National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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France

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....12
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....12
          2. - Class I-II .....N/A
          3. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          4. - Others .....N/A
          5. - PhD .....5
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....1
          2. - Personal computers .....1
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....1
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....160
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....1315
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....1529
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      High resolution short term meteorological forecasts (France is divided into 700 forecast zones). Range : 96 hours)

      Probabilistic forecasts. Range: 14 days.

      Seasonal forecasts. Range : 6 months with multi model approach (ECMWF, Météo-France, Met Office, IRI and JMA models)

      Climatological data and Numerical Weather forecast model outputs. Available on Météo-France website (http://climatheque.meteo.fr/okapi/accueil/okapiWeb/index.jsp)

      Hourly high resolution rainfall data (method based on rainfall scale-separation principle, rain gauge measurements and rainfall radar data)

      Rainfall radar images

      Specific products for agriculture: irrigation bulletin, phenological products, spatialized PET

      Optimal windows forecasts for fertilizers application

      Soil water content maps and drought indices

      Monthly forage production maps and water needs maps for irrigated crops for the Ministry of Agriculture

      Fire Weather Index maps and products
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....N/A
      3. - Radio and TV .....N/A
      4. - Press releases .....N/A
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        https://agro.meteofrance.com/agriculture/accueil
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Meteorological forecast

        observed data (ground network)

        rainfall radar images

        very high resolution rainfall analysis

        irrigation bulletins

        phenological products

        PET

        cumulated degree days
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        European Commission - Joint Research Centre. MARS (Monitoring Agriculture with Remote Sensing) Agrifish Unit

        Ministry of Agriculture

        Ministry of Ecology

        Civil protection

        INRA : National Institute for Agronomic Research

        ARVALIS – Institut du Végétal

        IFV (Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin): National Institute for Vineyard and Vine production
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Insurance companies: Groupama SA, Crédit Agricole

        Earth Observation: Infoterra, Géosys

        agribusiness companies: Dow Agro Science, De Sangosse Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer Cropscience, BASF, Limagrain, Pioneer

        MFI (Météo-France International - subsidiary of Météo-France)
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....No
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....No
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals? .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....Yes
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....Yes
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      N/A
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      STICS crop model (developped by INRA)
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Meteorological drought : SPI, percentiles

      Agrometeorological drought : Soil Water Index based on land surface scheme modelling (water budget and energy budget calculated at Soil Vegetation Atmosphere interface)

      Agrometeorological drought : Standardized Soil Water Index

      Agrometeorological drought : Self calibrated PDSI (for test only)

      Agrometeorological drought : soil moisture modelling with operational water balance model with two reservoirs. Drought assessment can be performed through a comparison of water content with different statistical thresholds
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      PleinChamp http://www.pleinchamp.com/

      Meteo consult http://france.meteoconsult.fr/meteo-france/prevision_meteo_france.php

      CIRAME http://www.agrometeo.fr/

      ACMG (Association climatologique de Moyenne Garonne) http://www.acmg.asso.fr/
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      A 50-year high-resolution atmospheric reanalysis over France with the Safran system. Vidal et al (2009).International Journal of Climatology. Published Online: 3 Sep 2009

      Multilevel and multiscale drought reanalysis over France with the Safran-Isba-Modcou hydrometeorological suite. Vidal et al (2010) Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14, 459–478, 2010.

      Potential impact of climate change on fire meteorological danger in France : observed trends and projections. Cloppet and Regimbeau (2009). Oral communication. 9th EMS / 9th ECAM conference. September 2009. Toulouse (France)

      High resolution fire danger modeling : integration of quantitative precipitation amount estimates derived from weather radars as an input of FWI Cloppet and Regimbeau (2009). Oral communication. 9th EMS / 9th ECAM conference. September 2009. Toulouse (France)

      Effect of climate change in herbivorous livestock systems, including arable crops, in the French area. Ruget et al (2009). Oral communication. 9th EMS / 9th ECAM conference. September 2009. Toulouse (France)

      Potential impact of climate change on agriculture and forestry in Europe. Cloppet (2006). Oral communication. 6th EMS / 6th ECAC conference. September 2006. Ljubljana (France)

      Agroclimatic conditions in Europe under Climate Change. Trnka, Mirek; Olesen, Jorgen; Kersebaum, Christian; Skjelvåg, Arne; Eitzinger, Josef; Seguin, Bernard; Peltonen-Sainio, Pirjo; Iglesias, Ana; Orlandini, Simone; Dubrovský, Martin; Hlavinka, Petr; Balek, Jan; Eckersten, Henrik; Cloppet, Emmanuel; Calanca, Pierluigi; Rötter, Reimund; Gobin, Anne; Vučetić, Visnja; Nejedlik, Pavol; Kumar, Suresh; Lalic, Branislava; Mestre, Antonio; Rossi, Frederica; Kozyra, Jerzy; Semerádová, Daniela; Žalud, Zdeněk. Submitted for publication in Global Change Biology
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