National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Czech Republic

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....8
          2. - Class III-IV .....2
          3. - Others .....1
          4. - PhD .....3
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....14
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....1
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....1
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....0
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....3
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....60
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....65
        2. - New instruments added .....28
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....3
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....65
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Weekly agrometeorological Bulletin

      Weekly AgM information for watering and ammelioration (field crops, wine, orchard management)

      Medium term meteorological forecast for agriculture (3 days)

      Weekly AgM information for Plant Protection Office and other phythopathological services (potato blight, apple fire blight and venturia, peronospora on hops)

      Monthly AgM information for malt barley growers and purchasers

      Weekly AgM information for vegetable growers (incl. forecasts)
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....No
      2. - Radio and TV .....No
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.chmi.cz
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Free : only common description of our activities & products (no data)
        Data is on protected pages ("intranet")
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture

        Plant Protection Office

        Research Institute for Plant Production

        Research Institute for Ammelioration and Soil Conservation
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Agricultural University Prag

        Mendel Agricultural and Forest University Brno

        Czech Unity of Vegetable Growers
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....N/A
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....No
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....No
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....No
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....No
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      KVĚTOŇ, V., VALTER, J: Index of meteorologically possible drought – a newly developed method of drought evaluation. Journal of Structural Geology, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 2006c (under preparation).
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      AVISO - Agrometeorological Calculation and Information System (oriented to actual weekly information for watering of crops and orchards)

      BASET - Balance of Precipitation and Evapotranspiration ( a simple soil moisture model based on Penman formula

      SLAD - Malt ( model of malt barley development and quality of grain using daily meteorological data)

      ERWINIA - Fire Blight ( Model of Apple Fire Blight development and propagation in relation to weather)
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Kohut M.: Soil moisture in the territory of the Czech Republic in August 2002 of the flood event. Meteorologické Zprávy, 55, 6, CHMI Prague 2002 (Czech)

      Možný M.: Automation of evaporation measurements from the free water level.
      Meteorologické Zprávy, 56, 5, CHMI Prague 2003 (Czech)

      Brázdil R., Chromá K., Tolasz R.: Fluctuations of extremely wet and extremely dry months in the Czech Republic. Meteorologické Zprávy, 56, 3, CHMI Prague 2003

      Pavlík J., Němec L., Tolasz R., Valter J.: Extraordinary summer 2003 in the Czech Republic. Meteorologické Zprávy, 56, 6, CHMI Prague 2003 (Czech)

      Sokol Z., Řezáčová D., Pešice P.: Estimation of point and area precipitation by using raingauge and radar data. Meteorologické Zprávy, 56, 1, CHMI Prague 2004 (Czech)

      Lipina P., Řepka M., Stříž M., Žídek D.: Climatological database Clidata - selected main functions and tools. Meteorologické Zprávy, 57, 4, CHMI Prague 2004

      Květoň V., Žák M.: Experiences with a construction of the technical time series in the Czech Republic. Meteorologické Zprávy, 57, 5, CHMI Prague 2004

      Huth R., Pokorná L.:Trends in eleven climatic elements in the Czech Republic.
      Meteorologické Zprávy, 57, 6, CHMI Prague 2004 (Czech)

      Rožnovský J, Litschmann T. : Evaporace a evapotranspirace. Ed. 1, 82 p., CHMI 2005, ISBN 80-86690-24-5. (Evaporation and Evapotranspiration, Czech)

      Tolasz R.(ed.):Atlas podnebí Česka. Ed.1, 256 p., CHMI and Palacký University, Prague and Olomouc, 2006.. ISBN 86-86690-26-1, 80-244-1167-9 (Climate Atlas of Czechia)
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