National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Romania

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....3
          2. - Class III-IV .....19
          3. - Others .....40
          4. - PhD .....3
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....25
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....4
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....1
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....14
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....59
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....55
        2. - New instruments added .....55
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....35
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological Bulletin (diagnosis/forecasts/ advisories) / weekly, monthly and seasonal

      Specialized agrometeorological reports / monthly, seasonal

      Specialized products (i.e. maps, thermal and hydric index, NDVI, etc) / weekly, decadal, monthly, seasonal

      Publications of research studies in specialized journals
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....N/A
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.inmh.ro
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Agrometeorological Bulletin

        Specialized products (i.e. maps, graphs)
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Presidency

        Government

        Ministry of Environment and Water Management (MEWM)

        Ministry of Agriculture

        Forest and Rural Development (MAFRD)
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        TERRA MILLENIUM III - workshops and seminars
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....N/A
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....N/A
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....N/A
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....N/A
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Elena Mateescu, Ion Poiana, I. V. Pescaru, Oana Oprea, Daniel Alexandru (2004) – Agrometeorological monitoring system – decision-making instrument to prevent and mitigate the agricultural drought in Romania, Technical workshop on drought preparedness in the Balkans within the context of the UNCCD 25-26 October 2004, Poiana Brasov, Romania, Proceedings UNCCD Secretariat, Bonn, Germany, ISBN 92-95043-06-5;

      Elena Mateescu, Adriana Marica, Rodica Oprişescu (2003) - The frequency and areas of the agricultural drought in the south and south-eastern area of Romania, Workshop “Drought – Measures to mitigate the effects upon crops”, dedicated to the celebration of 75 years since the setting up of the Romanian Institute of Agronomical Researches (ICAR) 1927-2002, AGRIS Publishing House – Agricultural Journals editorial office, Bucharest, 2003, ISBN 973-8115-27-2, pg. 145-156;

      P. Tuinea, V. Turcu, and V. Adamiade (2000) – Drought phenomenon risk zonality on Romanian agricultural territory and its impact upon agricultural yields. Central and Eastern European Workshop on Drought Mitigation, Budapest-Felsogod, Hungary, 12-15 April 2000.

      Zoltan Dunkel, Adriana Marica, 2006. Operational Agrometeorological Services: Perspectives from Regional Association VI (Europe), In Strengthening Operational Agrometeorological Services at the National Level. Raymond P. Motha, M.V.K. Sivakumar, and Michele Bernardi (Eds.) 2006. Proceedings of the Inter-Regional Workshop, March 22-26, 2004, Manila,Philippines.Washington, D.C., USA: United States Department of Agriculture; Geneva, Switzerland: World Meteorological Organization; Rome,Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Technical Bulletin WAOB-2006-1 and AGM-9, WMO/TD No. 1277. 238 pp.

      Adriana MARICA, Aristita BUSUIOC, Roxana BOJARIU, Constanta BORONEANT, 2005.
      Application of climatic predictions and simulation models for the benefit of agriculture in Romania, WMO Expert Team Meeting on Impact of Climate Change/Variability on Medium- to Long-Range Predictions for Agriculture, 15-18 February 2005, Brisbane, Australia;

      Marica Adriana, 2005. Applications of the CROPWAT model for irrigation planning and management in Romania, In Irrigation and Pest and Disease Models: Evaluation in Different Environments and Web-Based Applications, Edited by G. Maracchi, L. Kajfez Bogataj, S. Orlandini, F. Rossi, M Barazutti, European Commission, Directorate General XII, Science, Research and Development, Environment research programme-COST Action 718, pp 73-79;

      Marica Adriana, Aristita Busuioc, 2004: The potential impacts of climate change on the main components of water balance relating to maize crop, Romanian Journal of Meteorology, Vol.6, No.1-2, Bucharest, Romania
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Romanian agrometeorological observation network of NMA provides weekly in-situ monitoring and information is collected, analyzed and compiled in Operational Bulletin that is disseminated to decision factors and farmers for early-warning and advisories for agricultural practices (dry-farming system). During the years with extreme phenomena this service enabled efficient monitoring agrometeorological parameter dynamics and assessing the spatial extent and intensity of phenomenon in affected areas.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      CROPWAT

      DSSAT

      HYDRUS
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      N/A
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