National Progress Reports in Agrometeorology

The WMO Secretariat prepared and circulated a detailed questionnaire for the preparation of National Reports on Progress Made in Agricultural Meteorology by Members per Recommendation 1 of CAgM-XIV. In accordance with this recommendation, the WMO Secretariat will continue to compile the information in a comprehensive database to make it available to members.

2002-2005

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Part 5 - Socio-Economic Benefits
- Please list any case studies demonstrating the socio-economic benefits of your agrometeorological service.
Algeria N/A
Argentina N/A
Austria N/A
Azerbaijan World Bank study-project: Benefits of Hydrometeorological services in South Caucasus Countries
Bahrain N/A
Bangladesh Agromet unit of BMD doesn’t have any studies of socioeconomic benefits for agrometeorological services in Bangladesh. But agrometeorological unit of BMD is giving support for the operational and management of National Early Warning and Food Information System as well as department of Agriculture Extension for national food security. Agromet unit of BMD also provides information to farmers to take in the event of unusual weather pattern so that they can contribute to minimize crop losses and resultant income losses for the farmer.
Belarus N/A
Bosnia and Herzegovina Economic evaluation of agrometeorological advice to farmers for the country as a whole including agroclimatic zones
Brazil Note: It has not been done in many cases-But For Sao Paulo State the farmers get 50% support n their allowance for insurance, paid by the State Government.
But the Economic Institute of São Paulo State, has made some studies, for the off season maize crops, and for coffee, that the use of agrometeorological informtaions have reduced the financial lost for the farmers- and this is more relevant for maize.
Bulgaria Kazandjiev V., L.Kuchera 2004. The MOCA DB data, The EC AGRO-Meteorological system; The MARS Crop Yeld Forecasting System, Prague 06-09.10.2004, Crop monographies on central European Countries v.4, p.59-76.

Kazandjiev V., B. Peev 2005. Preconditions for disasters from elemental meteorological processes and phenomena, Proceedings from Scientific and Applied Conference on Management in Emergency Conditions and Population Protection, BAS, p. 186-193. (in Bulgarian)

Kazandjiev V., V. Georgieva 2005. Extreme Meteorological Conditions and Production of Autumn Cereal Crops in Bulgaria, Proceedings from Scientific and Applied Conference on Management in Emergency Conditions and Population Protection, BAS, p. 106-115. (in Bulgarian)

Kazandjiev V., V. Georgieva 2005. WOFOST Model Calibration for Soybean Yields in Conditions of North Bulgaria, Proceedings from Scientific and Conference 80 years Institute of Soybean and Forage Crops, Pavlikeni, p. 244-253. (in Bulgarian)

Slavov N., M. Moteva 2005. Research on Droughts in North Bulgaria During 20-th century, J. of Ecology and Industry v. 7, p. 68-70. (in Bulgarian)
Canada None
Chile N/A
China The agrometeorological service products such as agrometeorological information and agriculture drought & flooding:soil moisture monitoring and agriculture drought forecast etc.,can help governmental departments and farmers for theirs decision-making.

For the major crops yield forecast,the accuracy is more than 95%,therefore it can help governmental departments to make correct decisions.

Colombia Assessment to the flower growers that allow reduce the economic impact of frost
Congo -
Croatia N/A
Cyprus N/A
Czech Republic N/A
Côte D'Ivoire -
Dominican Republic Los boletines agrometeorologicos mensuales para asesorar al sector agropecuarias

Publicación de perspective climatica annual 2006

Estudio de la Sequia Agricola, a nivel Nacional, Provincial y Regional

Ecuador N/A
Egypt Case 1-Forecast the seasons of Nile flood from seasons 2002/2003 to 2005/2006.

By applying the studies in the reference(Dawod ,M.A.A & M.A.El-Rafy,2002) and used update on the data of sea surface temperature SST for the months January to June for the season of Nile flood, Also by using The characteristics of the Tropical Easterly jet and Sub-Tropical Jet stream during June month could be used to forecast season of rainfall over Africa notably over eastern part :
Where the season of Nile flood (natural flow of water at Aswan by unit Milliard Cubic Meters (MCM) is start at August month to July month the next year , the time which issuing the forecast is July before the start the season of flood by one month for helping decision makers to draw water politically

1- First issued the forecast the season 2002/2003 for Nile flood at 12/7/ 2002
The forecast of the Nile flood at season 2002/2003 is below it normal and the range of the natural flow of the water at Aswan between 73 to 55 (MCM)
The evaluation of the forecast at 1/8/2003 .The actual value of the season 2002/2003 was below it normal and record of the natural flow of the water at Aswan was value 71 (MCM, it was in the range of the forecast. (Excellent forecast)

2- Second issued the forecast the season 2003/2004 for Nile flood at 17/7/ 2003
The forecast of the Nile flood at season 2002/2003 is below it normal and the range of the natural flow of the water at Aswan between 76 to 59 (MCM).
The evaluation of the forecast at 1/8/2004 .The actual value of the season 2003/2004 was below it normal (84 MCM) and record of the natural flow of the water at Aswan was value 81 MCM , it was not the range of the forecast. (Good forecast)

3-Third issued the forecast the season 2004/2005 for Nile flood at 16/7/ 2004
The forecast of the Nile flood at season 2004/2005 is below it normal and the range of the natural flow of the water at Aswan between 76.59 to 59 MCM.
The evaluation of the forecast at 1/8/2005 .The actual value of the season 2004/2005 was below it normal (84 MCM) and record of the natural flow of the water at Aswan was value 72 MCM, it was in the range of the forecast. ((Excellent forecast))

4-Fourth issued the forecast the season 2005/2006 for Nile flood at 17/7/ 2005
The forecast of the Nile flood at season 2005/2006 is below it normal and the range of the natural flow of the water at Aswan between 75 to 55 MCM.
The evaluation of the forecast at 1/8/2006 .not yet

Case 2 - Study of Desert Locusts

Study of the affect of weather on the flight path of Desert Locusts over Egypt at 15-22 November 2004 by Mohamed Abed-elrhman Aly DAWOD (Egyptian Meteorological Authority).

Abstract
Desert Locust lives a total of about three to five months although this is extremely variable and depends mostly on weather and ecological conditions. Several immature and mature swarms crossed the West Coast of Egypt from East Coast of Libya through the period 15-22- November 2004. The aim of this study is to show the effect of weather conditions on the track of flight path of Desert Locusts over Egypt during this period. This work was performed by using synoptic charts, hourly data observation (temperature, wind speed, wind direction and pressure) of six stations over Egypt and also some charts of Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model during the same period. Results showed that the weather condition of the flight path are: temperature 22-24 0C, no rain, and wind speed is low to moderate (2-10) knots. Also from this study we could defined three tracks of paths of the Desert Locust which attacked Egypt during 15-22 /11/2004.These tracks are: -

- Track (a): Tubruk , Salloum , Alexandria,Cairo, southern Sinai at Sharm Esh Sheikh and the Red Sea coast during the period 15-17 November 2004

-Track (b) : coast of Libyan to the Mediterranean coast, Israel and Jordan during the period 16-17 November 2004

-Track (k):Tubruk to Farafra and Abu Minkar over the Western Desert of Egypt during the period 18-22 November 2004
The attained results revealed that the charts of wind direction at 500-meter height from (NWP) could be used successfully to forecast the flight path of the Desert Locust.

Case 3 - Project of Cotton pests (2001-2002)

This case study performed by the Agriculture Research Center, the Plant Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University and Egyptian Meteorological Authority. In this case Study, El-Qalubia, El-Sharkia, El-Dakahila and El-Meina governorate are chosen to represent a different locations of Egypt. Cotton crop is chosen to perform this study. The pests of spodoptera littoralis(Boisd), Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund) and Earias insulana (Boisd) are chosen for these epidemic effect on the cotton yield. Agriculture workers observe the number of moths in the cotton field using water pan-trap every week. Agro meteorological workers observe the situation of a combined meteorological factors and analyze the relation between number of moths and growing degree days. Plant protection workers observe the enemy of the cotton pests, and its relation with less or more of the moths. In the of this project, some tables are performed to forecast the starting date, ending date and maximum existence date of the generations of these pests to warn the decision makers to make a protective spring to minimize the damage and maximize the yield and keep clean environment.
Ethiopia N/A
Fiji Fiji Meteorological issues the Fiji Islands Monthly Weather Summary and the Sugar Sector outlooks on a regular basis. The Fiji Sugar Corporation uses the seasonal climate predictions the two publications and advises its farmers on the potential risks and benefits of the predicted climate in the upcoming season. With this information, the sugarcane farmers are able to plan their seasonal planting and harvesting. The information allows them to develop strategies to cope with the dry or wet season, minimise climate related risks and maximise the benefits to increase productivity and hence profit.
France Bien que l’on sache que la prise en compte de la météorologie opérationnelle a un impact sur les aspects économiques et environnementaux en agriculture, aucune étude complète n’a été menée, en France, à ce jour, publiant des chiffres objectifs On sait toutefois que la prise en compte du facteur météorologique apporterait une économie d’engrais et de produits phytosanitaires de l’ordre de 20%. Sachant que cette dépense représente entre 15 et 20% d’un budget de l’exploitation agricole, l’enjeu économique est important.
Gambia N/A
Georgia N/A
Germany N/A
Greece N/A
Hungary Interaction between regional connection, climate, soil and mineral nutritions by differente plant production (in more study)

Effects of climate on risk and level of national agronomy in Hungary (1960-2000)

Providing agrometeorological experience to the students of our university. About 50 students in every academic year.
Iran, Islamic Republic of Increasing production in agricultural sector

Reduction in natural disaster losses

Optimization of pesticide/insecticide application in agriculture

Improvement in insurance industry

Prevention of farmers immigration to urban areas
Ireland None
Israel Cost of raising alert levels are incurred only when rsik of forest file is significant.

Suitability of sub-tropical crops (e.g. avocado, lichee, mango..etc..) in marginal regions.
Kazakhstan The profit received from the Ministry of Agriculture by Kazhydromet:
2003 - 4.5 mln KZT
2004 – 12.5 mln KZT
2005 - 19.5 mln KZT
2006 - 21.2 mln KZT
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Crops-Growing Forecasting based on Agrometeorology during the year 2005
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Case studies showing the socio-economic benefit of our agrometeorological service have not been undertaken
Malawi None
Malaysia Evaporation Control in Ricefields - M.W Baradas and T K Lim
Mali The agrometeorological assistance to the rural producers (farmers, breaders, fishers, etc.)

The evalaution of agrometeological pilot projet

The socio economic evaluation of agrometeological pilot projet (SNED 1989)

Evaluation des méthodes de prévision saisonnière en Afrique de l’Ouest

Prediction of 2002 seasonal rainfall over Mali

Guide de semis
Moldova, Republic of Agroclimatic information contributes to the rational allocation of agricultural enterprises and selection of the best practices for increase of agricultural output.
Nepal N/A
Niger N/A
Peru Agrometeorological Folow-up to the Cañete,Ica and Huaral Valleys

Agrometeorological Follow-up to the agroclimatic conditions of the brown spots of the citrics (Alternaria Alternata pv Citric)

Agrometeorological Follow-up to the Locust Plague in the north part of Peru
Philippines Bridging the Gap Between Seasonal Climate Forecast and Decision Makers in Agriculture
Poland Socio-economic benefits will be researched and estimated some time after service is activated. At the present no such data is avaiable.
Portugal N/A
Romania Romanian agrometeorological observation network of NMA provides weekly in-situ monitoring and information is collected, analyzed and compiled in Operational Bulletin that is disseminated to decision factors and farmers for early-warning and advisories for agricultural practices (dry-farming system). During the years with extreme phenomena this service enabled efficient monitoring agrometeorological parameter dynamics and assessing the spatial extent and intensity of phenomenon in affected areas.
Russian Federation Application of an information agrometeorological complex ELAGR increases the crop yield by 10-25% and decreases expenses by 5-10%

Application of an information system Climate-Yield aimed at optimizing crop
distribution increases the total crop yield by 10-15%
Saint Lucia N/A
Samoa N/A
Serbia Agrometeorological/meteorological/climatological information usage in various aspects of agricultural production and related scientific research continued to increase during the past several years. Meanwhile, there where no case studies about socio-economic benefits of agrometeorological service.
Slovakia None
Slovenia Inquiry on Use of Agrometeorological Information

Vulnerability of Slovene Agriculture and Forestry to Climate Change and Estimation of its Influence
Spain The economic value obtained from the local probabilistic quantitative forecasts of some meteorological parameters of interest for the agrarian sector is routinely assessed. (activities to applying this approach to more specific agro-meteorological applications are in progress).
Sudan N/A
Switzerland N/A
Trinidad and Tobago N/A
United Arab Emirates N/A
United Kingdom N/A
United States Drought Monitor is used by Secretary of Agriculture to make decisions on disaster relief based on severity of drought in crop areas.

Early alerts of potential natural disasters, such as tropical storms, freezes, or winter storms, have provided decision-makers with lead time to prepare response strategies in crop areas.
Uzbekistan Improvement of the quality and productivity of agricultural production, rational placement of agricultural crops regarding the microclimatic features.
Venezuela N/A
Zimbabwe Farmweather Extension Services for small-scale irrigation scheme and new resettled farmers in Mashonaland Central Province.

Lessons learned: Cut down on cost of power (electricity)
Lessons learned: Use of seasonal forecast for planning in agricultural production

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