National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Slovenia

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....2
          2. - Class III-IV .....5
          3. - Others .....6
          4. - PhD .....3
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....3
          2. - Personal computers .....17
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....4
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....10
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....61
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....1
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....16
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....63
        2. - New instruments added .....2
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....1
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....16
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological monthly reports – Monthly Bulletin EARS

      Agricultural monthly reviews

      Monthly data on regular phenological observations

      Daily agrometeorological information and forecast at Internet web

      Brochures and info pamphlets

      Press releases – newspapers, reviews, professional papers, radio, TV, Teletext
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.arso.gov.si
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        All types of phenological data (long term, last year, last month)

        Agrometeorological forecast of sunshine duration, precipitation, wind velocity and air temperature for next day

        Spring frost in Slovenia (Pamphlet)

        Estimate of vulnerability of crop production on agricultural drought (Pamphlet)
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food

        University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty

        University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics

        Agricultural Institute of Slovenia

        Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        @- Forum

        SDNO - Slovene Society for Irrigation and Drainage
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      RAKOVEC J., ZUPANČIČ B., CEGNAR T., SUŠNIK A., ROGELJ D., UHAN J.,, BERGAN, K.,, KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ L. 1999. Spremembe in trendi v Sloveniji izmerjenih meteoroloških in fenoloških količin ter priprava scenarijev za spremembo podnebja. Ljubljana, Fakulteta za matematiko in fiziko, Oddelek za fiziko, Katedra za meteorologijo, Hidrometeorološki zavod, Biotehniška fakulteta. V, 134 str., ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 14283047]

      KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ L., SUŠNI A., ČREPINŠEK Z., BERGANT K., KURNIK B., MATAJC I.,ROGELJ D., CEGNA T., ŽUST A., DOLINAR M., PEČENKO A., GREGORIČ G., ROŠKAR J. 2003. Ranljivost slovenskega kmetijstva in gozdarstva na podnebno spremenljivost in ocena predvidenega vpliva. Ljubljana, Ministrstvo za okolje, prostor in energijo, Agencija Republike Slovenije za okolje. 146 str., ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 3868537]

      BERGAN K., KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ L., SUŠNIK A., CEGNAR T., ČREPINŠEK Z., KURNIK B.,, DOLINAR M., GREGORIČ G., ROGELJ D., ŽUST A., MATAJC I., ZUPANČIČ B., PEČENKO A. 2004. Spremembe podnebja in kmetijstvo v Sloveniji. Ljubljana, Agencija Republike Slovenije za okolje. 40 str., ilustr. ISBN 961-6024-15-9. [COBISS.SI-ID 213417472]

      KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ L., BERGANT K., ČREPINŠEK Z., CEGNAR T., SUŠNIK A. 2004. Scenarij podnebnih sprememb v Sloveniji kot temelj za oceno ogroženosti z vremensko pogojenimi naravnimi nesrečami v prihodnosti. Zaključno poročilo o rezultatih opravljenega raziskovalnega dela na projektu ciljnega raziskovalnega programa (CRP), Konkurenčnost Slovenije 2001-2006. Ljubljana, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za agronomijo. [65] f., ilustr., grafični prikazi. [COBISS.SI-ID 4130169]

      BERGANT K., KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ L., SUŠNIK A., CEGNAR T., ČREPINŠEK Z., KURNIK B., DOLINAR M., GREGORIČ G., ROGELJ D., ŽUST A., MATAJC I., ZUPANČIČ B., PEČENKO A. 2006. It is not too late if farmers act now. Ljubljana, Agencija Republike Slovenije za okolje. 40 str., ilustr..
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Inquiry on Use of Agrometeorological Information

      Vulnerability of Slovene Agriculture and Forestry to Climate Change and Estimation of its Influence
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Irrfib – Irrigation forecast

      TOL – Leaf wetness duration

      PLASMO – Downy mildew
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Sušnik A., Kurnik B. 2003/2004. Katastrofalna kmetijska suša leta 2003. Crop damage due to catastrophic drought in 2003. Ujma. Ljubljana. št.17/18, str. 54-60, ilustr.

      Kajfež-Bogataj L., Sušnik A. 2002. Operativni agrometeorološki modeli za izračun vodne bilance kmetijskih tal. Comparison of three operational irrigation models. TAJNŠEK A. (ur.), ŠANTAVEC I. (ur.). Novi izzivi v poljedelstvu 2002. Zbornik simpozija. Proceedings of symposium [Zreče, 5. in 6. december 2002], Ljubljana, Slovensko agronomsko društvo. str. 164-169.

      Sušnik A. 2006. Vodni primanjkljaj v Sloveniji in možni vplivi podnebnih sprememb. Water deficit and possible climate change impacts in Slovenia. Magistrsko delo. Ljubljana, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za agronomijo. 147 str.

      Sušnik A., Žust A., Wittich K.P. 2005. Meritve in modeliranje omočenosti lista. Zbornik predavanj in referatov 7. slovenskega posvetovanja o varstvu rastlin, 8. – 10. marec 2005, Zreče. Maribor, Društvo za varstvo rastlin Slovenije. str. 123-126.

      Sušnik A., Matajc I. 2005. IRRFIB model and its practical usage for drought estimation in Slovenia. Irrigation and pest and disease models. Evaluation in different environments and web-based applications. Maracchi G., Kajfež-Bogataj L. (ur.). COST Action 718–Meteorological Applications for agriculture. str. 36-42.

      Orlandini S., Dalla Marta A., Friesland H., Sušnik A. 2005. Description and testing of the model PERO for grapevine downy mildew predictions. Irrigation and pest and disease models. Evaluation in different environments and web-based applications. Maracchi G., Kajfež-Bogataj L. (ur.). COST Action 718–Meteorological Applications for agriculture. str.127-139.

      Orlandini S., Dalla Marta A., Friesland H., Sušnik A. 2005. Description and testing of the PLASMO model for the simulation of grapevine downy mildew. Irrigation and pest and disease models. Evaluation in different environments and web-based applications. Maracchi G., Kajfež-Bogataj L. (ur.). COST Action 718- Meteorological Applications for agriculture. str. 140-159.

      Žust A., Sušnik A., Zrnec C., Matajc I. 2004. Aplikativna agrometeorologija v Sloveniji včeraj in danes. Pol stoletja Slovenskega meteorološkega društva. Ljubljana. str. 201 – 212.

      Žust A. 2004. Povečano tveganje v kmetijstvu zaradi spomladanskih pozeb v Sloveniji. Zbornik referatov 1. slovenskega sadjarskega kongresa z mednarodno udeležbo. str. 795-801.

      Žust A, 2004. Agrometeorološka informacija od vira do uporabnika v Sloveniji. Novi izzivi v poljedelstvu. Zbornik simpozija. str. 136 – 141.

      Žust A. 2004. Dissemination of agrometeorological information in Slovenia. Online agrometeorological Applications with Decision Support on the farm level. COST Action 718 –Meteorological Applications for agriculture. str. 59 – 64.
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