National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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China

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....50
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....2000
          2. - Class III-IV .....1000
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....200
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....10
          2. - Personal computers .....3200
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....50
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....50
          5. - Vehicles .....50
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....100
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....700
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....1500
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....700
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....700
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....2002
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological information in China (Bulletins,ten-day, monthly, seasonally, annually)

      Agrometeorological information in China Special Topic Reports,various crops, agrometeorological disasters)

      Major crops yield forecast (Rice, Wheat, Maize, Soybean, Foodstuff, Cotton, rapeseed, etc)

      Agriculture drought and flooding:soil moisture monitoring (Bulletins,five-day)

      Agriculture drought forecast
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.nmc.gov.cn
        www.cma.gov.cn
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        www.nmc.gov.cn/nmc/treeNavigator.do?type=AgroForecast

        http://www.cma.gov.cn/cma_new/tqyb/nyqx/nyqxtj/t20051213_107501.phtml

    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of agriculture of the People’s Republic of China

        National Development and Reform Commission of China

        National Bureau of Statistics of China

        Xinhua News Agency
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....No
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....Yes
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Cheng Chunshu (Eds.), Climate and Agriculture in China, 1993, China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp.519

      Wang Futang Li Yuzhu and Wang Shili, 1990, An Introduction to the Meteorological Simulation of Agricultural Production, Science Press, China, pp.257 (in Chinese)

      Wang Shili, The Application of Seasonal Climate Prediction In Agriculture in China, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research (in press)

      Huo Zhiguo, Chen Lin, Liu Wancai, et al. Climatic zonation of wheat powdery mildew in China. Acta Ecologica Sinica.2002,22(11):1873-1881.

      Li Yuzhu, Estimating production of winter wheat from remote sensing and unified ground-based network. II. Nationwide estimation of wheat yields, In Application of Remote Sensing in Agriculture, 1990, Steven M.D. and Clark, J.A.eds, Butterworth, 149-165

      Zhao Yanxia, Early Detection and Monitoring of Drought and Flood in China Using Remote Sensing and GIS, In: In: Natural Disasters and Extreme events in Agriculture(Eds. ), 2005, Springer Berlin Heidelberg New York, **-**

      An Shunqing and Liu Gengshan, The monitoring forecasting assessing decision-making service system of soil moisture stress of winter wheat and its application in North China region, 1997, J.Agric. Meteorol. 52(5), 591-600

      M. Hulme T.Wigley T.Jiang Zhao Zongci Wang Fatang Ding Yihui R.Leemans A Markham, Climate Change due to the Greenhouse effect and its implications for China , CRU/WWF/SMA Switzerland, A Banson production London UK

      Wang Futang, Zhao Congci, Wang Shili and Liu Wenquan, 2003, Impacts of Climate Change on Agro-ecosystem, Meteorological Press, China (in Chinese)

      Wang Shili, HuoZhiguo, Guo Jianping, et.al., Agrometeorological disasters risk management in China, In: Natural Disasters and Extreme events in Agriculture(Eds. ), 2005, Springer Berlin Heidelberg New York, 241-258
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      The agrometeorological service products such as agrometeorological information and agriculture drought & flooding:soil moisture monitoring and agriculture drought forecast etc.,can help governmental departments and farmers for theirs decision-making.

      For the major crops yield forecast,the accuracy is more than 95%,therefore it can help governmental departments to make correct decisions.

  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      Statistics Models

      Dynamic Simulation Models

  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      N/A
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