National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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United Kingdom

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....2
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....0
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....1
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....125
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....75
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....125
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....85
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      MORECS – a national evaporation and soil moisture balance model

      BlightWatch – a national potato late blight warning servive, interpolated to postal areas

      Raspberry Cane Midge – a warning system based upon accumulated soil temperatures

      Leaf Fall Modelling – a low rail-head adhesion warning system for the railway industry

      Dispersion modelling (odour) – for intensive livestock farms (land use planning issues)

      Weekly Weather Summaries – national weather summaries for the arable sector

      Arable DS – weather feeds for an arable crops decision support system

      Ammonia emissions and deposition modelling for protected ecology sites
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....No
      3. - Press releases .....No
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....No
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        No
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Potato late blight warnings on http://www.potatocrop.com/
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        ADAS

        Dept of Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA)

        Central Science Laboratory (CSL)

        Scottish Crops Research Institute (SCRI)

        Horticultural Research International (HRI)
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....No
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....No
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....No
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....No
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....No
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      The importance of weather and agronomic factors for the over-winter survival of yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis) and subsequent disease risk in England and Wales. P. Gladders, S. Langton, I. A. Barrie, N. V. Hardwick, M. C. Taylor & N. D. Paveley. (Ann App Biology, submitted)
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Potato Late Blight - Smith Periods

      Raspberry Cane Midge emergence timing prediction

      MORECS (national evaporation and soil moisture model)

      T-Sums to optimise timing of grassland N applications

      Arable DS - winter wheat fungicide decision support system

      Leaf fall and low adhesion predictive model (for the railway industry)

      ISC-AERMOD and ADMS - atmospheric dispersion models
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      The importance of weather and agronomic factors for the over-winter survival of yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis) and subsequent disease risk in England and Wales. P. Gladders, S. Langton, I. A. Barrie, N. V. Hardwick, M. C. Taylor & N. D. Paveley. (Ann App Biology, submitted)

      Hossell, JE. (in press) Adapting UK Agriculture to climate change, Special Example 5 in Agroecosystems in a Changing Climate. CRC series on Advances in Agroecosystems. p335-40

      Berry, PM, Harrison, PA, Hossell, JE. Riding, AE,Viles, HA, Brown, I and Harford, C (2001) Characterising the bioclimatic classification, Chapter 3 In: Harrison, P.A., Berry, P.M. and Dawson, T.P. (Eds.) (2001). Climate Change and Nature Conservation in Britain and Ireland: Modelling natural resource responses to climate change (the MONARCH project). UKCIP Technical Report, Oxford. p23-42

      Sylvester-Bradley, R. & Foulkes, M.J. (2003). Wheat varieties and diminishing UK water supplies. Journal of the UK Irrigation Association 31, 9-11.

      Sylvester-Bradley, R., Foulkes, J. & Reynolds, M. (2005). Future wheat yields: evidence, theory and conjecture. pp. 233-260 In Yields of farmed species: constraints and opportunities in the 21st century. Eds. R. Sylvester-Bradley & J. Wiseman. Nottingham University Press.

      Kettlewell, P. S., Stephenson, D. B., Atkinson, M. D. and Hollins, P. D. (2003). Summer rainfall and wheat grain quality: relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Weather 58: 155-163.

      Atkinson, M. D., Kettlewell, P. S., Hollins, P. D., Stephenson, D. B. and Hardwick, N. V. (2005) Summer climate mediates UK wheat quality response to winter North Atlantic Oscillation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 130: 27-37.

      Hossell, JE (2001). Review of the implications of climate change for UK habitat and species conservation policy. DETR, www.defra.gov.uk/wildlife-countryside/ewd/rrrpac/lreview/index.htm. pp63.
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