National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Peru

  1. Part 1 - Organization
    1. 1.1. Number of institutions engaged in Agrometeorology-related work in your country .....4
    2. 1.2. Resources and Facilities (please give number)
      1. 1.2a. Approximate no. of persons in Agricultural Meteorology
        1. NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....7
          2. - Class III-IV .....10
          3. - Others .....15
          4. - PhD .....N/A
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Class I-II .....N/A
          2. - Class III-IV .....N/A
          3. - Others .....N/A
          4. - PhD .....N/A
      2. 1.2b. Facilities available to Agricultural Meteorology Division
        1. NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....12
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .....1
          4. - Remote Sensing and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....1
        2. non-NMHS
          1. - Mainframe computers .....N/A
          2. - Personal computers .....N/A
          3. - Geographic Information Systems (GPS) .....N/A
          4. - Remote Sending and Image Analysis .....N/A
          5. - Vehicles .....N/A
    3. 1.3. Training and Education (Training and Education of Agricultural Meteorology personnel since 1999)
      1. NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....5
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....5
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....65
      2. non-NMHS
        1. - No of persons who received advanced degrees (M.Sc, Ph.D) .....N/A
        2. - No of persons who attended long term training courses .....N/A
        3. - No of persons who attended short term seminars, workshops (1-2 weeks) .....N/A
  2. Part 2 - Agrometeorological Observations
    1. NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....80
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....51
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....399
        2. - New instruments added .....150
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....60
    2. non-NMHS
      1. 2002 and prior
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
      2. 2005
        1. - Number of stations in the network of agrometeorological observations .....N/A
        2. - New instruments added .....N/A
        3. - New types and methods of agromet observations .....N/A
        4. - Automatic weather stations in use .....N/A
  3. Part 3 - Agrometeorological Services for Agriculture
    1. 3.1. Service structure (Indicate where agrometeorological services are located in your country)
      1. - Is the agrometeorological service constituted as a separate unit? .....Yes
      2. - Is the agrometeorological service at headquarters only? .....No
      3. - Are there agrometeorological services in different regions? .....Yes
    2. 3.2. Please list the agrometeorological products and other services for agriculture products provided by your service
      Agroclimatic Bulletin of Peru, (Monthly)

      Project for Drought Forecast by Basin, (decadal)

      Agrometeorological Abstract, (weekly)

      Agrometeorological Forecast for the Urubamba Valley, (decadal)

      Agrometeorological Forecast for the Mantario river Valley , (decadal)

      A follow-up to the agrometeorological conditions of the Ica Valley, (fortnightly)

      A follow-up to the agrometeorological conditions of the Cañete Valley, (fortnightly)

      A follow-up to the agrometeorological conditions of the Huaral Valley (fortnighlty)

      Impact of weather conditions on agriculture, (decadal)

      Bulletin of the Bibliographic Center of ARIII, (half-yearly)
    3. 3.3. Types and forms of service provided by the agrometeorology unit
      1. - Brochures and info pamphlets .....Yes
      2. - Radio and TV .....Yes
      3. - Press releases .....Yes
      4. - Workshops and seminars .....Yes
      5. - Interactions with farmers and/or farmer groups .....Yes
    4. 3.4. Agrometeorological Information on the Internet
      1. - Does your service have an Internet web page?
        http://www.senamhi.gob.pe/
      2. - Specify the agrometeorological products posted on your website
        Weekly , fortnightly, decadal and monthly Bulletins

        Summary of the Studies carried out

        Agrometeorological Bibliography of AR-III
    5. 3.5. Collaboration with other organizations (including important achievements)
      1. 3.5a. Please list the names of the governmental ministries/institutions that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Ministry of Agriculture

        Agricultural Sanitation Service

        National Institute for Agricultural Research

        National Commission for Aerospatial Development

        La Molina National Agriculture University
      2. 3.5b. Please list the names of the non-governmental organization (NGOs) that your service collaborated with during 2002-2005
        Consortium of Private Organizations for Promoting the Developmento of the Micro and Small Enterprise (COPEME)

        Agriculture Promotion Association (ASPA)

        Rural Institute of Valle Grande
    6. 3.6. Media interaction: routinely/in person
      1. - Television .....No
      2. - Radio .....Yes
      3. - Electronic .....Yes
      4. - Newspaper/magazine .....Yes
    7. 3.7. Awareness and training events which you conduct
      1. - Cooperatively with other Ministry or Sector .....Yes
      2. - Cooperatively with other University .....Yes
      3. - Cooperatively with NGO .....Yes
      4. - At regular intervals .....Yes
      5. - Do meteorologists/climatologists attend together with sector reps? .....Yes
  4. Part 4 - Agrometeorological Research
    1. Please indicate the agrometeorological research conducted in your service
      1. 4.1. Influence of meteorological factors on the growth, development, yield and quality of agricultural crops .....Yes
      2. 4.2. Development of methods for agrometeorological forecasting and assessment of present condition .....Yes
      3. 4.3. Linkage between agrometeorological models and atmospheric forecast and general circulation models .....No
      4. 4.4. Development of applications using seasonal to interannual predictions in agriculture .....Yes
      5. 4.5. Macroclimatic, mesoclimatic and microclimatic research .....Yes
      6. 4.6. Influence of meteorological factors on livestock husbandry .....No
      7. 4.7. Influence of meteorological and climatological factors on inland coastal and marine fisheries .....No
      8. 4.8. Protection of plants and livestock against adverse weather .....Yes
      9. 4.9. Agrometeorological conditions for the development of crop and livestock pests and diseases .....Yes
      10. 4.10. Research on the impact of agricultural activities that possibly influence weather and climate at local, national, and global levels .....No
      11. 4.11. Research on remote-sensing application in agrometeorology .....No
      12. 4.12. Research into agrometeorological aspects of drought and desertification .....Yes
      13. 4.13. Research on potential impacts of climate change/variability on national agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....Yes
      14. 4.14. Research on mitigation and adaptation strategies due to impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture .....Yes
      15. 4.15. Research on the impact of natural disasters on agriculture, rangelands, forestry, and fisheries .....No
      16. 4.16. Research on fire weather agrometeorology .....No
    2. Please cite below up to 7 reports/publications in the item checked above from your service.
      Modelling nocturnal heat dynamics and frost mitigation in Andean raided field systems

      A simple model for minimum crop temperature forescasting during nocturnal cooling

      Agroclimatic Study of the Cañete river Basin

      Agroclimatic Study of the Cotton in the north and central region of Peru

      Agroclimatic Study of the Water conditions in the South Mountain region in Peru
      Frost Atlas

      Phenologic Observation Manual
  5. Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
    1. - Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
      Agrometeorological Folow-up to the Cañete,Ica and Huaral Valleys

      Agrometeorological Follow-up to the agroclimatic conditions of the brown spots of the citrics (Alternaria Alternata pv Citric)

      Agrometeorological Follow-up to the Locust Plague in the north part of Peru
  6. Part 6 - Models
    1. - Information on practical crop-yield models, irrigation, disease/pest model, etc. (even if they are in the initial stages of development). Please list the ten most-used models in your service.
      DSSAT
      CROPSYS
      COLLIER- LHOME – MODELOS EMPÍRICOS
      CROPWAT
      ALTER-RATER
      LATEBLICHT SIMULATION MODEL (SAS VERSION)
  7. Part 7 - Bibliography
    1. Please provide a short bibliography of relevant papers/reports published by your service.
      Modelling nocturnal heat dynamics and frost mitigation in Andean raided field systems

      A simple model for minimum crop temperature forescasting during nocturnal cooling

      Agroclimatic Study of the Cañete River Basin

      Agroclimatic Study of the cotton plant in the northern and central part of Peru

      Agroclimatic Study of the water conditions in the south mountain region of Peru

      Atlas of Frosts

      Atlas of Evaporation in Perú

      Agrometeorological Study of the Mantaro Valey

      Study of Droughts in Puno

      Phenologic Observations Manual

      Agroclimatic Study of Cuzco

      Anise cultivation in the Curuhuasi Valley

      Agroclimatic evaluation of Puno

      Drought Study in Puno
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