National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.



New Zealand

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....7
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....20
          2. - Class I-II .....N/A
          3. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          4. - Others .....2
          5. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....1
          2. - Personal computers .....1
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....20
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....20
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....20
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....650
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....650
        2. - New instruments added .....150
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....150
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Historic and up-to-date data provision

      Data estimates at locations between observation sites

      Up-to-date products (line plots and maps) of current climate conditions

      Weather forecasting

      15 day forecasting

      Seasonal climate outlooks (3 months)

      Soil moisture status (monitoring)

      Degree-day monitoring

      Pasture growth status and forecast

      Historical analyses for agricultural management

      Climate change projections of several parameters

      The NZ Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF):
      (1) provides support for climate change modelling in relation to specific Ag and
      Forestry sector parameters, e.g., fire, disease, agricultural enterprise, water impact;
      (2) administers an adverse events policy for agriculture.
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Data provision (free)

        Product provision (free and subscription-based)

        Information for decision making (historical and forecasting)
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        NZ Ministry for Agriculture and Forestry

        NZ Ministry for Environment

        NZ Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Trade (incorporating New Zealand Agency for

        International Development (NZAID))

        Pacific Islands Applied Geosciences Commission (SOPAC)

        Secretariat for the Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP)
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....N/A
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals? .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....Yes
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....N/A
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....N/A
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....N/A
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Use of drought and seasonal forecasting analysis in Northland during
      2009/2010 to provide early warning and material for planning drought

      Use of climate monitoring in the analysis of farming system change in the
      north east of the South Island.

      Use of pasture growth model output to inform an emerging milk solids futures

      Collaboration with Dairy Farming Research Company to monitor and model
      on-farm milk solids production and economic return.

      Collaboration with Agricultural Research Institute to model Nitrate and
      Phosphate leaching from fertiliser application
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      NZ Local Area Model

      Porteous Water Balance


      NCEP/NCAR Ensemble


      NZ Whole Farm Model




  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Days of soil moisture deficit

      Degree of soil moisture deficit

      Rainfall anomalies

      Temperature anomalies

      Rainfall percentiles
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      Meteorological Society of New Zealand

      New Zealand Institute of Agricultural and Horticultural Science

      New Zealand Society of Animal Production

      New Zealand Grassland Association

      Agronomy Society of New Zealand
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Baisden, W.T. (2006). Agricultural and forest productivity for modelling policy
      scenarios: evaluating approaches for New Zealand greenhouse gas mitigation.
      Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 36, 1–15.

      Beukes, P.C., Clark, C.E.F., Romera, A.J., Levy, G., Lee, J.M., 2008. Using a
      climate-driven farm model to predict herbage mass for individual paddocks on
      New Zealand dairy farms. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland
      Association 70, 159-163.

      Dynes, R., Payn, T., Brown, H., Bryant, J., Newton, P., Snow, V., Lieffering, M., Wilson, D., and Beets, P. 2010. “New Zealand’s land-based primary industries
      and climate change: Assessing adaptation through scenario-based modelling”
      Chapter 3 in New Zealand Climate Change Centre. 2010. “Climate change
      adaptation in New Zealand: Future scenarios and some sectoral perspectives.”
      Nottage, R.A.C., Wratt, D.S., Borman, J.F., Jones, K. (eds), Wellington, 136p.

      EcoClimate (2008). Costs and benefits of climate change and adaptation to climate
      change in New Zealand agriculture: What do we know so far? Report prepared
      for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Wellington, New Zealand, 24 April
      2008, 121p.

      Johnson IR, Chapman DF, Snow VO, Eckard RJ, Parsons AJ, Lambert MG, Cullen
      BR 2008. DairyMod and EcoMod: biophysical pasture simulation models for
      Australia and New Zealand. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 48:

      Kenny, G. 2010. “Adaptation in agriculture: Lessons for resilience from eastern
      regions of New Zealand.” Chapter 4 in New Zealand Climate Change Centre.
      2010. “Climate change adaptation in New Zealand: Future scenarios and some
      sectoral perspectives.” Nottage, R.A.C., Wratt, D.S., Borman, J.F., Jones, K.
      (eds), Wellington, 136p.

      Maunder, W.J. 1966: Climatic variations and dairy production in New Zealand. New
      Zealand Science Review, 24(6), pp 69-73.

      Maunder, W.J. 1968: Effect of significant climatic factors on agricultural production and incomes: A New Zealand example. Monthly Weather Review, 96(1), pp 39-

      Moir JL, Scotter DR, Hedley MJ, Mackay AD 2000. A climate-driven, soil fertility
      dependent, pasture production model. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural
      Research 43: 491–500.

      Romera, A.J., Beukes, P., Clark, C., Clark, D., Levy, H. and Tait, A. (2010) Use of a
      pasture growth model to estimate herbage mass at a paddock scale and assist
      management on dairy farms. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture,

      Tait, A.B; J.A Renwick and A.H Stroombergen (2005) The economic implications of
      climate-induced variations in milk production. New Zealand Journal of
      Agricultural Research, 48, pp 213-225.

      Tait, A.; T. Baisden; D. Wratt; B. Mullan and A. Stroombergen (2008) An initial
      assessment of the potential effects of climate change on New Zealand
      agriculture. New Zealand Science Review, 65(3), 50–56.

      Wastney ME, Palliser CC, Lile JA, MacDonald KA, Penno JW, Bright KP 2002. A
      whole-farm model applied to a dairy system. Proceedings of the New Zealand
      Animal Production Society 62: 120–123

      Wratt, D.; A. Tait; G. Griffiths; P. Espie; M. Jessen; J. Keys; M. Ladd; D. Lew; W. Lowther; I. Lynn; N. Mitchell; J. Morton; J. Reid; S. Reid; A. Richardson; J.
      Sansom and U. Shankar (2006) Climate for crops: Integrating climate data with
      information about soils and crop requirements to reduce risks in agricultural
      decision-making. Meteorological Applications, 13, pp 305–315.
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