National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Spain

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....1
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....7
          2. - Class III-IV .....3
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....2
          2. - Personal computers .....10
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....2
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....8
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....1
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....23
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....300
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....23
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....300
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorogical bulletin

      Phenological data and information

      National Water Balance

      Local quantitative deterministic and probabilistic forecasts of different meteorological parameters

      Frost probability

      Specific forecastfor forest fire prevention and control. Generation of maps of forest fires risk forecasting values
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....No
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.inm.es
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Water balance elements (updated every ten-days)

        Local quantitative deterministic and probabilistic forecasts of different meteorological parameters for all the Spanish villages and towns.

        Agrometeorological bulletin (only intranet)

        Drought maps based on SPI drought index (intranet)
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture

        National and Regional Forestry Services

        National Hydrological Service

        Civil Protection Autorithy

        Polithechnic University of Madrid
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....No
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      N/A
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      The economic value obtained from the local probabilistic quantitative forecasts of some meteorological parameters of interest for the agrarian sector is routinely assessed. (activities to applying this approach to more specific agro-meteorological applications are in progress).
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      National water balance model (irrigation needs assessment)

      Meteorological wildfire risk assessment and prediction
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      “Agro-meteorología y Fenología” (2005). in Calendario Meteorológico. Published by Ministerio de Medio Ambiente (Spain).

      “Curvas Intensidad-Duración-Frecuencia” (2003). Ed. INM; Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Madrid (Spain)

      “Estudio sobre precipitaciones máximas diarias y sus período de retorno para un conjunto seleccionado de estaciones pluviométricas seleccionadas de España” (2006). Ministerio de Medio Ambiente (in press).

      “La información y las predicciones meteorológicas como apoyo a la toma de decisiones en el sector agrario” Mestre. A (2003). In “Riesgos Climáticos e Impacto Ambiental” pp 264-283. Ed. Complutense, Madrid 2003.

      “Formación en el INM en material de aplicaciones a los sectores agrario e hidrológico”. Mestre. A (2003). Proceedings of the WMO Symposium on New Perspectives of Education and training in Meteorology and Hidrology pp 85-93. Madrid, Spain 21-24 April 2003.

      “La predicción meteorológica y su aplicación al sector agrario”. Mestre. A (2004). Jornadas de Meteorología Agrícola. Madrid, Spain 16-18 March 2004.

      “Mapa de precipitaciones máximas de España”. Mestre. A (2004). Seminario Iberoamericano de Información y Pronóstico Hidrometeorológico (coorganised by the WMO; INM and Water General Direction). Valencia (Spain) 29 March-2 April 2004.

      “Meteorología e Incendios forestales: El papel de los Servicios Meteorológicos Nacionales en el apoyo a la prevención de incendios forestales. Mestre.A (2004) Revista Ambienta. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Julio 2004.

      “Las aplicaciones meteorológicas en el contexto del nuevo milenio”. Mestre.A (2004). In El Instituto Nacional de Meteorología: Un reto tecnológico pp 93-115. Ed. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Spain. 2004

      “Características climáticas de los hayedos ibéricos”. De Cara J.A (2002). Calendario Meteorológico 2002. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Págs. 247-252.

      “Características climáticas de los robledales ibéricos de Q. robur y Q. Petraea”. De Cara J.A (2003) . Calendario Meteorológico 2003. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Págs. 239-245.

      “Características climáticas de los pinares ibéricos de Pinus uncinata Miller ex Mirbell”. De Cara J.A (2004). Calendario Meteorológico 2004. Págs. 243-248.

      “Características ecológicas y climáticas de los pinares ibéricos de P. Sylvestris”. De Cara J.A (2005). Calendario Meteorológico 2005. Págs. 277-283.

      “Características ecológicas y climáticas de los robledales de Quercus pyrenaia Willd”. De Cara J.A (2006). Calendario Meteorológico 2006 Pags. 267-274.

      La observación fenológica en agrometeorología . De Cara J.A (2006) Revista AMBIENTA Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Spain. nº 53 March 2006. Pag. 64-70.

      Texto y mapas de fenología del Atlas Nacional de España. Sección II Climatología. De Cara J.A, Gallego.T and Gómez.M (2004). Ministerio deFomento. Dirección General del Instituto Geográfico Nacional, Spain 2004. Pags. 9 -20.

      La observación meteorológica en agrometeorología y climatología. De Cara J.A and Mestre. A (2006). Proceedings of the “XXIX Jornadas Científicas de la AME: Aplicaciones Meteorológicas”. Pamplona, Spain 24-26 April 2006. Pgs. 70-72.

      “The operational water balance of the INM: A Climate tool for the agrarian sector”. Mestre. A and Moreno J.V. 5th European Conference on Applied Climatology (ECAC) .Nice, 26-30 September 2004.

      “Short and Medium Range Weather Forecasts for Operational Use in Agrometerological Applications “. Mestre. A (2004). pp 7-14 in “Online Agrometeorological Applications with Decision Support on the Farm Level”(Iver Thysen &Andrej Hocevar,ed . Cost Action 718. Dina Research Report Nº 109.Tjele, Denmark. October 2004.

      “Climate information supporting water management resources in Spain”. Mestre. A, Moreno. J.V and Lazcano. M (2005) . WMO Technical Conference on Climate as a resource. Beijing, 1-2 November 2005.

      “ Short and Medium Range Forecasts for Agriculture based on the post-processing of ECMWF-EPS outputs” Mestre.A (2004). Proceedings of the WMO/COST Expert Meeting on Weather, Climate and Farmers, 15-18 November 2004, Geneve

      Cálculo de coeficientes de precipitación areal con datos de precipitación máxima anual en 24 horas en puntos de rejilla de la península ibérica e islas Baleares. Lazcano. M (2005). Proceedings of the 4th Simposio de Meteorología e Geofísica da APMG. Sesimbra (Portugal), 14-17 February 2005.

      “Aplicación de las predicciones meteorológicas probabilistas al sector agrario”. Mestre.A (2005). Proceedings of the “4th Simposio de Meteorología e Geofísica da APMG”. Sesimbra (Portugal), 14-17 February 2005.

      “Rainfall spatialisation”. Mestre.A (2005). pp 191-217 in “Use and availability of meteorological information from different sources as input in agrometeorological models” ed by Maracchi.G, Mestre. A, Toulios. L and Gozzini. B. COST 718.

      “Meteorology data available on the internet for agrometeorology and general data application”. Lazcano.M. pp 100-179 in “Use and availability of meteorological information from different sources as input in agrometeorological models” ed by Maracchi.G, Mestre.A, Toulios.L and Gozzini.B. COST 718.
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