National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Moldova, Republic of

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....7
          2. - Class III-IV .....38
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....2
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....3
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....4
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....37
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....37
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....6
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Types of agrometeorological data:
      Data on weather impact on agricultural crops for week, decade, month, and vegetation period

      Forecasts of available soil moisture at the beginning of the spring field works

      Forecasts of the major crops for maturity and growing periods

      Forecasts of the expected yield of the major crops (winter wheat, maize, sunflower, and sugar beet) up to 1-3 months

      Data on wintering and possible damage of winter crops, horticultural crops and vineyards

      Data on dangerous weather phenomena, impact, damage assessment

      Products:
      Bulletins of weather impact on agricultural crops, field works carrying out during vegetation period.

      Data on wintering conditions of the major crops, horticulture crops and vineyards

      Data on the expected available soil moisture at the beginning of the spring field works

      Real data on available soil moisture in crops fields during cultivation period

      Forecasts of the expected yield of the major crops up to 1-3 months

      Data on real and expected conditions of crops growth phases

      Real and expected data on active and effective air temperature

      Multiannual average data on soil moisture, active and effective air temperature, terms of cultivation/growth periods

      Issue of agrometeorological bulletins and yearbook
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.meteo.md
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Data on weather impact on agricultural crops for week, decade, month, and vegetation period

        Forecasts of available soil moisture at the beginning of the spring field works

        Forecasts of the major crops for maturity and growing periods

        Forecasts of the expected yield of the major crops (winter wheat, maize, sunflower, and sugar beet) up to 1-3 months

        Data on wintering and possible damage of winter crops, horticultural crops and vineyards

        Data on dangerous weather phenomena, impact, damage assessment
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Ecology and Nature Resources

        Ministry of Agriculture

        The Government

        Parlament

        Department on Emergency Situations
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        NGO “Bios”

        NGO “Comrat”
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....No
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....N/A
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      First National Communication of the Republic of Moldova Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2000

      Climate Change. Researches, Studies, Solutions. Articles Collection. Chisinau, 2000

      Soil Degradation and Desertification, Chisinau, 2000

      Magazine “Hydrometeorology and Ecology”, Almaty, 2002

      Materials of International Conference “Hazard Mitigation”, Chisinau, 2005

      Magazine “Mediul Ambiant”, Chisinau , October, 2005
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Agroclimatic information contributes to the rational allocation of agricultural enterprises and selection of the best practices for increase of agricultural output.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Physical-statistical model "Weather - crop" for calculation of average on republic of productivity of a winter wheat (UkrNIIGMI, Ukraine, 1986)

      Physical-statistical model "Weather - crop" for calculation of average on republic of productivity of corn (UkrNIIGM, Ukraine, 1996)

      Manual on agrometeorological forecasts. Volume I, II. (Hydrometizdat, Leningrad, 1984)
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      The adverse hydrometeorological phenomena and sharp changes of weather in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. Chisinau, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006

      Agrometeorological yearbooks for 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005

      The First National Report on Realization of the Convention to Combat Desertification, Chisinau, 2000

      The Second National Report on Realization of the Convention to Combat Desertification, Chisinau, 2002

      The Third National Report on Realization of the Convention to Combat Desertification, Chisinau, 2006
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