National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Bulgaria

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....1
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....7
          2. - Class III-IV .....22
          3. - Others .....12
          4. - PhD .....1
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....2
          2. - Personal computers .....10
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....33
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....0
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....32
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....0
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....0
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Forecasts of crops growth and development – weekly, monthly and seasonal

      Information for soil water dynamics in 0-100 cm soil layer - weekly, monthly and seasonal

      Phenological forecasts for stages occurrence of main stages for crops, orchard and forest trees

      Crop yields forecast for cereals

      Early warning of farmers for extreme weather phenomena and pest and diseases appearance

      Management of irrigation assistance

      Evapotranspiration monitoring and decision support

      Agroclimatic resources assessment and zoning territory for different type of crops growing

      Creating and support of agrometeorological data base

      Creating and management of to the main page of the NIMH www.meteo.bg



    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....No
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....No
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.meteo.bg
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Agrometeorological bulletin
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of agriculture and Forests

        National Service of Plant Protection

        Ministry of Environment and Water Resources

        Ministry of Education and Science

        Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Newspapers

        Insurance Companies

        Legal Institutions

        Broadcast and TV Companies

        Internet distributors and specialized sites


    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Kazandjiev V., 2005. Low temperatures and frost during 1995-2005 and their unfavorable impact on agricultural crops development and production, Icing on Structures-open workshop in the frame of COST Action 727, 29.11.2005, Sofia, NIMH, CD-version.

      Kazandjiev V., N. Slavov 2005. Climatic Factors variability and their impact on the development of common locust forest trees (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Bulgaria, 7-th ECAM, Utrecht, Netherland, 12-16 September 2005, CD-version.

      Kazandjiev V., N. Slavov 2004. Phytoclimatic Assessment of Air Temperatures Transition across Important Boundary Values, Proceedings of the Conference on Water Observation and Information System for Decision Support (BALWOIS) Ohrid, Macedonia, 25-29 May 2004, p.33 and full text of papers in CD-version.

      Marinova T., V. Sharov, N. Slavov, 2002. Investigation of vegetative Cover effects on soil temperature regime. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, v.13, n. 3-4, p.

      Slavov N., M. Moteva, G. Patamanska, 2004. Matehematical modeling on maize crop water regime. The 4-th international workshop research n irrigation and drainage, Skopie Macedonia, p. 107-112.

      Slavov N., P. Ristevski , T. Marinova, 2002. Study of Long-term variability of Air temperature in Republic of Macedonia. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, v.13,n 1-2, p. 40-52.

      Slavov N., P. Ristevski , T. Marinova, 2002. Study of Long- term variability of Air temperature in Republic of Macedonia. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, v.13,n 1-2, p. 40-52.
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Kazandjiev V., L.Kuchera 2004. The MOCA DB data, The EC AGRO-Meteorological system; The MARS Crop Yeld Forecasting System, Prague 06-09.10.2004, Crop monographies on central European Countries v.4, p.59-76.

      Kazandjiev V., B. Peev 2005. Preconditions for disasters from elemental meteorological processes and phenomena, Proceedings from Scientific and Applied Conference on Management in Emergency Conditions and Population Protection, BAS, p. 186-193. (in Bulgarian)

      Kazandjiev V., V. Georgieva 2005. Extreme Meteorological Conditions and Production of Autumn Cereal Crops in Bulgaria, Proceedings from Scientific and Applied Conference on Management in Emergency Conditions and Population Protection, BAS, p. 106-115. (in Bulgarian)

      Kazandjiev V., V. Georgieva 2005. WOFOST Model Calibration for Soybean Yields in Conditions of North Bulgaria, Proceedings from Scientific and Conference 80 years Institute of Soybean and Forage Crops, Pavlikeni, p. 244-253. (in Bulgarian)

      Slavov N., M. Moteva 2005. Research on Droughts in North Bulgaria During 20-th century, J. of Ecology and Industry v. 7, p. 68-70. (in Bulgarian)
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      WOFOST
      CERES
      CROPWAT
      SWAT
      Plant Model
      CROPSIM
      Water Mod
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Alexandrov, V. and J. Eitzinger, The Potential Effect of Climate Change and Elevated Air Carbon Dioxide on Agricultural Crop Production in Central and Southeastern Europe. Journal of Crop Production (2004).

      Alexandrov, V. and N. Slavov, 2004. Drought Impacts on Crops. In: Knight, C. G., I. Raev and M. Staneva (eds.). 2004. Drought in Bulgaria: A Contemporary Analog for Climate Change. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited, pp. 157-170.

      Alexandrov, V., Climate variability and change and related drought on Balkan Peninsula. Proceedings of the Conference on Water Observation and Information System for Decision Support (BALWOIS) Ohrid, Macedonia, (CD version) (2004).

      Kazandjiev V, N. Slavov 2005. Investigation on the phenological development of beech trees (Fagus silvatica L.) in Bulgaria, International Congress of Biometeorology, COST 725 MCM, Garmich Partenkirchen, 5-9 September 2005, CD-version.

      Kazandjiev V., 2005. Low temperatures and frost during 1995-2005 and their unfavorable impact on agricultural crops development and production, Icing on Structures-open workshop in the frame of COST Action 727, 29.11.2005, Sofia, NIMH, CD-version

      Kazandjiev V., N. Slavov 2005. Air temperature impact on the Phenological development of common locust forest trees (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Bulgaria, BJMH (in print).

      Kazandjiev V., N. Slavov 2005. Climatic Factors variability and their impact on the development of common locust forest trees (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Bulgaria, 7-th ECAM, Utrecht, Netherland, 12-16 September 2005, CD-version.

      Kazandjiev V., L.Kuchera 2004. The MOCA DB data, The EC AGRO-Meteorological system; The MARS Crop Yeld Forecasting System, Prague 06-09.10.2004, Crop monographies on central European Countries v.4, p.59-76.

      Kazandjiev V., N. Slavov 2004. Phytoclimatic Assessment of Air Temperatures Transition across Important Boundary Values, Proceedings of the Conference on Water Observation and Information System for Decision Support (BALWOIS) Ohrid, Macedonia, 25-29 May 2004, p.33 and full text of papers in CD-version.

      Kazandjiev, V. 2004. Agrometeorological Aspects of Drought in Bulgaria During Last Decade (1994-2003), Proceedings of the EWRA Symposium on “Water Resources Management- Risks and Challenges for the 21st Century”, Izmir, Turkey 2-4 September, 2004, p. 331-342

      Marinova T., V. Sharov, N. Slavov, 2002. Investigation of vegetative Cover еffects on soil temperature regime. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, v.13, n. 3-4, p.

      Marinova T., V. Sharov, N. Slavov, 2002. Investigation of vegetative Cover iffects on soil temperature regime. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, v.13, n. 3-4, p.

      Moteva M., N. Slavov, A. Mehandjieva, 2005. Depletion of the available water of rain fed and furrow-irrigated maize in a cinamonic red forest soil, ICID 21 st European Conference 2005. Frankfurt (Oder) and Slubice. Germany and Poland. CD-version.

      Slavov N at all, 2004. Drought in Bulgaria. A contemporary analog for climate change. ASHGATE. Publishing Limited. 336 p.

      Slavov N., G. Patamanska, 2005. Estimation of vertical soil water profile using spline interpolation, ICID 21-th European Conference 2005. Frankfurt (Oder) and Slubice. Germany and Poland. CD-version.

      Slavov N., M. Moteva , G. Patamanska, 2004. Matehematical modeling on maize crop water regime. The 4-th international workshop research n irrigation and drainage, Skopie Macedonia, p. 107-112.

      Slavov N., M. Moteva, 2004. Relatin between the reference evapotranspiration and the measured evaporation from open water surface in Bulgaria. “BALVOIS 2004”. Ohrid Macedonia CD v.

      Slavov N., P. Ristevski , T. Marinova, 2002. Study of Long- term variability of Air temperature in Republic of Macedonia. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, v.13,n 1-2, p. 40-52.

      Slavov N., P. Ristevski , T. Marinova, 2002. Study of Long- term variability of Air temperature in Republic of Macedonia. Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, v.13,n 1-2, p. 40-52.

      Slavov N., T. Marinova, P. Ristevski, 2004. Long-term variability of precipitation in Republic Macedonia. “BALVOIS 2004”. Ohrid Macedonia CD v.

      Slavov N., V. Kazandjiev, 2004. Phеnological development investigation of common locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) trees in Bulgaria , J. of Silva Balcanica, v. 5, p. 61-70.

      Slavov N., V. Kazandjiev. 2003. Phytoclimatic assessment of aqir temperatures transitin across important boundary values, “European agro-phenlogy meetig”4-5 Decembre JRS Meeting ISPRA Italy CD v.

      Вандова, М. Агроклиматична оценка на естествените условия ва овлажнение в Пазарджишка област.- Екология и индустрия,т.6,№2,2004, 194-196 с.

      Вандова, М. Агроклиматична оценка на естествените условия ва овлажнение в Пазарджишка област.-Международна научна конференция “БАЛКАНИРЕКО’04”, с., 9-11 юни 2004 г.

      Вандова, М. Метод за дългосрочно прогнозиране настъпването на фенофазите при смокинята.- Екология и индустрия, т. 7, № 2,2005, 206-207 с.

      Вандова, М. Оценка на агроклиматичните ресурси.- Методически подход за определяне на необлагодетелстваните райони и районите с екологични ограничения, С., 2004

      Вандова, М.Регресионни модели за дългосрочно прогнозиране развитието на смокинята.- Екология и индустрия, т.6, №2, 2004,197-198 с.

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова. Агроклиматично райониране на соята в България.- Екология и индустрия, т. 7, № 2, 2005, 207-209 с.

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова. Агроклиматични условия в България за отглеждане на соята като втора култура.-Екология и индустрия, т.6,01, 94-96 С.

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова. Агроклиматични условия в България за отглеждане на соята като втора култура.-Международна научна конференция “БАЛКАНИРЕКО’04”, с., 9-11 юни 2004 г.

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова. Агроклиматични условия за отглеждане на соята в България.- Земеделие плюс, кн.,4,2004, 8-10 с.

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова. Влияние на агрометеорологичните условия върху развитието на соята.- Земеделие плюс, кн.5,2004, 6-8 с.

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова. Влияние на агрометеорологичните условия върху величината на добива от соята.- Земеделие плюс, кн.8,2004, 7-9 с.

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова. Възможности за по-дългосрочно прогнозиране развитието на соята.- Земеделие плюс, кн.9,2004,

      Гюрова, М., М. Вандова.Условия на овлажнение за отглеждане на соята като следжътвена култура.- Земеделие плюс, 2005, кн.8, 13-14 с.

      Гюрова,М., М. Вандова. Температурни условия за отглеждане на соята като следжътвена култура.- Земеделие плюс, 2005, кн. 5, 14-15 с.

      Казанджиев В., Б. Пеев 2005. Предпоставки за бедствията от стихийни метеорологични процеси и явления, Сб. Доклади на Научно-приложна конференция по управление в извънредни ситуации и защита на населението, , БАН 10.11.2005. (под печат)

      Казанджиев В., В. Георгиева 2005. Екстремните метеорологични условия и производството на есенни зърнени култури в България, Сб. Доклади на Научно-приложна конференция по управление в извънредни ситуации и защита на населението, София, БАН 10.11.2005. (под печат)

      Казанджиев В., В. Георгиева 2005. Калибриране на модела WOFOST за прогнозиране на добивите от соя (Glycine hispida (Moench) Maxim) за условията на Северна България, Сб. Научни доклади на научна конференция по случай 80 години Институт за соята и фуражните култури 8-9 септември 2005, Павликени, 244-253.

      Славов Н., В. Георгиева, 2004. Връзка между влагозапасите в различните почвени слоеве при основните почвени типове в България. СП. Селскoстoпанска техника, т. XLI, n. 4, стр. 43-48.

      Славов Н., В. Георгиева, 2005. Вoдните ресурси на почвата и климатичните промени в Северна България през миналото столетие, Сп. Екология и индустрия, т. 7, кн. 2, с. 167-170.

      Славов Н., В. Георгиева, 2005. Многогодишни колебания на водните ресурси на почвата и климатичните промени в Южна България, Сб. Селекция и агротехника на полските култури., стр. 363-368.

      Славов Н., В. Георгиева, М. Мотева, 2005. Промяната на климата през последното столетие и негативните изменения на природните ресурси, Сб. Управление, използване и опазване на почвените ресурси, стр. 533-538.

      Славов Н., В. Казанджиев 2005. Изследване на влиянието на температурата на въздуха върху фенологичното развитие на бялата акация (Robinia preudoacacia L.) в България, Сборник доклади от конференция-семинар “Балканска икономическа реконструкция и екология-БАЛКАНИРЕКО’05”, Екология и индустрия том 7/2 2005, стр. 285-289.

      Славов Н., Г. Георгиев, В. Георгиева, 2005. Многогодишни колебания на водните ресурси на почвата и климатичните промени на Северозападна България, Сб. Селекция и технологични аспекти при производството и преработката на соя, с. 236-243.

      Славов Н., Г. Георгиев, М. Мотева, 2005. Изследване характеристиките на засушаването през последното столетие в Северозападна България. Сб. Селекция и технологични аспекти при производството и преработката на соя, с. 227-235.

      Славов Н., М. Мотева, 2005. Върху някои характеристики на засушаването в България, Сб. Се Селекция и агротехника на полските култури., стр. 369-373.

      Славов Н., М. Мотева, В. Георгиева, 2004. Промените на климата и засушаването в България през последното столетие. Сп. “Водно дело”, кн.1-2, стр. 33-37.

      Славов Н., М. Мотева, В. Георгиева, 2005. Върху усвояемостта на валежите при формиране на водните запаси на почвата, Сб. Биоразнообразие. Екосистеми. Глобални промени, стр. 417-424.

      Славов Н., М. Мотева, В. Георгиева, 2005. Изменението на климата през последното столетие в Североизточна България и влиянието му върху земеделието, Изв. на съюза на учените-Русе, сер. Аграрни и ветеринарно-медицински науки, 5, 160-165.

      Славов Н., М. Мотева,. 2005. Изследване на засушаванията в Северна България през миналото столетие, Сп. Екология и индустрия, т.7, с.68-70.

      Славов Н.,М. Мотева, 2003. Оценка на ресурсите слънчева радиация за пресмятане на еваптранспирацията по ФАО Penman-Monteith в България. Сп. Селскостопанска техника”, т. XL, n. 5-6, стр. 149-152.
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