National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

Back

Portugal

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....4
          2. - Class III-IV .....2
          3. - Others .....2
          4. - PhD .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....0
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....2
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....2
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....73
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....70
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....73
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....70
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological Bulletin (every 10-days)

      Water Balance Model (run on a daily basis)

      Annual Agrometeorological Report

      Maps for agrometeorological parameters (every 10-days)
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....No
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://web.meteo.pt/pt/previsao/inicial.jsp (home page)
        http://web.meteo.pt/pt/agrometeo/agrometeo.jsp (Portuguese version)
        http://web.meteo.pt/en/agrometeo/agrometeo.jsp (English version)
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Agrometeorological Bulletin (every 10-days)

        Reports related with extreme events (droughts)

        Maps of agrometeorological parameters and new agrometeorological products are in development and soon will be available
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Universities (e.g. Institute of Agronomy)

        Regional Agriculture Associations

        Agriculture Ministries (e.g. Directorate General for Forests)

        Crop Protections Institutes

        National Action Programme to Combat Desertification (PANCD)
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        League for the Protection of Nature (collaboration through the PANCD)

        Portuguese Association of Hydrological Resources
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....No
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....No
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....No
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....No
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....Yes
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      4.1 - Guerreiro, R., Cota, T. (2002-2005). Decennials Values of some meteorological elements in agriculture year. IM, Lisbon Guerreiro, M.R.P.R. (2003). Crop (wheat) growth and productivity simulation at a regional scale with WOFOST model. Master diss., University of Lisbon.

      4.5- Lima, M. I. P. de, J. L. M. P. de Lima and M. F. E. S. Coelho (2003) Spectral analysis of scale invariance in the temporal structure of precipitation in Mainland Portugal. Revista Engenharia Civil, Universidade do Minho, 16, 73-82.

      Lima, M. I. P. de, D. Schertzer, S. Lovejoy, M. F. E. S. Coelho and J. L. M. P. de Lima (2003) Multifractal Study of Precipitation Extremes: Dependency of the Statistics on Climatological and Geographical Factors. Hydrofractals’03 – an international conference on fractals in hydrosciences. Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, 2003.

      4.6 – Pires, V. C. 2003. Intensity and frequency of extreme meteorological phenomena associated to precipitation. Developing of a monitoring system for drought in Mainland Portugal (in Portuguese). Master diss., University of Lisbon.

      4.7,4.13,4.14,4.15 - Miranda, P.M.A., F. Coelho, A. R. Tomé, M. A Valente., A. Carvalho, C. Pires, H. O. Pires, V. C. Cabrinha and C. Ramalho, (2002): 20th Century Portuguese Climate and Climate Scenarios, in Santos, F.D., K Forbes and R. Moita (eds) Climate Change in Portugal: Scenarios, Impacts and Adptation Measures”, 27-83 pp. Gradiva.

      4.11 - Bugalho, L., V. Pires. 2005. Monthly analyse of NDVI at Portugal and their relationship with soil water balance. Proceedings of 4°Symposium of Meteorology and Geophisics – Portuguese Association of Meteorology and Geophisics / 6º Luso Espanhol Meteorology Meeting, Sesimbra, Portugal.

      4.12 - Espírito Santo, F., R. Guerreiro, V. Cabrinha, L. Pessanha and I. Gomes (2005): “Agricultural Drought Monitoring for Mainland Portugal” in the volume entitled Agricultural Drought: Global Monitoring and Prediction. Edited by V.K. Boken, A.P. Cracknell, and R.L. Heathcote. Published University Press, Inc.Oxford

      Pires, V. C. 2003. Intensity and frequency of extreme meteorological phenomena associated to precipitation. Developing of a monitoring system for drought in Mainland Portugal (in Portuguese). Master diss., University of Lisbon
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Thornthwaithe model (water soil balance)

      WOFOST (crop development model)

      DSSAT (crop development model)

      PDSI (drought detection and monitoring model) and SPI
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Miranda, P.M.A., F. Coelho, A. R. Tomé, M. A Valente., A. Carvalho, C. Pires, H. O. Pires, V. C. Cabrinha and C. Ramalho, (2002): 20th Century Portuguese Climate and Climate Scenarios, in Santos, F.D., K Forbes and R. Moita (eds) Climate Change in Portugal: Scenarios, Impacts and Adptation Measures”, 27-83 pp. Gradiva.

      Espírito Santo, F., Vanda Pires e Álvaro Silva (2004): Mainland Portugal Climate” in Desertificatiom: Signs, Dynamics e Society (ed. Victor Louro), Instituto Piaget, ISBN 972-771-731-4, pp. 89-99.

      Espírito Santo, F., R. Guerreiro, V. Cabrinha, L. Pessanha and I. Gomes (2005): “Agricultural Drought Monitoring for Mainland Portugal” in the volume entitled Agricultural Drought: Global Monitoring and Prediction. Edited by V.K. Boken, A.P. Cracknell, and R.L. Heathcote. Published University Press, Inc.Oxford

      Pires, V. (2004) Historical evolution of Palmer Index (PDSI) in Mainland Portugal. Meteorology and geophics monography Nº 47, IM.

      Pinto, P.A., and A.P.Brandão 2002. Agriculture. P. 223-239. In F.D.Santos, K.Forbes and R.Moita (ed.) Climate Change in Portugal. Scenarios, Impacts and Adaptation Measures. SIAM Project. Lisbon.

      Pires, V. C. 2003. Intensity and frequency of extreme meteorological phenomena associated to precipitation. Developing of a monitoring system for drought in Mainland Portugal (in Portuguese). Master diss., University of Lisbon.

      Guerreiro, M.R.P.R. (2003) Crop (wheat) growth and productivity simulation at a regional scale with WOFOST model. Master diss., University of Lisbon.

      Cabrinha, V., Santo F.E. (2002) Drought events monitoring in Mainland Portugal. Implementation of PDSI Index. III Climate and aplications workshop of agency CRIA, Évora, Portugal.

      Miranda, P.M.A., A. Carvalho, F. Coelho, C. Pires, V. Pires, C. Ramalho, A. R. Tomé, M.A. Valente and F.D. Santos (2002) Climate Change in Portugal in the 20th and 21st Century: Observations and Scenarios. Proceedings of the 3rd Hispano-Portuguese Assemble of Geodesic and Geophysics, 1145-1148 (ISBN:84-9705-299-4, F.G. Garcia and J.L.B. Valero, eds.).

      Moita, S. e Silva, A (2002) Modelling with GIS – Frost risk. Proceedings do Workshop LSA SAF - Satellite Application Facility for Land Surface Analysis.

      Lima, M.I.P. de, M.F. Coelho and J. L. M. P. de Lima (2003): Areal variation of the statistics of rainfall extreme events. EGS-AGU-EUG General Assembly, Nice, France, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 5, 07821, 2003.

      Bugalho, L., V. Pires. 2005. Monthly analyse of NDVI at Portugal and their relationship with soil water balance. Proceedings of 4°Symposium of Meteorology and Geophisics – Portuguese Association of Meteorology and Geophisics / 6º Luso Espanhol Meteorology Meeting, Sesimbra, Portugal.

      Lima, M. I. P., A. Marques, J. Lima e F. E. S. Coelho, (2005): Precipitation trends in Mainland Portugal in the period 1941-2000. Fourth Inter-Celtic Colloquium on Hydrology and Management of Water Resources.

      Trigo, R.; J. Pereira; M. Pereira; B. Mota; M. Calado; C. Dacâmara, and F. Santo, “Atmospheric conditions associated with the exceptional fire season of 2003 in Portugal”. Accepted in 2/2006 for publication in the International Journal of Climatology

      Guerreiro,R., Farinha, I. (2002) Statistical analysis of maximum precipitation values and short periods. IM, Lisboa.

      Guerreiro, R., Morgado, I. (2003) Decennials Values of some meteorological elements in agriculture year. IM, Lisbon

      Guerreiro, R., Cota, T. (2005) Mean values and deciles of water balance model in mainland Portugal (1961-1990). I.M, Lisbon.
↑ back to top