National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Fiji

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....1
          2. - Class III-IV .....0
          3. - Others .....0
          4. - PhD .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....0
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....0
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....0
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....2
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....10
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....7
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....10
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....7
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Fiji Islands Monthly Weather Summary: This is a routine bulletin that is prepared for various climate sensitive sectors. It includes the months climate in brief, weather patterns, rainfall summary for the country in the last three months, rainfall in the last month, forecast verification based on the past outlooks, temperature grapas for key sites, climate of the last month, climatic records set during the month, El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) update, tropical cyclones, rainfall predictions and summary of data for the month.

      Fiji Island Annual Weather Summary: This is the annual report of the Fiji Meteorological Service that describes the climatic pattern of the year. This report includes climate of Fiji in brief, summary of tropical cyclones in the southwest Pacific, tropical cyclones and significant depressions affecting Fiji, Temperaturas and sunshine, weather patterns by month, annual rainfall anomalies since 1957, rainfall prediction análisis and verification, rainfall table with key sites, graphical presentation of data for key sites, Maximum and Minimum temperature and sunshine tables and long term temperatura trend for various sites.

      El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Updates: The ENSO up dates are provided for the pectoral long-term planning and risk management. The Bulletin contains the effects of past events, the present status of ENSO conditions, behaviour of Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and its effects on Fiji’s rainfall.

      Special Reports (Sugar Sector and Monasavu Rainfall Outlook, Drought Reports):
      These reports are issued in response to the demands in the sugar and energy industry. It is aimed to assist the industries in planning and managing their risks better in the variable to maximise their benefits.

      Information Sheets: Various information sheets are available for various pectoral users. Some common ones are on the winds, temperatura, sunshine, solar radiation and extreme climatic events.

      Climatological Summaries: Climatological summaries are available for many strategic sites within the network.

      Tropical Cyclone Reports

      Fiji Climate News: This bulletin is prepared to compliment the Fiji Islands Monthly Weather Summary. The highlights of the month, climate in the respective month, ENSO Up Date and the Seasonal Outlook.
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....No
      2. - Radio and TV .....No
      3. - Press releases .....No
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.met.gov.fj
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Monthly Weather Summary

        Annual Weather Summary

        Sugar Sector Rainfall Outlook

        Fiji Climate News
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture

        Agricultural Research Station

        University of the South Pacific

        Fiji Sugar Corporation Research Centre

        Bureau of Meteorology
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        World Wide Fund for Nature

        Red Cross Internacional

        Consolídate Farming

        Fiji Sugar Corporation
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....No
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....No
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Fiji Islands Monthly Weather Summary

      Fiji Sugar Sector Rainfall Outlook

      Socio-economic Impacts of 1997/98 El Nino

      Special Reports on Droughts

      Fiji Climate News

      Monasavu Rainfall Outlook
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Fiji Meteorological issues the Fiji Islands Monthly Weather Summary and the Sugar Sector outlooks on a regular basis. The Fiji Sugar Corporation uses the seasonal climate predictions the two publications and advises its farmers on the potential risks and benefits of the predicted climate in the upcoming season. With this information, the sugarcane farmers are able to plan their seasonal planting and harvesting. The information allows them to develop strategies to cope with the dry or wet season, minimise climate related risks and maximise the benefits to increase productivity and hence profit.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      NASA/NSIP Model

      NCEP Coupled Model

      Japan Met. Agency Model

      POAMA (Australian) Model

      ECMWF Model

      UKMO Model

      Bsaher & Zhang
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      N/A
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