National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Brazil

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....12
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....8
          2. - Class III-IV .....452
          3. - Others .....5
          4. - PhD .....2
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....22
          4. - PhD .....69
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....15
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....2
          2. - Personal computers .....100
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....4
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....40
          5. - Vehicles .....8
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....6
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....3
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....114
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....40
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....46
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....160
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....23
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....180
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....98
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....186
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....32
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....292
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....206
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Macroclimatic zoning

      Agroclimatic zoning (sowing dates) for diferents crops

      Probability of minimum air temperature during crop development stages( frost, chilling effects

      Estimation of date of panicle differentiation (PD) in irrigated rice based on degree-days (*)

      Agroclimatic zoning of Peach and Nectarine for the State of Rio Grande do Sul (*)
      Agroclimatic zoning of Citrus for the State of Rio Grande do Sul (*)

      Agroclimatic zoning of Pear for the State of Rio Grande do Sul (*)

      Drought risks and Hidrometeorological adversities on crops and agriculture practices

      Agrometeorological counselling

      Agroclimatological crop zoning and crop water requirements

      Crop evapotranspiration

      Greenhouse planting techniques

      CO2 sequestration and mitigation

      Micrometeorology and applied climatology

      Statistical data analysis and probability function studies

      Crop yield and sustainable agriculture studies

      Operational agrometeorology and farmers advisory system

      Weather data and pests and crop disease

      Animal bioclimatology

      Climate change and mitigation analysis

      (*) Available at the web site(some examples):
      http://www.cpact.embrapa.br/agromet (Portuguese)
      http://ciiagro.iac.sp.gov.br
      www.unesp.br
      www.usp.br
      www.unicamp.br
      www.infoseca.sp.gov.br
      www.iapar.br
      www.inmet.gov.br
      www.agritempo.gov.br
      www.ufv.br

    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://cpact.embrapa.br/agromet
        http://ciiagro.iac.sp.gov.br
        www.iapar.br
        www.inmet.gov.br
        www.ufv.br
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Some of the agrometeorological products indicated in the topic 3.2

        Meteorological data (tables/maps) for the State of Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais and Goiás

        Meteorological data (tables with normals for 1971/2000, daily and montly data from 1998 up to 2006) for the city of Pelotas (Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul)

        Meteorological data ( tables with historic values) temperature, rainfall

        Climate Forecasting (3 months) for the State of Rio Grande do Sul (COPAAERGS)

        Links with several web sites (national and international) related to Agrometeorology

        Warning system and agrometeorology advisory informations

        Drought indices

        Water Balance parameters

        Fire risks informations

        Climate forecasting and drought prognosis

        Agrometeorological Maps (monitoring and forecast)

        Planting Date Calendar

        Precipitation Probability Map

        Crop Production Map
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture (MAPA) through the Agroclimatic Zoning for crops indicated in the topic 3.2

        Brazilian Ministry of Agrarian Development (MDA), through the Agroclimatic Zoning for the crop of Ricinus communis (in development)

        COREDES, a development organization of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, through the agroclimatic zoning of forest species (eucaliptus grandis; dunnii; maedanni) (in development).

        Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture-Coffee Research Aspects

        Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology- FINEP- CNPq_ research and new technologies

        INPE- Crop Monitoring and yield prediction

        Viçosa University – Minas Gerais State

        Sao Paulo State Insurance Support system

        Watershed management commission- Sao Paulo State
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Water Shed Divisions.

        Civil Defense Organizations
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....Yes
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      ASSAD, Eduardo; MACEDO, Mariza Alves de; ZULLO JUNIOR, Jurandir; PINTO, H.s.; BRUNINI, Orivaldo. Avaliação de metodos geoestatiticos na espacialização de indices agrometeorológicos para definir riscos climaticos. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasilia, v. 38, n. 2, p. 161-171, 2003.

      BLAIN, Gabriel Constantino; BRUNINI, Orivaldo. Avaliação e Adaptação do Indice de Severidade de Seca de Palmer (PDSI) e do Indice Padronizado de Precipitação (SPI) às Condições Climáticas do Estado de São Paulo. Bragantia, Campinas-SP, v. 64, n. 4, p. 695-705, 2005.

      BOLGNESI, Denizart; VIEIRA, Sidney Rosa; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; FERREIRA, Wagner Marini; MUTTON,Miguel Angelo. Variabilidade Espacial das Emissões de CO2 do Solo em Diferentes Sistemas de Preparoem Area de Cana Crúa. In: IV CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE BIOMETEOROLOGIA, 2006, RibeirãoPreto-9-11/4/2006. Anais- CD IV Congresso Brasileiro de Biometeorologia. Ribeirão Preto: Instituto DeZootecnia-
      Sociedade Brasileira de Biometeorologia, 2006. v. 1, p. 118-124.

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo; ABRAMIDES, Pedro Luis Guardia; BRUNINI, Andrew Patrick Ciarelli; BLAIN, GabrielConstantino. Caracterização das Adversidades Meteorológicas nas Regiões Produtoras de Citrus noEstado de São Paulo. In: III SIMPÓSIO DE CITRICULTURA IRRIGADA, 2005, Bebedouro-SP. CD-Anais- III Simpósio de Citricultura Irrigada. Bebedouro: GTACC-Fundecitrus, 2005. v. 1, p. 1-26.

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo; SAWAZAKI, Eduardo; DUARTE, Aildson Pereira; TSUNECHIRO, Alfredo; KANTHACK, Ricardo Augusto Dias; BLAIN, Gabriel Constantino; BRUNINI, AndrewPatrick Ciarelli;ZULLO, Jurandir. Milho Safrinha-Zoneamento e Riscos Climáticos no Estado de São Paulo. In: XIIICONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE AGROMETEOROLOGIA, 2003, Santa Maria-RS. Anais XIII Congresso Brasileiro de Agrometeorologia. Santa Maria-RS: Sociedade Brasileira de Agrometeorologia, 2003. v. 1,p. 629-630.

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo; PINTO, H.s.; ZULLO JUNIOR, Jurandir; BRUNINI, Andrew Patrick Ciarelli; BLAIN,Gabriel Constantino. Agrometeorological Forecast and warning system for São Paulo State-Brazil. In: 15TH CONFERENCE ON BIOMETEOROLOGY AND
      AEROBIOLOGY, 2002, Kansas City- Missouri.Proceedings- American Meteorological
      Society. Kansas City- MO- USA: American MeteorologicalSociety, 2002. v. 1, p. 327-331.

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo; ABRAMIDES, Pedro Luis Guardia; ROLIM, Glauco de Souza; BRUNINI, AndrewPatrick Ciarelli; ERNANDES, Elaine Simões; BLAIN, Gabriel Constantino. O Infoseca no Alerta e Monitoramento de Risco de Incendio. In: IV CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE BIOMETEOROLOGIA,2006, Ribeirão Preto- SP-9-11/04/06. Anais- CD IV Congresso Brasileiro de Biometeorologia. Ribeirão Preto: Instituto de Zootecnia Sociedade Brasileira de Biometeorologia, 2006. v. 1, p. 98-104.

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo; DIAS, Pedro Leite da Silva; GRIMM, Alice M; ASSAD, Eduardo Delgado; BOKEN,Vijendra. Agricultural Drought Phenomeno in Latin America with focus on Brazil.In: BOKEN, V J;CRACKNELL, A P; HEATHCOTE, R L. (Org.). Monitoring and Predicting Agricultural Drought- A Global Study. New York, 2005, v. 1, p. 156-168.

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo; DIAS, Pedro Leite da Silva; GRIMM, Alice M; ASSAD, Eduardo Delgado; BOKEN,Vijendra. Agricultural Drought Phenomeno in Latin America with focus on Brazil.In: BOKEN, V J;CRACKNELL, A P; HEATHCOTE, R L. (Org.). Monitoring and Predicting Agricultural Drought- A Global Study. New York, 2005, v. 1, p. 156-168.

      CAMARGO, Marcelo Bento Paes de; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; PEDRO JUNIOR, Mario José; BARDIN,Ludmila. Variabilidade Espacial e Temporal de dados Termopluviométricos Diarios da Rede de Estações Agrometeorológicas do Instituto Agronomico-IAC. Bragantia, Campinas-SP, v. 64, n. 3, p. 475-485, 2005.

      CARAMORI, Paulo H; OLIVEIRA, Dalziza de; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; H.BERGAMASCHI; BRAGA, HugoJose. Diagnostico da Agrometeorologia operacional no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia,Santa Maria-RS, v. 10, n. 2, p. 363-371, 2003.

      CARAMORI, Paulo H; OLIVEIRA, Dalziza de; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; H.BERGAMASCHI; BRAGA, HugoJose. Diagnostico da Agrometeorologia operacional no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia,Santa Maria-RS, v. 10, n. 2, p. 363-371, 2003.

      REISSER JÚNIOR, C.; CHAVARRIA, G.; WREGE, M. S.; HERTER, F. G.; STEINMETZ, S.; VERÍSSIMO, V. Correlação do Acúmulo de Horas de Frio entre duas Estações Agroclimatológicas situadas em diferentes posições geográficas no município de Pelotas-RS. Comunicado Técnico. Pelotas-RS:Embrapa Clima Temperado, 2004.

      STEINMETZ, S., AMARAL, Alexandre G. Mapeamento do Risco de Frio Durante o Período Reprodutivo do Arroz Irrigado no Rio Grande do Sul. Publicação técnico-científica. Pelotas:Embrapa Clima Temperado, 2002.

      WREGE, M. S.; HERTER, F. G.; REISSER JÚNIOR, C.; STEINMETZ, S.; COSTA, A. V.; CHAVARRIA, G.; PEREIRA, I. S. Estimativa de Horas de Frio para as Regiões da Serra do Sudeste e da Campanha no Rio Grande do Sul. Comunicado Técnico. Pelotas:Embrapa Clima Temperado, 2004.

      Note: Publications in PDF, available at the web site: http://www.cpact.embrapa.br/agromet (in Portuguese)
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Note: It has not been done in many cases-But For Sao Paulo State the farmers get 50% support n their allowance for insurance, paid by the State Government.
      But the Economic Institute of São Paulo State, has made some studies, for the off season maize crops, and for coffee, that the use of agrometeorological informtaions have reduced the financial lost for the farmers- and this is more relevant for maize.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      DSSAT (Ceres-Rice; initial stage of development)

      Siscana- Sugar Cane agrometeorological system

      SMARCA- Agrometeorological Monitoring and climatic risks analysis system

      Agrometeological and agroclimatic Risk Assessment and Monitoring
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      ARRUDA, Flavio B; PIRES, Regina Célia Matos; CAMARGO, Marcelo Bento Paes de; BRUNINI, Orivaldo. Estudos de consumo de água e coeficiente de cultura. Irrigação Tecnologia Moderna Item, Viçosa, v. 52, n. 52/53, p. 58-63, 2002.

      BARBANO, Marcelo Trevizan; SAWASAKI, Eduardo; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; GALLO, Paulo Boller; PAULO,Edison Martins. Temperatura base e soma termica para cultivares de milho pipoca( Zea mays L.) no sub-periodo emergencia -florescimento masculino. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia, Santa Maria-RS, v. 11, n. 1, p. 79-84, 2003.

      BOLOGNESI, Denizart; SILVA, Emerson Alves da; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; MUTTON, Miguel Angelo;SCALA JR, Newton La; MARTINS, Antonio Lucio Melo. Potencial de sequestro de carbono do sistema plantio direto na renovação de cana crua e pastagem. O Agronômico, Campinas, v. 56, n. 2, p. 14-17,2004.

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo. Evapotranspiração de Comunidades Vegetais. Campinas:FUNDAG-IAC-Fehidro-Boletim Técnico para atendimento a agricultores e extensionistas, 2002. (Boletim Técnico).

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo. Manejo da Agua em Comunidades vegetais. Campinas: FUNDAG-IAC- Fehidro -Boletim Técnico para atendimento a agricultores e extensionistas, 2002. (Boletim Técnico).

      BRUNINI, Orivaldo; BARBANO, Marcelo Trevizan; WUTKE, Elaine Bahia. Probabilidade de ocorrencia de temperatura do ar superior a 32ºC na floração do feijoeiro ,cv.Carioca nasafra das aguas no Estado de São Paulo. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia, Piracicaba-SP, v. 13, n. 2, p. 353-377, 2005.

      CABRAL, Osvaldo M R; ROCHA, Humberto R da; LIGO, Marcos Antonio V; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; DIAS, Maria Asuução F S. Fluxos turbulentos de calor sensivel,vapor de agua e co2 sobre plantação de canade açucar(s.sp) em Sertãozinho-SP. Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia, São José dos Campos, v. 18, n.1, p. 61-70, 2003.

      HERTER, F.G.; MARAFON, A.C.; BACARIN, M.; RODRIGUES, A.C. Carbohydrate levels, peroxidase activity and vascular connections in tissues of peach trees (Prunus sp) cv. Jubileu with a peach tree short life (PTSL) symptom. Abstract... 27th International Horticultural Congress & Exhibition (ISHS), Seoul, p.316, August, 2006.

      MELLO, L.T.A de, MARQUES. R.C.A . Confiabilidade do Modelo Mbar para Obtenção
      do Balanço Hídrico Seqüencial Diário das Estações Meteorológicas de Belo Horizonte e Pedra Azul. XIV Congresso Brasileiro de Agrometeorologia, Campinas-São Paulo; 2005; Anais.

      RIBEIRO, A., VIANELLO, R.L., COSTA, L.C.,DANGIOLELLA, G. Sisemas de tomada
      de decisão agrícola, em tempo real, baseada no estudo diagnóstico e prognóstico do tempo meteorológico, para o Estado de Minas Gerais In: GISBRASIL, 2004, São Paulo.

      PINTO, H.s.; ASSAD, Eduardo; ZULLO JUNIOR, Jurandir; BRUNINI, Orivaldo. O aquecimento global e aAgricultura. Com Ciencias Fapesp, São Paulo, v. 1, p. 1-7, 2002.

      SILVA, Emerson Alves da; MAZZAFERA, Paulo; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; SAKAI, Emilio; ARRUDA, Flavio Bussmeyer; MATTOSO, L C H; CARVALHO, C R L; PIRES, Regina Célia Matos. The influence of watermanagement and environmental conditions on the chemical composition and beverage quality of coffee cherries. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, Brasilia, v. 17, n. 2, p. 229-238, 2005.

      SILVEIRA, C.A.P.; HERTER, F.G.; RASEIRA, M.C.B.; CAMELATTO, D.; TREVISAN, R. Pollen meiosis its a index for time of hydrogen cyanamid and mineral oil application in peach tree cv. Riograndense. Abstract.... 27th International Horticultural Congress & Exhibition (ISHS), Seoul, p. 208, August, 2006.

      STEINMETZ, S. ; ASSIS, F. N. de ; BURIOL, G. A. ; ESTEFANEL, V. ; DIDONÉ, I.A. ; OLIVEIRA, H. T. ; SIMONETI, C. . Probabilidade de ocorrência de temperaturas mínimas do ar durante o período reprodutivo do arroz irrigado, na metade norte do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia, Santa Maria, v. 11, n. 1, p. 107-121, 2003.

      STEINMETZ, S. ; ASSIS, F. N. de ; BURIOL, G. A. ; ESTEFANEL, V. ; AMARAL, A. G.; FERREIRA, J. S. A . Mapeamento das probabilidades de ocorrência de temperaturas mínimas do ar, durante o período reprodutivo do arroz irrigado, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia, Santa Maria, v. 11, n. 1, p. 169-179, 2003.

      VIANELLO, R.L., ABREU, M.L., NUNES, H.M.T., MOREIRA, J.L.B.;Verão
      Anômalo 2003-2004 em Minas Gerais; XIII Congresso Brasileiro de Meteorologia,
      Fortaleza; 2004; Anais.

      VIANELLO, R.L., GUIMARAES, W. Aplicación de un sistema pronóstico
      hidrometeorologico. In: Seminario Iberoamericano sobre sistemas de información y
      pronóstico hidrometeorológico, 2004, Valencia, Espanha.

      WREGE, M.S. CARAMORI, P.H.; GONÇALVES, A.C.A.; BERTONHA, A.; FERREIRA, R.C. ; CAVIGLIONE, J. H.; FARIA, R.T.; FREITAS, P.S.L. de; GONÇALVES, S.L. Regiões potenciais para cultivo da cana-de-açúcar no Paraná, com base na análise do risco de geadas. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia, Santa Maria, v.13, n.1, p.113-122, 2005.

      WREGE, M.S.; CARAMORI, P. H.; GONÇALVES, A.C. A.; BERTONHA, A.; CAVIGLIONE, J. H.; FARIA, R.T.; FERREIRA, R.C.; FREITAS, P.S.L. de; GONÇALVES, S. L. Ocorrência da primeira geada de outono e última de primavera no Estado do Paraná. Revista Brasileira de Agrometeorologia, Santa Maria-RS, v.12, n.1, p.143-150, 2004.

      WREGE, Marcos Silveira; HERTER, Flavio Gilberto; PEREIRA, Arione da Silva; CARAMORI, Paulo Henrique; GONÇALVES, Sergio Luiz; BRAGA, Hugo José; PANDOLFO, Cristina; MATZENAUER,Ronaldo; CAMARGO, Marcelo Bento Paes de; BRUNINI, Orivaldo; STEINMETZ, Silvio; REISSERJUNIOR, Carlos; FERRERIRA, Jean Samarone de Almeida; SANS, Luiz Marcelo de Aguiar.Caracterização Climática das Regiões Produtoras de Batata no Brasil. Documentos CPACT, Pelotas, v. I,p. 1-35, 2004.
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