National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Hungary

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....5
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....2
          2. - Class III-IV .....0
          3. - Others .....0
          4. - PhD .....1
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....2
          2. - Class III-IV .....1
          3. - Others .....5
          4. - PhD .....5
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....3
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....2
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....1
          2. - Personal computers .....16
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....3
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....1
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....1
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....1
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....4
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....4
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....2
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....0
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....1
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....90
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....0
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....90
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....5
        2. - New instruments added .....1
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....1
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....5
        2. - New instruments added .....4
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....1
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....5
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Met Service (OMSZ):
      Internet Expert Advisory system for drainage

      Regular ten-days description of past weather

      Specialised weather forecasts

      NDVI and surface (“skin”) temperature elaborations from satelite observations

      Others:
      Statistical analyse for different region on correlation between plant product and climatical elements, example – need of irrigation, etc.

      Teaching facilities (as a University Department) in different levels of training courses
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....No
      3. - Press releases .....No
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....No
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        Met Service (OMSZ) = www.met.hu

        Others:
        www.georgikon.hu
        www.mtk.nyme.hu
        www.agr.unideb.hu
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        OMSZ:
        Internet Expert Advisory system for drainage

        Description of past climate anomalies
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        OMSZ:
        Ministry of Agriculture and rural Development

        Ministry of Environment and Water Management

        Hungarian Scientific Academy Department of Agriculture

        Others:
        Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development

        Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (RISSAC)

        Plant Protection Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

        Agricultural Faculty of Hungarian Universities
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....No
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....N/A
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....N/A
      4. - At regular intervals .....N/A
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....No
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      OMSZ: (Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research)
      Bella Sz., Németh Á., Szalai S. (2004): Examination of drought vulnerability with GIS tools: Somogy county case study. GGRS2004 1st Göttingen GIS & Remote Sensing Days – Environmental Studies, Göttingen (Germany) 7-8. October 2004.

      Bella, Sz., Á. Németh, 2005: Conformation of the global radiation in Hungary, modifying effect of the elevation. Geophysical Research Abstracts. 7 (2005), EGU05-A-04564

      Bella, Sz., Á. Németh, S. Szalai, 2005: Application of GIS Tools: Drought Vulnerability in Somogy County, Hungary, July 25-28, 2005, Vila Real, Portugal ISBN 972-669-646-1.

      Bella, Sz., Á. Németh, S. Szalai, 2005: Examination of drought vulnerability with GIS tools: Somogy county case study. Göttinger Geographische Abhandlungen, 2005/113, pp. 209-217.

      Németh, Á., Sz. Bella, 2005: Delimitation of frost-risk territories with GIS tools. Proceedings of the EFITA/WCCA 2005 Joint Conference, Vila Real (Portugal). EFITA 2005.

      Tőkei, L., Z. Dunkel, 2005: Investigation of crop canopy temperature in apple orchard. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30 (2005), pp. 249-253.

      (Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology)
      Dunkel, Z., 2003 : An evapotranspiration calculation method based on remotely sensed surface temperature for agricultural regions in Hungary. Időjárás. Vol. 107, No. 3-4, pp. 225-236.

      Dunkel, Z., 2005: Preface. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30 (2005).

      Dunkel, Z., I. Grób-Szenyán, 2002: A simple method for estimation of evapotranspiration using remotely sensed data during vegetation period in Hungary. Physics and chemistry of the Earth, 27, 1109-1111.

      Hunkár, M., 2002: Moisture supply and microclimate-interactions with productivity potential. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 27, 1113-1117.

      Mika, J., J. Kerényi, A Rimóczi-Paál, Á. Merza, C. Szinell, I. Csiszár, 2002: On correlation of maize and wheat yield with NDVI: Example of Hungary (1985-1998). Advances in Space Research Vol. 30. No.11. pp.2399-2404,

      (Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification)
      Jankó Szép I., Mika J. and Dunkel Z. , 2005: Palmer Drought Severity Index as soil moisture indicator: Validation, basic statistics and trends for a region, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. Vol. 30, 2005. pp. 231-243.

      Ligetvári, F., Szalai, S., 2004: The Application of the SPI Index for Monitoring of Drought Development. Proccedings of the 4th international workshop ’Research on irrigation and drainage’. Skopje, Macedonia, pp. 173-180.

      Makra, L. Mika, J., and Horváth, Sz. , 2005: Soil moisture content in East Hungary in the 20th century, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth , vol. 30 (2005), pp. 181-186.

      Makra, L., Sz. Horváth, R. Pongrácz, J. Mika, 2002: Long term climate deviations: an alternative approach and application on the Palmer drought severity index in Hungary. Physics and Chemistry of Earth 27, pp. 1063-1071.

      Mika, J., Horváth, Sz., Makra, L. and Dunkel, Z., 2005: The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) as an indicator of soil moisture. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth vol. 30, pp. 223-230

      Szalai, S., 2004: Drought tendencies and regionalities in Hungary. In: International Workshop ’Drought and drought monitoring in agriculture’, Vienna, Austria, June 2004, Universität für Bodenkultur, CD ROM

      Szalai, S., Fatima Coelho Espirito Santo, 2003: Drought project. ECSN publications, Meteoswiss, 120 pp.

      OTHERS:
      Anda, A and Z. Lőke 2005. Radiation balance components of maize hybrids grown at various plant densities. J. of Agron. and Crop Sci. 191: 202-209. (I: 0,565)

      Anda, A. and A. Boldizsár 2005. Transpiration and plant surface temperatures of reedbeds with different watering levels. G. for Agric. 8. 1: 39-52.

      Kocsis, T and A. Anda 2005. The brief history of the meteorological observations in the frame of 200 year old Georgikon. G. for Agric. 8. 1: 1-10.

      Anda, A. and Lőke, Zs. 2005. Microclimate simulation in maize with two watering levels. Időjárás 109. 1: 21-39.

      Anda, A. and Zs. Lőke 2006. Simulation of physiological processes resulted from possible climate variation in Hungary. Conference on possible influences of Global Climate Change in Hungary (VAHAVA) held in Pécs, Hungary, in October 2005.

      Anda, A. 2005. Evapotranspiration and stand architecture in maize at mechanically simulated hail injury. 7th Eur. Conference on Applications of Meteorology (ECAM), Utrecht, the Nederland, 16 Sept. 2005. (CD Proc.)

      Anda, A., Burucs, Z., Lőke, Zs. and Decsi, É. K. 2002. Effects of hail on
      evapotranspiration and plant temperature of maize. J. of Agron. and Crop Sci.188, 335-341.

      Tőkei L., Dunkel Z., Sipos B.Z., 2001: The heat pulse method for determining water uptake in elder-berry. European Geophysical Society, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 26th General Assembly, Volume 3, 2001, GRA3, 4656

      Tőkei L., Dunkel Z., 2003: A new method for determining of water uptake in elder berry plantation. European Geophysical Society, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 27th General Assembly, Nice, France, Volume 3, 2003

      Tőkei L., Dunkel Z., Jung A., 2003: Investigation of crop canopy temperature in apple study orchard. European Geophysical Society, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 27th General Assembly, Nice, France, Volume 3, 2003

      Jung, A., Tőkei, L., Engel, R., 2002: A tavaszi és őszi vetésű mák állományklímájának jellemzése. (Microclimate of spring and autumn sown poppies). III. Alföldi Tudományos Tájgazdálkodási Napok, 2. kötet: Termeléstechnológiai, Mezőtúr, p.194-200.

      Kardeván, P., Jung, A., Reisinger, P., Nagy, S., 2004: A parlagfű (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) reflektancia spektrumainak meghatározása terepi mérésekkel (Determining reflectance spectrum of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. by field measurements), Magyar Gyomkutatás és Technológia 5 (1) 15-31.

      Vermes, L., Fésűs I., Nemes C., Pálfai I., Szalai S. (2000): Status and progress of the national drought mitigation strategy in Hungary - Proceedings of the Central and Eastern European Workshop on Drought Mitigation (Eds: L. Vermes and Á. Szemessy) - 12-15 April, Budapest-Felsőgöd, Hungary - 55-64.

      Vermes, L. (2002): International efforts for drought mitigation - Időjárás, 106(3-4), 239-247.

      Czúcz B., Révész A., Horváth F., Biró M., 2005: Loss of semi-natural grasslands in the Hungarian forest-steppe zone in the last fifteen years: causes and fragmentation patterns. In: D. McCollin and J.I. Jackson (eds): Planning, People and Practice: The landscape ecology of sustainable landscapes – Proceedings of the 13th Annual IALE(UK) Conference, University of Northampton, 12–16 Sep. 2005., p. 73–80.
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Interaction between regional connection, climate, soil and mineral nutritions by differente plant production (in more study)

      Effects of climate on risk and level of national agronomy in Hungary (1960-2000)

      Providing agrometeorological experience to the students of our university. About 50 students in every academic year.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Others:
      WOFOST-6 - Plant growth-model

      Ceres + maize

      Daytime irrigation (from own model)

      Maize and wheat (from own model)

      Water balance and crop production simulation with differential models

      Photosynthesis

      Correlation between photosyntesis and microclimate (Stewart)

      Statistical models (CART, GLM)

      PROGSURF

      Climate-crop development model

      Climate-crop yield model
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Bella, Sz., Á. Németh, S. Szalai, 2005: Application of GIS Tools: Drought Vulnerability in Somogy County, Hungary, July 25-28, 2005, Vila Real, Portugal ISBN 972-669-646-1.

      Bella, Sz., Á. Németh, S. Szalai, 2005: Examination of drought vulnerability with GIS tools: Somogy county case study. Göttinger Geographische Abhandlungen, 2005/113, pp. 209-217.

      Dunkel, Z., I. Grób-Szenyán, 2002: A simple method for estimation of evapotranspiration using remotely sensed data during vegetation period in Hungary. Physics and chemistry of the Earth, 27, 1109-1111.

      Dunkel, Z., 2003 : An evapotranspiration calculation method based on remotely sensed surface temperature for agricultural regions in Hungary. Időjárás. Vol. 107, No. 3-4, July-December 2003, pp. 225-236.

      Dunkel, Z., 2005: Preface. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30 (2005).

      Hunkár, M., 2002: Moisture supply and microclimate-interactions with productivity potential. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 27, 1113-1117.

      Hunkár, M. 2002: Agrometeorology of maize – investigation carried out at the Hungarian Meteorological Service. Időjárás Vol. 106. No. 3-4 pp. 123-136.

      Jankó Szép I., Mika J. and Dunkel Z. , 2005: Palmer Drought Severity Index as soil moisture indicator: Validation, basic statistics and trends for a region, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. Vol. 30, 2005. pp. 231-243.

      Ligetvári, F., Szalai, S., 2004: The Application of the SPI Index for Monitoring of Drought Development. Proccedings of the 4th international workshop ’Research on irrigation and drainage’. Skopje, Macedonia, pp. 173-180.

      Makra, L. Mika, J., and Horváth, Sz. , 2005: Soil moisture content in East Hungary in the 20th century, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth , vol. 30 (2005), pp. 181-186.

      Makra, L., Sz. Horváth, R. Pongrácz, J. Mika, 2002: Long term climate deviations: an alternative approach and application on the Palmer drought severity index in Hungary. Physics and Chemistry of Earth 27, pp. 1063-1071.

      Mika, J., Choi, Y.-J., Lee, B.-L., Horváth, Sz., Makra L. and Oh, J.-H., 2002: Spatial and temporal variations of the Palmer drought severity index in Korea. Korean Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2002. Vol.4, N. 1. pp. 29-40.

      Mika, J., J. Kerényi, A Rimóczi-Paál, Á. Merza, C. Szinell, I. Csiszár, 2002: On correlation of maize and wheat yield with NDVI: Example of Hungary (1985-1998). Advances in Space Research Vol. 30. No.11. pp.2399-2404,

      Mika, J., Horváth, Sz., Makra, L. and Dunkel, Z., 2005: The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) as an indicator of soil moisture. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth vol. 30, pp. 223-230

      Németh, Á., Sz. Bella, 2005: Delimitation of frost-risk territories with GIS tools. Proceedings of the EFITA/WCCA 2005 Joint Conference, Vila Real (Portugal). EFITA 2005 ISBN 972-669-646-1..

      Puskás, J., Nowinszky, L.,Károssy,C., Tóth,Z, Nagy,E., 2002: Relationship between UV-B radiation of the Sun and the light trapping of the European Corn Borer (Ostrinia Nubilalis Hbn.). Proceedings of SPIE. Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effect (4482-43), pp.363 – 366.

      Szalai, S., 2004: Drought tendencies and regionalities in Hungary. In: International Workshop ’Drought and drought monitoring in agriculture’, Vienna, Austria, June 2004, Universität für Bodenkultur, CD ROM

      Szalai, S., Bella, Sz., 2004: SPI index for monitoring of drought development in 2003. (EMS04-A-00258) In: EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts, Nice, France; pp. 26-30. September 2004. CD ROM

      Szalai, S., Bihari, Z., 2004: The spatial interpolation of the drought events in Hungary. (EMS04-A-00251) In: EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts, Nice, France; 26-30 September 2004. CD ROM.

      Szalai, S., Fatima Coelho Espirito Santo, 2003: Drought project. ECSN publications, Meteoswiss, 120 pp.

      Tőkei, L., Z. Dunkel, 2005: Investigation of crop canopy temperature in apple orchard. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30, pp. 249-253.

      Tőkei, L., Z. Dunkel, A. Jung, 2005: A new method for determining water uptake in elderberry plantation. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30, pp. 245-248.

      Szász G., 2002: Energy budget between the atmosphere and the surface in the vegetation period during 1963-1994. Időjárás. Vol. 106: 161-184.

      Ács, F. and Szász, G., 2002: Characteristics of microscale evapotranspiration: a comparative analysis. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 73: 189-205.

      Szász, G., 2005: Climate change and variability of production different plants in Hungary. Agro-21 No. 38: 59-77.

      Varga-Haszonits Z., Varga Z., Schmidt R., Lantos Zs. (1997): The effect of climatic conditions on maize production. Acta Agronomica Ovariensis, Vol. 39, No. 1-2, 1-14. oldal.

      Varga-Haszonits Z., Schmidt R., Buruczky F. (1997): Dry and wet spells in Hungary and their effect on crop production. Environmental Protection in Agriculture of the Carpatian Basin, Vol. XXIX., Mosonmagyaróvár.

      Varga-Haszonits Z., Varga Z. (2003): Seasonal changes of soil moisture in Hungary. Időjárás, Vol. 107: No 3-4. 189-198. oldal.
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