National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

Back

Austria

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....7
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Weather forecast for 30 agricultural regions in Austria

      Forecast of risks of forest fires

      Weather forecasts for hail insurance company

      Weather forecasts for specific newspapers for farmers
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....No
      2. - Radio and TV .....No
      3. - Press releases .....No
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....No
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.zamg.ac.at
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Forecast of risk of forest fires
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        N/A
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....No
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....No
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....N/A
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....N/A
      4. - At regular intervals .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Mihailovic, D.T., Lalic, B., Arsenic B., Eitzinger, J., Dusanic, N., 2002. Simulation of air temperature inside the canopy by the LAPS surface scheme. Ecological Modelling 147/3, 199-207.

      Alexandrov, V., Eitzinger, J., Cajic, V., Oberforster, M., 2002. Potential impact of climate change on selected agricultural crops in north-eastern Austria. Global Change Biology 8 (4), 372-389.

      Eitzinger, J., Kössler, Ch., 2002. Microclimatological characteristics of a miscanthus (Miscanthus cv. Giganteus) stand during stable conditions at night in the nonvegetative winter period. - Theor. Appl. Climatol. 72 (3-4), 245-257.

      Eitzinger, J., Trnka, M., Hösch, J., Žalud, Z., Dubrovský, M., 2004. Comparison of CERES, WOFOST and SWAP models in simulating soil water content during growing season under different soil conditions. Ecological Modelling 171 (3), 223-246.

      Eitzinger, J., Štastná, M., Žalud, Z., Dubrovský, M., 2003. A simulation study of the effect of soil water balance and water stress on winter wheat production under different climate change scenarios. Agricultural Water Management, 61, 3, 163-234.

      Alexandrov, V., Eitzinger, J., 2005. The Potential Effect of Climate Change and Elevated Air Carbon Dioxide on Agricultural Crop Production in Central and Southeastern Europe. Journal of Crop Improvement 13(1-2): 291-331.

      Eitzinger, J., Gruszczynski, G., Schneider, W., Suppan, F., Koukal, T., Trnka, M., 2005. Comparison of different methods for estimation of drought impacts on crop yield on the field scale in Austria. In: European Geosciences Union: EGU General Assembly 2005, 24-29 April 2005, Vienna; Geophysical Research Abstracts, CD-ROM, Vol. 7; ISSN 1029-7006

      Trnka, M., Eitzinger, J., Gruszczynski, G., Formayer, H., Dubrovsky, M., 2005.
      Method for Estimation of the Permanent Grassland Yields During „Normal“ and „Dry“ seasons.In: European Geosciences Union: EGU General Assembly 2005, 24-29 April 2005, Vienna; Geophysical Research Abstracts, CD-ROM, Vol. 7; ISSN 1029-7006
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      EPIC
      DSSAT
      MACROS
      WOFOST
      SWAP
      GGLawn (development stage)
      CROPWAT
      AMBAV
      GRAM (development stage)
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      1.Soja, G., Soja, A., Eitzinger, J., Gruszcynski, G., Trnka, M., Kubu, G., Formayer, H., Schneider, W., Suppan, F., Koukal, T. (2005): Analyse der Auswirkungen der Trockenheit 2003 in der Landwirtschaft Österreichs - Vergleich verschiedener Methoden. Endbericht von StartClim2004.C; in StartClim2004: Analysen von Hitze ubd Trockenheit und deren Auswirkungen in Österreich. Endbericht, Auftraggeber: BMLFUW, BMBWK, BMWA, Österreichische Hagelversicherung, Österreichische Nationalbank, Umweltbundesamt, Verbund AHP.

      Kromp-Kolb, H., Eitzinger, J., Formayer, H., Trnka, M., Laube, W., Gruszczynski, G., 2005. Bestimmung der Auswirkungen von Trockenperioden im Grünland mittels Wachstumsmodellen und klimatologische Analyse österreichischer Daten. Endbericht. Im Auftrag d. Bundesministeriums für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft, Forschungsprojekt Nr. 1282.

      Eitzinger, J., Trnka, M., Gruszczynski, G. (2004). DESSIS – A simple and cost effective Decision Support System for Irrigation Scheduling and drought management. In: Thysen, I., and Hocevar A., Online Agrometeorological Applications with Decision Support on the Farm Level, (COST Action 718: Meteorological Applications for Agriculture). Dina Research Report. , 109, 89-98; DINA Publication, P.O. Box 50, DK-8830 Tjele, Tjele, DK; ISBN ISBN 87-89818-00-8.

      Gerersdorfer, T., Eitzinger, J, Schume, H., 2004. Monitoring des Witterungs- und Klimaverlaufs und mikroklimatischer Einflussgrößen in der Umstellung auf den biologischen Landbau (MUBIL). Zwischenbericht im Auftrag des BMLFUW

      Formayer, H., Matulla, C., Haas, P., Groll, N., Kromp-Kolb (2004):
      Einsatzmöglichkeiten verschiedener Downscalingmethoden für Klimaänderungsszenarien in topographisch stark gegliederten Terrain und explizite Anwendung auf Österreich für Niederschlag und Temperatur. Endbericht im Auftrag des bm:bwk.

      Matulla, C., Formayer, H., Haas, P., Kromp-Kolb, H.. (2004): Mögliche Klimatrends in Österreich in der ersten Hälfte des 21. Jahrhunderts. Österreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft, 56, 1-2, 1-9; 0945-358X.

      Lexer M.J., Hönninger K., Scheifinger H., Matulla C., Groll N., Kromp-Kolb H.,
      Schaudauer K., Starlinger F., Englisch M. (2002): The sensitivity of Austrian forests to scenarios of climate change: a large-scale risk assesment based on a modified gap model and forest inventory data.. Forest Ecology and Management, 162, 53-72.

      Editoren: Kromp-Kolb, H., Schwarzl, I. (2004): StartClim: Erste Analysen extremer Wetterereignisse und ihrer Auswirkungen in Österreich. Endbericht, Auftraggeber: BMLFUW, BMBWK, BMWA, Österreichische Nationalbank, Österreichische
      Hagelversicherung, Umweltbundesamt.

      Formayer, H., Harlfinger, O., Mursch-Radlgruber, E., Nefzger, H., Groll, N., Kromp-Kolb, H.. (2004): Objektivierung der geländeklimatischen Bewertung der Weinbaulagen Österreichs in Hinblick auf deren Auswirkung auf die Qualität des Weines am Beispiel der Regionen um Oggau und Retz. EndberichtBundesministeriums für Land- und Forstwirtschaft,Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft.
↑ back to top