National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Russian Federation

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....5
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....265
          2. - Class III-IV .....860
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....38
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....0
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....4
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....150
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....1094
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....2
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....3
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....1045
        2. - New instruments added .....2
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....2
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....4
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological crop yield forecasts and crop condition assessment

      Agrometeorological bulletins

      References

      Agroclimatic guide-books

      Agrometeorological and agroclimatic recommendations

      Expert estimations of assurance cases
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        cxm.obninsk.org

        www.hmc.hydromet.ru
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Reports on crop conditions based on satellite information

        Operative decade drought monitoring
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture

        Ministry of Emergency Situations

        Ministry of Nature

        Roscosmos
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Russian Academy of Sciences

        Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

        Universities

        Science-Research Enterprises specialised in agriculture
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....N/A
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Kleschenko A.D., Zoidze E.K., Boken V.K. Monitoring and Predicting Agricultural Drought. Publishing House OXFORD, UNJVER-SJTY PRESS, 2005, p.196-207.

      Sirotenko O.D., Pavlova V.N. Estimation of climate change influence on agriculture by method of space-time analogs. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2003, No.8, p.89-99.

      Kleschenko A.D. Crop state monitoring and drought detecting with remote sensing. Procedings of the 31st International Symposium on Remote Sensing and Environment, St.Peterburg, June 20-24, 2005.

      Gringof I.G., Rusakova T.I., Lebedeva V.M., Shklyaeva N.M. Modern technology of step-by-step forecasting of grain crops. Meteorology and hydrology (in print).

      Allenov M.I., Volvach V.V., Konov A.F., Kovalenko V.A., Tret’yakov N.D. A portable field photoelectric soil moisture meter. Proceedings of the YI All-Russian hydrometeorological meeting, St.Peterburg, Hydrometeoizdat, 2005.

      Rusakova T.I. New technology of operational agrometeorological supply of Russia’s agroindustrial complex. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2004, No.12, p.82-89.
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Application of an information agrometeorological complex ELAGR increases the crop yield by 10-25% and decreases expenses by 5-10%

      Application of an information system Climate-Yield aimed at optimizing crop
      distribution increases the total crop yield by 10-15%
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Weather-Yield

      Climate-Yield

      Complex “Vlaga”

      Weather-Pest-Desease-Plant

      Weather-Forecast
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Kleschenko A.D., Zoidze E.K., Boken V.K. Monitoring and Predicting Agricultural Drought. Publishing House OXFORD, UNJVER-SJTY PRESS, 2005, p.196-207.

      Sirotenko O.D., Pavlova V.N. Estimation of climate change influence on agriculture by method of space-time analogs. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2003, No.8, p.89-99.

      Sirotenko O.D., Kleschenko A.D., Abashina E.V., Pavlova V.N. A physico-statistical model of the annual dynamics of organic carbon in arable land. Proc. Regional Competition of research projects in natural sciences, Kaluga, 2005, vyp.5, p.391-395.

      Sirotenko O.D. Crop yield forecasts as a problem of physics. Proc. IGKE, Problems of ecological monitoring and simulation of ecosystems, Hydrometeoizdat, 2005, Vol.XX, St.Peterburg, p.238-250.

      Sirotenko O.D., Abashina E.V., Romanenkov V.A. Simulation of the climate change impact on organic carbon dynamics in arable soils, carbon dioxide emission and ecosystem productivity. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2005, No.8, p.83-95.

      Gringof I.G., Pasechnyuk A.D. Agrometeorology and agrometeorological observations. A guidebook for hydrometeorological technical schools of the CIS countries. Ed. Kozinets D.V. St.Peterburg, Hydrometeoizdat, 2005, 40 pp.

      Kleschenko A.D. Crop state monitoring and drought detecting with remote sensing. Procedings of the 31st International Symposium on Remote Sensing and Environment, St.Peterburg, June 20-24, 2005.

      Kleschenko A.D., Gringof I.G. Development of observations and investigations in agricultural meteorology. Monography. Notes on the history of Russian hydrometeorological service, 2005, Book 1, vol.3 (XX century), p.215-248, Hydrometeoizdat.

      Gringof I.G., Rusakova T.I., Lebedeva V.M., Shklyaeva N.M. Modern technology of step-by-step forecasting of grain crops. Meteorology and hydrology (in print).

      Allenov M.I., Volvach V.V., Konov A.F., Kovalenko V.A., Tret’yakov N.D. A portable field photoelectric soil moisture meter. Proceedings of the YI All-Russian hydrometeorological meeting, St.Peterburg, Hydrometeoizdat, 2005.

      Rusakova T.I. New technology of operational agrometeorological supply of Russia’s agroindustrial complex. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2004, No.12, p.82-89.
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