National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Serbia

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....1
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....12
          2. - Class III-IV .....2
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....0
          2. - Personal computers .....13
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....0
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....0
          5. - Vehicles .....0
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....1
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....2
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....100
        2. - New instruments added .....0
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....100
        2. - New instruments added .....2
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological data and values of computed agrometeorological parameters as a necessary input for various activities (e.g. plant protection, exploitation of the irrigation systems, definition of technological maturity of some crops etc.)

      Seven-day, ten-day, monthly, seasonal and annual agrometeorological analyses (analyses of the influence of meteorological factors on the development, growth and yield of crops)

      Agrometeorological forecasts, advice and warnings in unfavourable weather conditions

      Annual reviews of agrometeorological observations (yearbooks, e.g. Soil Temperature, Phenological, Class A Evaporation)

      Periodical publications of the results of agrometeorological research
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.hidmet.sr.gov.yu – Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia
        http://www.meteo.cg.yu – Hydrometeorological Service of Montenegro

      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Beginning with January 2004, Agrometeorological Department of Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia was preparing new, significantly improved versions of regular agrometeorological bulletins: seven-day, ten-day, monthly and annual. Bulletins are based on actual agrometeorological data obtained from meteorological network on the territory of Serbia, existing agroclimatic documentation, short and medium - range weather forecast., as well as on other information (agricultural, biological) obtained from agricultural organizations and field - specialists. The base period 1971-2000. is used for the climate anomalies assessment The most important agrometeorological parameters, such as potential evapotranspiration, various moisture indices, effective temperature sums, are calculated and presented. Besides the appropriate presentations of the relevant numeric values, bulletins comprise brief summaries of the influence of meteorological factors on the development, growth and yield of crop and seasonal field works carried out in the preceding period, assessment of the crop state, as well as agrometeorological forecasts, advices and warnings in unfavorable weather conditions. On the website of Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia are posted and regularly updated Internet versions of seven-day, ten-day, monthly and annual agrometeorological bulletins. In the Appendix No 1 there is an example of the Monthly Agrometeorological Bulletin. It is, in fact, an outline in English of the original bulletin in Serbian.

        The website of Hydrometeorological Service of Montenegro is under serious reconstruction. Besides other improvements, introduction of agrometeorological pages is planned. These pages will contain monthly agrometeorological bulletin, actual soil temperature data, phenological observation review, as well as fire weather section.
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of Republic of Serbia,
        Nemanjina 22-26, 11000 Beograd, Srbija

        Chamber of Commerce of Vojvodina Province, Bulevar Mihajla Pupina 24, 21000 Novi Sad, Srbija

        Association of Cooperatives of Republic of Srbia, Resavska 15, 11000 Beograd, Srbija

        Institute of Plant Protection and Environment, Teodora Drajzera 9, 11000 Beograd, Srbija

        Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000 Novi Sad, Srbija

        Institute for Research of Medical Plants, Dr Josip Panji, 11000 Beograd, Srbija

        Institute for Corn Zemun Polje, Stanislava Baji}a 1, 11085 Zemun Polje, Srbija

        University in Novi Sad, Centre for Meteorology and Environmental,Modeling, Dositej Obradovi} Sq., 21000 Novi Sad, Srbija

        Faculty for Agriculture – University in Novi Sad, Dositej Obradovi} Sq., 21000 Novi Sad, Srbija

        Faculty for Agriculture – University in Beograd, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Zemun, Srbija

        Biotechnical Institute, Kralja Nikole b.b., 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        None
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....No
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Research of agroecological conditions of growth and development of most important crops

      Study of soil water regime of the soil with most important arable crops

      Investigations of phenological features of plant development

      Study of weather phenomena causing damage in agriculture, especially drought and frosts

      Analyses of the influence of meteorological factors on plant diseases and pests development

      Assessment of impacts of expected climate change on the agriculture on the territory of Serbia

      Investigation of influence of meteorological factors on the appearance and spreading of forest fires. Appropriate pilot project was realized under the leading of Hydrometeorological Service of Montenegro during previous two years. It is expected that warning and protection system based on the forest fire weather index operational calculations will be established during the next year in the south-west parts of Montenegro (Appendix No 2). In mentioned area which lies along the Adriatic coast, forest and other wild land fires cause considerable loss during the dry summer months.
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Agrometeorological/meteorological/climatological information usage in various aspects of agricultural production and related scientific research continued to increase during the past several years. Meanwhile, there where no case studies about socio-economic benefits of agrometeorological service.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      CROPSYST – Cropping Systems Simulation Model, Washington State University

      Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, University of California: VC IPM Online –Run degree-day models

      Integrated Plant Protection Center, Oregon State University: Online Phenology and Degree-day Models

      CropWat for Windows, University of Southampton
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Spasov P., 2002: Climate change and agriculture, Agricultural almanac - 2003, 48-51, Beograd, Serbia.

      Dodig D., Aleksić V., Spasov P., Petrović R., Miletić R., 2002: Climate changes in eastern Serbia and their infuence on plant production and ecosystem, International Conference on Drought Mitigation and Prevention of Land Desertification, Bled, Slovenia, April 21-25.

      Spasov P., Spasov D., Petrović P., 2002: Changes in drought occurence in Serbia, International Conference on Drought Mitigation and Prevention of Land Desertification, Bled, Slovenia, April 21-25.

      Miljković N., Skorić M., 2002: Drought and aridization of land, International Conference on Druought Mitigation and Prevention of Land Desertification, Bled, Slovenia, April 21-25.

      Maksimović L., Dragović S. 2002: Effect of irrigation on sugar-beet yield increase and stabilization in the Vojvodina Province, International Conference on Drought Mitigation and Prevention of Land Desertification, Bled, Slovenia, April 21-25.

      Dodig D., Quarrie, S., Stojanović Z., Milijić Z., Denčić S., 2002: Characterizing wheat genetic resources for responses to drought stress, International Conference on Drought Mitigation and Prevention of Land Desertification, Bled, Slovenia, April 21-25.

      Spasov P., 2002: Effect of climate changes and variability on the plant production in Serbia. Meeting of Working Group on the Impacts of Desertification and the Drought and other Extreme Meteorological Events. Geneva. Switzerland.

      Mijušković D., Delević S., Perović T., 2002: Spring frosts in the period of fruit flowering,
      18th International Conference on Carpathian Meteorology: Mountain influence on weather,
      7-11 October, Belgrade, Serbia.

      Karagić Dj., Dragović S., Miksimovic L., 2002: Water balance of soil as the basis of water
      regime in cabbage, International Conference on Drought Mitigation and Prevention of Land
      Desertification, Bled, Slovenia, April 21-25.

      Spasov P., 2003: Drought occurrence in Serbia, drought monitoring and forecast possibilities.
      “Vodoprivreda“, vol. 201-202. January-April 2003/1-3, Beograd, Serbia

      Radičević Z., 2003: Frost as plum production risk in the Branicevo region. Symposium on the Ecology and Organic Agriculture in the Braničevo region, 178-184. Požaravac, Serbia

      Spasov P., 2003: Climate characteristics and irrigation requirements in the Braničevo region, Symposium on the Ecology and Organic Agriculture in the Braničevo region, Introductory exhibition, Požaravac, Serbia.

      Krajinović Z., 2003: Climate variability and agriculture, Agricultural almanac – 2004, 58-60, Beograd, Serbia.

      Lalić B., Mihajlović D.T., Balaz J., Koci I., Mirjanić Z., 2003: Prediction of occurence of plant diseases using the coupled biometeorological-atmospheric land surace model, Sixt European Conference of Applications of Meteorology, Rome, Italy.

      Spasov P., 2003: Posible impacts of climate change on agriculture, Agricultural almanac - 2004, 61-64, Beograd, Serbia.

      Milivojević J., Matović G., Nedić M., Ruml M., Bošnjaković G., Gajic B., Živković M., Radovanović S., 2004: Dependence of maturing time and yield of raspberry variety Willamette from the elevation and soil characteristics, 12th Meeting of orchardists of Serbia and Montenegro, Zlatibor, Serbia.

      Spasov P. 2004: Climate change and adaptation of agriculture, Agricultural almanac – 2005, Beograd, Serbia.

      Lalić B., Mihajlović D.T., 2004: An empirical relation describing leaf-area density inside the for- est for environmental modeling, Journal of Applied Meteorology, Volume: 43 Issue: 4, 641-645

      Mihajlović D.T., Alapaty K., Lalić B., Arsenić I., Rajković B., Malinović S., 2004: Turbulent transfer coefficient and calculation of air temperature inside tall grass canopies in land-atmosphere scheme for environmental modeling. for Environmental Modeling, Journal of Applied Meteorology, Volume: 43 Issue: 12, 1498-1512

      Spasov P., 2005: An application of remote sensing in agriculture, Agriculture almanac – 2006, 79-81, Beograd, Serbia.

      Guidelines for preparing of regular agrometeorological bulletins, reviws and analyses, 2005, Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia – internal technical paper, pp 40, Beograd. Serbia.

      Results of phenological observations on the most important fruit trees on the territory of Serbia during the standard thirty-year period 961-1990., 2005, Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia, pp 74, Beograd, Serbia

      Kostadinov S. , Spasov P., 2006: Indicators of desertification in Serbia, BALWOIS 2006, Conference on Water Observation and Information System for Decision Support, Ohrid, Macedonia, May 23-26
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