National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.




  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....10
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....N/A
          2. - Class I-II .....N/A
          3. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          4. - Others .....N/A
          5. - PhD .....8
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....10
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....100
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....112
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....Yes
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....No
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Specific weather forecasts for agriculture by fax, phone and internet

      Weather data service, including soil temperatures and 5cm temperatures

    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....No
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Regional 5-day forecast

        soil moisture maps

        radar pictures

        phenological bulletins

        frost forecasts
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Agroscope Swiss Federal Agricultural Research (ART, ACW, ALP)

        WSL (Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research)

        ETH (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)

        Swiss College of Agriculture (SHL)
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        fenaco group

    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....No
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....No
      4. - At regular intervals? .....No
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....No
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....No
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....No
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      SOPRA (Pest modeling, in collaboration with Agroscope ACW

      COSMO-ART (pollen dispersion)
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      Gruppe für Agrar- und Forstmeteorologie der Schweiz AFM, president: Dr. C. Ammann, Agroscope ART, Zurich
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Spirig, C.; Flechard, C. R.; Ammann, C. & Neftel, A.
      The annual ammonia budget of fertilised cut grassland; Part 1: Micrometeorological flux
      measurements and emissions after slurry application, Biogeosciences, 2010, 7, 521-536

      Defila, C. Phänologischer Rückblick ins Jahr 2008, Agrarforschung, 2009, 16, 158-162

      Studer S., R. Stöckli, C. Appenzeller *and P. L. Vidale, 2007, A comparative study of satellite
      and ground-based phenology Int. J. Biometeorology, doi:10.1007/s00484-006-0080-5

      Gehrig R, 2006, The influence of the hot and dry summer 2003 on the pollen season in
      Switzerland. Aerobiologia 22: 27-34.

      Rotach, M.W. et al., MAP D-PHASE: Real-time Demonstration of Weather Forecast Quality in the
      Alpine Region, Bulletin American Meteorological Society, 2009, 90, 1321–1336.

      Rotach MW, Andretta M, Calanca P, Weigel AP, Weiss A, 2008, Turbulence characteristics and
      exchange mechanisms in highly complex terrain, Acta Geophysicae, 56, 194-219

      Clot B, 2008, Pollen de l'air et risque d'allergie: l'évolution récente, Environnement, Risques &
      Santé, 7, 431-434.

      Köhler B, Gehrig R, Clot B, Ciotti V, Maspoli G. Ambrosialuftpollenmessungen in der Schweiz: Quantifizierung des Gefahrenpotentials und Indikator für die Ausbreitung der Pflanze: Nachrichtenbl. Deut. Pflanzenschutzd. 58: 299-303 (2006).

      Taramarcaz P, Lambelet C, Clot B, Keimer C, Hauser C. Progression and risk of ragweed allergy in Geneva: will Switzerland resist this invasion? Swiss Med Wkly 135: 538-548 (2005).

      Defila C, Clot B. Phytophenological trends in the Swiss Alps 1951 – 2002. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 14(2): 191-196 (2005).
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