National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Philippines

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....20
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....30
          2. - Class III-IV .....11
          3. - Others .....1
          4. - PhD .....1
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....0
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....3
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....23
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....35
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....23
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....0
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Daily farm weather forecasts

      Philippine agroclimatic review and outlook

      Tropical cyclone forecast for Philippine agriculture

      Dekadal weather outlook and advisory for agriculture

      Monthly impact assessments for agriculture

      Monthly weather updates

      Monthly/quarterly climate forums
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Monthly weather updates

        Seasonal climate forecasts

        Daily farm weather forecasts
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Department of Agriculture and its attached agencies (i.e., Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, Office of Provincial/Municipal Agriculturists of the various provinces/municipalities,etc.)

        Academic institutions (i.e., University of the Philippines College of Agriculture,

        College of Agricultural Engineering,etc.)

        Research institutions (i.e., PhilRice, etc.)

        Local government units
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Research institutions (i.e.,International Rice Research Institute, others)
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Impacts of Present and Future Climate Variability on Agriculture in the Philippines

      Documentation and Analysis of Impacts of and Responses to Extreme Climate Events: Agriculture Sector

      Trends of Extreme Temperature and Rainfall Events in the Philippines

      Extreme Climate Events: Bane or Boon?

      Research and Development in Support to the GIS – Based Climate Information System of PAGASA

      Development of New Forecasting Techniques Towards the Improvement of Weather and Climate Forecasting Capabilities

      Climate Forecast Application for Disaster Mitigation

      Enhancement of Climate Information and Prediction Services for Agriculture and Water Resources

      Operational Requirements for Validation of Selected Models in Agriculture

      A Perception of Climate Change Risks: A Developing Country’s Perspective

      Soil Moisture and Vegetation Monitoring Using AIRSAR Data

      Land Cover and Land Use Change in Upper Magat Watershed

      Tropical Cyclones and Associated Rainfall during Various ENSO Conditions in the Philippines
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Bridging the Gap Between Seasonal Climate Forecast and Decision Makers in Agriculture
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Generalized Monsoon Index

      Yield Moisture Index

      DSSAT models

      Climate Prediction Tools

      NDVI

      Water balance

      Cropwat

      Analogues (Yield vs water availability)

      Statistical (INSTAT,etc.)
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Tibig, L.V.,2003; Impacts of Present and Future Climate Variability on Agiculture in the Philippines.PAGASA,Quezon City, PhilippinesPAGASA,2001: Documentation and Analysis on Impacts and Responses to Extreme Climate Events: Agiculture Sector, PAGASA, Quezon City, Philippines

      Tibig, L.V., T.A. Cinco and A. Solis, 2004; Trends of Extreme Daily Rainfall and Temperatures in the Philippines:1961-2003. CAB Technical Report, PAGASA, Quezon City, Philippines

      Tibig, L.V.,2005; Extreme Climate Events, Bane or Boon? CAB Technical Report, PAGASA, Quezon City, Philippines

      CDS,2005; Research and Development in Support to the GIS-based Climate Information System of PAGASA. PAGASA Technical Report, PAGASA, Quezon City, Philippines

      CLIMPSC,2005; The Development of New Forecasting Techniques Towards the Improvement of Weather and Climate Forecasting Capabilities. PAGASA Technical Report, PAGASA, Quezon City, Philippines

      CLIMPSC, 2005;Climate Forecast Applications for Disaster Mitigation.PAGASA Technical Report, PAGASa, Quezon City, Philippines

      CLIMPSC, 2005; Enhancement of Climate Information and Prediction Services for Agriculture and Water Resources. PAGASA Technical Report, PAGASA, Quezon City, Philippines

      Cinco, T.A., 2005; Operational Requirements for Validation of Selected Models in Agriculture. A paper presented at the CagM Meeting of the Expert Team on Database Management, Validation and Application of Models and Research Methods of the Eco-Regional Level in Gabarone, Botswana on 21-23 November 2005.

      Tibig, L.v.,2004; A Perception of Climate Change Risks: A Developing Country’s Perspective. A paper presented at the In-Session Workshop on Impacts of and Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change , 22nd Sessions of the Subsidiary Bodies of the UNFCCC, Bonn, Germany on May 19, 2004.

      Hilario F.D. and J. Manguera, 2003; Soil Moisture and Vegetation Monitoring Using AIRSAR Data. Proceedings of the Workshop on POLinSAR-Applications of SAR Polarimetry and Polarimetric Interferometry, 14-16 January 2003, Frascati, Italy

      Crisostomo,B.F., F.D. Hilario, A. Alquero, M. Palaganas, V. Bato, B. Balais, J. Bernardo and V. Santos, 2001; Land Cover and Land Use Change in Upper Magat Watershed. Proceedings of Conference on Global Change and Sustainable Development in Southeast Asia, Chang Mai, Thailand

      Verceles, E.,2006; Tropical Cyclones and Associated Rainfall During Various ENSO Conditions in the Philippines. CAB Technical Report, PAGASA, Quezon City, Philippines.
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