National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Russian Federation

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....10
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....N/A
          2. - Class I-II .....272
          3. - Class III-IV .....849
          4. - Others .....N/A
          5. - PhD .....38
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....2
          2. - Personal computers .....75
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....5
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....5
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....3
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....12
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....60
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....1049
        2. - New instruments added .....2
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....4
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....1046
        2. - New instruments added .....4
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....5
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....No
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      The productivity forecast for different crops and with different lead times;

      The operational satellite monitoring results of the current crops state (maps, charts, tables);

      Evaluation of bioclimatic potential (BCP) in a changing climate;

      The drought monitoring results every 10 days (from May till October);

      The agro-meteorological bulletins every 10 days;

      The agro-meteorological advices, agro-meteorological information and reviews, agro-meteorological opinions on the request from agricultural organizations;

      The expert opinion concerning some insurance events.
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        www.cxm.obninsk.org
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Investigation of climate change (variation) impact on Russian agriculture;

        Agro-meteorological substantiation of field management, crop protection from frosts, diseases and pests;

        Methods of agro-meteorological observations;

        Agro-climatic support of the agrarian sector of economy;

        Satellite information used for crop monitoring and drought conditions;

        Agro-meteorological forecasts of crop yield and productivity;

        Economic effect from hydro-meteorological data application in the agro-industrial complex
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        The Russian Hydrometeorological Centre

        The Ministry on Agriculture of Russian Federation

        The Institute of the United States and Canady from Russian Academy of Sciences

        The National Research Institute of Agrochemistry

        The Soil Institute

        The Agrophysical Institute

        The Space Research Institute from Russian Academy of Sciences
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Insurance companies

        The farms
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....N/A
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals? .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      The advices to adapt the agronomical production to climate change;

      Assessment of the agricultural losses due the dangerous argo-meteorological phenomena.
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      simulation model of a water-heat and carbon regime and productivity of Russian agrosphere ;

      model of a life cycle and dynamics of the Colorado beetle

      automated information-advice system (AIAS) “Climate –Yield”;

      simulation model ”Weather – Climate – Yield”
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      the ratio of monthly precipitation to the sum of temperatures above 100 decreased tenfold;

      number of days with relative air humidity below 30%;

      number of days with the maximum air temperature above 250;

      water reserves (mm) in the 0-20, 0-50 and 0-100 cm soil layers;
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      N/A
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      A.V. Gordeev, A.D. Kleschenko, B.A. Chernyakov, O.D. Sirotenko. Bioclimatic potential of Russia: theory and practice. Ed. by A.V.Gordeev, Moscow, 2006. 516 p. (in Russian)

      A.V. Gordeev, A.D. Kleschenko et al. Bioclimatic potential of Russia: monitoring methods under climate change conditions. Ed.by A.V.Gordeev, Moscow, 2007. 235 p. (in Russian)

      A.V.Gordeev, A.D.Kleschenko et al. Bioclimatic potential of Russia: adaptation methods under climate change conditions. Ed.by. A.V.Gordeev, Moscow, 2008. 206 p. (in Russian)

      A. D. Kleschenko Scientific foundation of agro-meteorological and agro-climatic support to the agricultural sector of the Russian economy. – Meteorology and Hydrology, 2010, No.1, pp. 43-52.

      A. D. Kleschenko, O. D. Sirotenko, O. V. Virchenko Crop state monitoring and crops productivity forecasting in Russia. 2006. Agro-meteorological Monitoring in Russia and Central Asian Countries. European Commission, Joint Research Centre. Institute for protection and security of the Citizen. European Communities. 2006. pp. 77-85.

      A. D. Kleshchenko, O. D. Sirotenko The impact of observed climate change on productivity adaptation measures. 2007. International conference on the problem of hydro-meteorological security. The plenary lectures. Pp. 245 – 259. (in Russian)

      Problems of agro-meteorology in the global climate change. The proceedings of the State Enterprise “National Scientific & Research Institute on Agricultural Meteorology. 2007, No. 36, 462 p. (in Russian)
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