National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2006-2009

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Romania

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....N/A
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Total Number .....55
          2. - Class I-II .....5
          3. - Class III-IV .....30
          4. - Others .....14
          5. - PhD .....4
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....55
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....3
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....15
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. Prior to 2006 (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....55
        2. - New instruments added .....55
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....35
      2. Current (2009) (num)
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....55
        2. - New instruments added .....59
        3. - Automatic weather stations in use .....40
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....N/A
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....N/A
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agrometeorological Bulletin (diagnosis/forecasts agrometeorological) / weekley, monthly, seasonal (the season of spring, summer, autumn and winter);

      Specialized agrometeorological reports / the reports are produced monthly or seasonal and include information on national, regional or local area for one or more crops (barley and winter wheat, rape, maize, sunflower, sugar beet, fruit trees and vines);

      Specialized products (thematic maps of air and soil temperature, precipitation and soil moisture at specific dates for agricultural crops, indices and thermal index, aridity index, NDVI ) / weekley, decades, monthly, seasonal. These specific products are developed at national, regional or local area;

      Specialized papers published in national and international scientific journals or proceedings;

      Articles in specialized agricultural journals nationwide. These articles are disseminated on-line weekly, monthly and seasonally in electronically format (www.magazinagricol.ro; www.gazetafermierului.ro; www.lumeasatului.ro; www.profitulagricol.ro; www.revista-ferma.ro);

      Press release as a result of scientific events with the theme in the field of extreme weather impact on agriculture.
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Bulletins .....Yes
      2. - Brochures .....Yes
      3. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      4. - Press releases .....Yes
      5. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      6. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.meteoromania.ro/images/agro/rezervaapa.pdf

        http://www.inmh.ro/images/agro/buletinagro.pdf

        http://www.meteoromania.ro
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Maps of soil moisture for winter wheat and corn crops updated at the beginning and end of each week;

        Weekly agrometeorological forecast developed farming of the entire agricultural territory of the country, including specific recommendations depending on the weather evolution
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Environment and Forest

        Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

        Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences "Gheorghe Ionescu-Sisesti"

        University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Agriculture
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        NGO – The Foundation Initiative Green Group and Sustainable Development (www.giedd.ro) /Workshop and seminars

        NGO – Terra Millenium III (http://terraiii.ngo.ro) /Workshops and seminars

        Romania Agricultural Procedures Associations League (non-governmental Association), http://www.lapar.org/site.en.php / Regional workshop and
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....Yes
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events conducted with
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals? .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend with sector reps.? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....Yes
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....N/A
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....N/A
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....Yes
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....Yes
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....N/A
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      National Excellence Research Program / 2006-2009:
      • AGRAL 61: Research – developing wind equipment to irrigate areas of poor agroclimatic conditions, experimenting, certifying and producing - INISA;
      • BIOTECH 133: Integrated system to manage phytosanitary risks about to appear in the Romanian agriculture - EMERISK;
      • BIOTECH 88: Integrated system to limit damages caused by pathogenic bacteria (Erwinia amylovora and bacteria nucleating ice), by sustainable use of antagonistic micro-organisms‘ stems - POMONA;
      • MENER 756: Environmental impact of hydro-climatic and pedo-geomorphological risks on Barlad Basin-IRIS.
      2. National Programme of Research (2007-2013). Thematic area: Agriculture and food safety, and the protection of natural resources:
      • GRIMP-CLIM 51-073: Ways to mitigate climatic change impacts on wheat crops in Southern Romania;
      • CLIMPACTPOMI 51-059: Evaluating the climatic change impacts on Romania’s agroclimatic potential in order to zone fruit-growing yields;

      Grant Project funded by World Bank and Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in Romania called “Research and extension of risk management through derivatives agro -pedoclimatic climatic factors” (2008-2010). The project aims to implement crop insurance financial products based on crop climatic indicators (weather derivatives). Insurance market based on climatic indicators is a new alternative for the farmer to cover risks caused by extreme weather events (drought, floods).

      International scientific cooperation projects:
      1. INTERREG III B (EU Comunnity Initiative Programme for Transnational Cooperation in Spatial Development): ACCRETe / Agriculture and Climate Changes: how to Reduce human Effects and Threats / 2005-2007;
      2. FP6/CECILIA project: Central and Eastern European Climate Change Impact and Vulnerability Assessment – CECILIA (2006-2009), WP6 - Climate change impacts on agriculture and forestry sectors;
      3. INTERREG IVC (Innovation and Environment, Regions of Europe Sharing Solutions): Project 0541R2 WATER CoRe / Water scarcity and drought, coordinated actions in European regions, 2010-2013.
      4. Program for Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST):
      - Action 725: “Establishing a European phenological data platform for climatological applications” (2004-2009);
      - Action 734 (continuation of Action 718): “Impacts of variability and climate changes on the European agriculture – CLIVAGRI” (2006-2010).
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      A simple model of soil water balance

      DSSATv3.5

      CERES-Wheat

      CERES-Maize

      CROPWAT
  7. Part 7 - Drought Indicies
    1. - Please list the five most-used drought indices in your service.
      Agrometeorological indices / operationally activity
      - the soil moisture
      - the rainfall regime
      - the heat waves
      - ETP / FAO Penman-Monteith

      Drought related-indices derived from remote sensing data / operationally activity
      - NDVI / Normalized difference vegetation index

      Climatological indices / research activity
      - Aridity Index / UNEP
      - SPI / Standardized Precipitation Index
      - De Martonne’s aridity index
      - Seleaninov index
      - PDSI / Palmer Drought Severity Index
  8. Part 8 - Societies
    1. - Please list any agricultural meteorology societies active in your country.
      N/A
  9. Part 9 - Bibliography
    1. - Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Elena Mateescu (2007) – “EU-ACCRETe Project – Agriculture and Climate Change: how to reduce human effects and threats. Romania’s contribution and future steps”, The Parliament Politics, Policy and People Magazine, Issue 258, 10 December 2007, pp 76-77;

      Elena Mateescu (2007) – “EU-ACCRETe Project – Agriculture and Climate Change: how to reduce human effects and threats. Presentation of the case studies presented at the project thematic goups”, Publisher by Municipality of Chrissoupolis, Greece, pp, 11-14, 14-18, 20-22;

      Elena Mateescu, V. Turcu (2007) - “EU-ACCRETe Project – Agriculture and Climate Change: how to reduce human effects and threats. Regional facts and challenges” - Chapter 2 – Climate change in Europe and Chapter 3 – Regional climate change impacts on agriculture, Publisher by University of Rostock, Germany, pp 18-71;

      M. Teodosiu, Elena Mateescu (2008) – “Romanian plant phenology – history, networks and data”. COST Action 725. The history and current status of plant phenology in Europe, ESF-COST Office 2008, ISBN 978-951-40-2091-9, pp. 140-144.

      V. Alexandrov, Elena Mateescu, A. Mestre, M. Kepinska-Kasprzak, V. Di Stefano, N. Dalezios (2008) – „Summarizing a questionnaire on trends of agroclimatic indices and simulation model outputs in Europe”. COST Action 734, Survey of agrometeorological practices and applications in Europe regarding climate change impacts. ESF-COST Office 2008, Pp. 115-153;

      Elena Mateescu, Adriana Marica, D. Alexandru (2009) – „Climate change impact on fruit growing production’, Proceedings R.I.F.G.Pitesti, Vol. XXV, 2009, ISSN 1584-2231, Editura INVEL-MULTIMEDIA SRL, pp. 87-100.

      Elena Mateescu, Elena Antipova (2009) - Chapter 5 „To promote more active collaboration with farming community in Europe for improved applications of agrometeorology at the farm level including Internet technologies” , Reports to WMO RA VI 2009, pp. 175-189;

      Elena Mateescu, (2009) - 5th National Comunication of Romania for UNFCCC, Chapter VI. “VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS AND ADAPTATION MEASURES. VI. B.2 AGRICULTURE”, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Climate Change Department, Romania, pp 121-149;

      Elena Mateescu, D. Alexandru (2009) – “Agrometeorological activity in Romania – current status and future steps”, 7th Management Committee Meeting of COST Action 734 “Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on European Agriculture: CLIVAGRI”, National Meteorological Administration, 1-3 April 2009, Bucharest, Romania;

      I. Sandu, Aristita Busuioc, Elena Mateescu, D. Balta (2009) – “Meteorological extreme events in Romania”, Proceedings Workshop “International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction”
      IGSU Valcea, 2009, Editura CONPHYS, Rm. Valcea, 2009, ISBN 978-973-750-162-2, pg. 77-89.

      Elena Mateescu, D. Alexandru (2010) – “Management recommendations and options to improve the crop systems and yields on South-East Romania in the context of regional climate change scenarios over 2020-2050”, Scientific Papers, Series A LIII - Agronomy, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Agriculture, ISSN 1222-5339, pp 328-334.

      I. Sandu, Elena Mateescu (2010) – „Monitoring soil drought in Romania and the impact on agriculture”, Workshop Proceedings of Inter-Regional Workshop on Indices and
      Early Warning Systems for Drought, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA, 8-11 December 2009.
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