracto No. SC-04135/12. Caracas, Venezuela. 135 paginas.

      Martelo, M.T. 2003. "Metodologa para la seleccion de Modelos de Circulacion General de la Atmosfera y Escenarios Climaticos a incluir en la Primera Comumicacion Nacional en Cambio Climtico de Venezuela." Proyecto MARN-PNUD VEN/00/G31, Direccion de Hidrologia y Meteorologa, MARN, Caracas, Venezuela. 51 p.

      Prez, L. O., "Estudio agro climtico del estado Anzotegui." 26 paginas.
      Plasentis, I. "Balance de agua y sales bajo las condiciones de clima, suelos y aguas predominates. En las zonas de Venezuela." 38 paginas.

      Puche, M., O. Silva, y R. Warcnok. 2004. Evaluacion del efecto del cambio climtico sobre cultivos anuales en Venezuela. UCV-Fac. de Agronoma.

      Ramrez, L. "Desarrollo de un procedimiento para determinar variaciones espaciales y en tiempo de la precipitacion en Venezuela." 113 paginas.

      Sanchez Carillo, J. "El Viento." 40 paginas.

      Sanchez Carillo, J. "La temperatura minima cerca del suelo en mucuchies."

      Sanchez Carrillo, J., A. Monteagudo, C. Sierio. "Distribution de la presion atmosfrica en el superficie y en la altura sobre Venezuela."
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